Prêmio Brasil Olímpico
Prêmio Brasil Olímpico (which can be translated as National Olympic Prize) is the name given to the highest recognition that a Brazilian athlete can receive nationally.
History and configuration
The award was created in 1999 by the Brazilian Olympic Committee (BOC), who wanted to have a form of maximum recognition that could be bestowed upon the Brazilian athletes that were considered to have been the best in the country.
In order to be eligible, an athlete must be affiliated to a sport's Confederation whose sport is part of the Olympic Program. The athlete is then nominated by his or her Confederation for a vote that will determine the best athlete in the country for each sport — some Confederations have nominated only one athlete at times, which results in the need for only one vote in order for the athlete to be chosen as the best in the country.
The winners of each sport's election integrate the longlist for the highest award to be granted: the Athlete of the Year award. From the longlist, three finalists (or nominees) are selected, with the winner announced only at the Award Ceremony, which takes place in the first half of December. It is also possible that an athlete that may not have won in his or her sport (which serves as a longlist for the Athlete of the Year award), still be included in the shortlist, if said athlete is the winner of the previous year award. This was done in 2005, when female gymnast Daiane dos Santos, although not having won in her sport's category, was included in the shortlist for the female award as the winner of the 2004 award — this resulted in the unusual circumstance of having two athletes from the same sport running for the same award, since gymnast Laís Souza was also nominated for the female Athlete of the Year award.
A noteworthy discrepancy is that, in the election for best athlete in each sport, men and women run together (there is only one "best athlete" in each sport, man or woman), but for the nomination for Best Athlete of the Year, there are separate categories for male and female athletes. This has the effect of ensuring a variety of sports amidst the six athletes (between men and women) that run for the two awards, since no sport will have two nominees (one male and one female).
In the election, the candidates are voted on by two separate groups: a selected jury (chosen by the BOC) and the popular vote, both voting online. The results are then combined and the winner, chosen.
In addition, there is another award, which can be granted to both athletes and non-athletes: the Personalidade Olímpica (Olympic Personality) Award. This is granted to any public figure whose efforts were deemed to have helped advance sport in the country.
In 2004, for the first time, awards were given for the Best Paralympic Athlete of the Year (also seggreagating men and women).
Best athlete of the year
Best athlete per sport
What follows is a list of the sports that had athletes chosen by the Brazilian Olympic Committee as the best in Brazil in each year. For this election, there is no gender seggregation, and only one individual is chosen per sport or category of sports — in some cases, given the Confederations that have authoritiy over several sports, only one athlete is chosen as "best" in that entire Confederation.
Although not a winner in a sport-specific category, gymnast Daiane dos Santos made the shortlist for the female Athlete of the Year as the winner of the previous year's award.
- Official website (Portuguese)