Pozsony County

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Pozsony County
Comitatus
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
ca. 1000–1920

Coat of arms of Pozsony

Coat of arms

Location of Pozsony
Capital Pozsony
48°9′N 17°7′E / 48.150°N 17.117°E / 48.150; 17.117Coordinates: 48°9′N 17°7′E / 48.150°N 17.117°E / 48.150; 17.117
History
 -  Established ca. 1000
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 4,370 km2 (1,687 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 389,750 
Density 89.2 /km2  (231 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia, Hungary
Bratislava is the current name of the capital.

Pozsony county was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory lies in present-day western Slovakia.

Its name changed along with that of the city of Pozsony, today's Bratislava. Its names around 1900 were Pozsony vármegye in Hungarian, Prešpurská župa in Slovak and Preßburger Gespanschaft in German.

Geography[edit]

Map of Pozsony county

The county shared borders with the Austrian land of Lower Austria and the Hungarian counties Nyitra (Nitra), Komárom (Komárno), Győr and Moson. It was situated between the river Morava in the west, the river Danube in the south, and the river Váh in the east. The southern part of the Little Carpathians divided the county into two. It also covered most of the island known today as Žitný ostrov (Hungarian: Csallóköz) between the Danube and the Little Danube. Its area was 4,370 km² around 1910.

Seats[edit]

The seats of Pozsony county were the Pozsony Castle (Bratislava Castle) and Somorja Šamorín, and from the 18th century onwards the town of Pozsony.

History[edit]

A sort of predecessor to Pozsony county existed as early as the 9th century during the time of Great Moravia.[citation needed] After Pozsony county's territory had become part of the Kingdom of Hungary, the Hungarian comitatus was created around 1000 or even earlier. It was one of the first counties created in the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory comprised roughly both the present-day Bratislava Region and Trnava Region. Throughout its history it was among the most prosperous territories of Hungary, and until the late 18th century it was particularly advanced and prosperous. In the 18th and 19th century, the population consisted of Slovaks (mainly in the north), Hungarians (mainly in the south), Germans (mainly in Bratislava and larger towns) and Croats (mainly in the suburbs of Bratislava).

In the aftermath of World War I, most of Pozsony county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. As Bratislava county, it continued to exist until 1927 in Czechoslovakia, but it had completely different powers and somewhat modified borders. A small part south of the river Danube remained part of Hungary and joined Győr-Moson-Pozsony county.

Following the provisions of the First Vienna Award, the southeastern part of the area (Žitný ostrov, Senec, Galanta) came under Hungarian administration in November 1938. The approximate Trianon borders were restored after World War II.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 367,417 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 389,750 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Pozsony/Bratislava county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Dunaszerdahely Dunaszerdahely (Slovak: Dunajská Streda)
Galánta Galánta (Slovak: Galanta)
Malacka Malacka (Slovak: Malacky)
Nagyszombat Nagyszombat (Slovak: Trnava)
Pozsony Pozsony (Slovak: Bratislava)
Somorja Somorja (Slovak: Šamorín)
Szenc Szenc (Slovak: Senec)
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Pozsony (Slovak: Bratislava)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Bazin (Slovak: Pezinok)
Modor (Slovak: Modra)
Nagyszombat (Slovak: Trnava)
Szentgyörgy (Slovak: Svätý Jur)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24.