Präz

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For other places with the same name, see Praz (disambiguation).
Präz
Former municipality of Switzerland
Präz - Präz from the air
Präz from the air
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Präz
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
46°44′N 9°24′E / 46.733°N 9.400°E / 46.733; 9.400Coordinates: 46°44′N 9°24′E / 46.733°N 9.400°E / 46.733; 9.400
Population 161 (December 2007)
- Density 14 /km2 (37 /sq mi)
Area 11.35 km2 (4.38 sq mi)
Elevation 1,200 m (3,937 ft)
Postal code 7424
Surrounded by Cazis, Rhäzüns, Safien, Sarn, Tartar, Versam
Twin towns Neerach (Switzerland)
Website www.praez.ch
Präz is located in Switzerland
Präz
Präz

Präz (Romansh: Preaz) was a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2010 the municipalities of Portein, Präz, Sarn and Tartar merged into the municipality of Cazis.[1]

History[edit]

Präz is first mentioned in 1290-98 as Pare(t)z.[2]

Geography[edit]

Präz village from downslope

Präz has an area, as of 2006, of 11.3 km2 (4.4 sq mi). Of this area, 45.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 47.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The municipality is located in the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district and is located on the Heinzenberg mountains. It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) village of Präz and the hamlets of Dalin and Raschlinas as well as scattered farm houses. The municipalities of Portein, Präz, Sarn, and Tartar merged on 1 January 2010 into Cazis.

Demographics[edit]

Castle Heinzenberg ruins

Präz has a population (as of 2007) of 161, of which 5.0% are foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -20.3%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.[4] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Präz is; 29 people or 16.3% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 13 people or 7.3% are 10 to 14, and 9 people or 5.1% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 17 people or 9.6% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 33 people or 18.5% are 30 to 39, 21 people or 11.8% are 40 to 49, and 22 people or 12.4% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 15 people or 8.4% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 12 people or 6.7% are 70 to 79, there are 5 people or 2.8% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 1.1% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 48% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (24.6%), the FDP (17.3%) and the CVP (9.7%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Präz about 70.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Präz has an unemployment rate of 0.82%. As of 2005, there were 45 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 18 businesses involved in this sector. 1 person is employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 7 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

year population
1803 286
1850 303
1900 201
1950 231
1980 148
2000 178

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.5%), with Romansh being second most common ( 2.8%) and Italian being third ( 0.6%).[3] The Romansh population speaks the Sutsilvan dialect.

Languages in Präz
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 105 69.08% 132 91.03% 170 95.51%
Romanish 46 30.26% 10 6.90% 5 2.81%
Population 152 100% 145 100% 178 100%

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]