Prabuddha Bharata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India
Prabuddha Bharatha Nov 2008 Front Cover.jpg
Editor Ramakrishna Order
Categories Spirituality, religion, culture
Frequency Monthly
Publisher Advaita Ashrama
First issue July 1896
Country India
Language English
Website www.advaitaashrama.org/prabuddha_bharata.html
ISSN 0032-6178

Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India is an English-language monthly magazine of the Ramakrishna Order, in publication since July 1896.[1] It carries articles and translations by monks, scholars, and writers on humanities, and religious and cultural themes. It is edited from Advaita Ashrama, Mayavati, Uttarakhand, and published and printed in Kolkata. Prabuddha Bharata is India's longest running English magazine.[2]

History[edit]

Advaita Ashrama, Mayavati, a branch of the Ramakrishna Math, where 'Prabuddha Bharata's publication moved in 1899, with Swami Swarupananda as its editor

Prabuddha Bharata was founded in 1896 by P. Aiyasami, B. R. Rajam Iyer, G. G. Narasimhacharya, and B. V. Kamesvara Iyer, in Madras (now Chennai), at the behest of Swami Vivekananda, with whom the founders had been closely associated before the swami went to America in 1893. The swami suggested the magazine's name, and gave encouragement to the founders through his letters to them. The editor, B. R. Rajam Iyer, was only twenty-four years old. The magazine saw two full years of publication from Madras, from July 1896 to June 1898. The death of the editor on 13 May 1898 from Bright’s disease brought the magazine's publication to an unexpected halt. As Sister Nivedita recalled the period in her memoirs, June 22 to July 15, 1898: "The Swami (Vivekananda) had always had a special love for this paper, as the beautiful name he had given it indicated. He had always been eager too for the establishment of organs of his own. The value of the journal in the education of modern India was perfectly evident to him, and he felt that his master's message and mode of thought required to be spread by this means as well as by preaching and by work."[3]

Among the contributors have been Leo Tolstoy, Rabindranath Tagore, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Jawaharlal Nehru, Carl Gustav Jung, Arnold Toynbee, Jadunath Sarkar, Rhys Davids, Ramesh Chandra Mazumdar, Sir C.P. Ramaswami Aiyar, Sarojini Naidu, Pitirim A Sorokin, Ella Wheeler Wilcox, and Jagadish Chandra Bose.[4]

By that time, Swami Vivekananda had returned to India and was visiting Almora. He asked Captain J. H. Sevier, one of his English disciples who was accompanying him, to take up the management of the magazine; Sevier agreed and offered to meet the preliminary costs associated with reviving it, which included purchasing and bringing up a hand-press, types, papers, ink and other materials required for the purpose from Kolkata.[5] The Prabuddha Bharata resumed publication in August 1898 from Almora. Swami Swarupananda, one of Vivekananda’s monastic disciples, became the new editor.

The following poem was written by Swami Vivekananda to Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India in August 1898, when the journal was transferred from Madras (Chennai) to Almora Himalayas.

The press was shifted to the newly founded Advaita Ashrama, Mayavati, in March 1899.

Swami Swarupananda died in Nainital in 1906. Swami Virajananda, who in 1938 would become the president of the Ramakrishna Order, succeeded him as editor. Among later editors were Swamis Yatiswarananda (1922–24), Ashokananda (1927–30), Gambhirananda (1942–44), and Vandanananda (1950–54). The printing of the magazine was shifted from Mayavati to Calcutta (now Kolkata) in 1924.

In 2010, Advaita Ashrama released a DVD archive of the first 114 years of Prabuddha Bharata, covering the years 1896 to 2009.

Dedication by Swami Vivekananda[edit]

TO THE AWAKENED INDIA

Once more awake!

    For sleep it was, not death, to bring thee life
    A new, and rest to lotus-eyes for visions
    Daring yet. The world in need awaits, O Truth!
    No death for thee!

Resume thy march,

    With gentle feet that would not break the
    Peaceful rest even of the roadside dust
    That lies so low. Yet strong and steady,
    Blissful, bold, and free. Awakener, ever
    Forward! Speak thy stirring words.

Thy home is gone,

    Where loving hearts had brought thee up and
    Watched with joy thy growth. But Fate is strong—
    This is the law—all things come back to the source
    They sprung, their strength to renew.

Then start afresh

    From the land of thy birth, where vast cloud-belted
    Snows do bless and put their strength in thee,
    For working wonders new. The heavenly
    River tune thy voice to her own immortal song ;
    Deodar shades give thee eternal peace.

And all above,

    Himala's daughter Umâ, gentle, pure,
    The Mother that resides in all as Power
    And Life, who works all works and
    Makes of One the world, whose mercy
    Opens the gate to Truth and shows
    The One in All, give thee untiring
    Strength, which is Infinite Love.

They bless thee all,

    The seers great, whom age nor clime
    Can claim their own, the fathers of the
    Race, who felt the heart of Truth the same,
    And bravely taught to man ill-voiced or
    Well. Their servant, thou hast got
    The secret—'tis but One.

Then speak, O Love!

    Before thy gentle voice serene, behold how
    Visions melt and fold on fold of dreams
    Departs to void, until Truth and Truth alone
    In all its glory shines—

And tell the world—

    Awake, arise, and dream no more!
    This is the land of dreams, where Karma
    Weaves unthreaded garlands with our thoughts
    Of flowers sweet or noxious, and none
    Has root or stem, being born in naught, which
    The softest breath of Truth drives back to
    Primal nothingness. Be bold, and face
    The Truth! Be one with it! Let visions cease,
    Or, if you cannot, dream but truer dreams,
    Which are Eternal Love and Service Free.[6]

Editors of Prabuddha Bharata[edit]

The March 1897 Publication

The magazine has assigned different titles to its editor over the course of its history. After being shifted to the Advaita Ashrama, the first three editors were also presidents of the ashrama. Thereafter, the editor and president were different persons. From 1959, the president was also called the editor, and the actual editor called the joint editor. From September 1993, the ashrama president has been called the managing editor, and the editor has again been called the editor.

Editors of Prabuddha Bharata
× Period Editor
1 1896 to 1898 B. R. Rajam Iyer
2 1898 to 1906 Swami Swarupananda
3 1906 to 1913 Swami Virajananda
4 1914 to 1918 Swami Prajnananda
5 1918 to 1921 Swami Raghavananda
6 1922 to 1924 Swami Yatiswarananda
7 1925 to 1926 Swami Vividishananda
8 1927 to 1930 Swami Ashokananda
9 1931 to 1934 Swami Pavitrananda
10 1935 to 1937 Swami Maithilyananda
11 1938 to 1939 Swami Tejasananda
12 1940 to 1941 Swami Vipulananda
13 1942 to 1944 Swami Gambhirananda
14 1945 to 1947 Swami Yogeswarananda
15 1948 to 1949 Swami Brahmamayananda
16 1950 to 1954 Swami Vandanananda
17 1955 to 1956 Swami Satswarupananda
18 1957 to 1958 Swami Nihsreyasananda
19 1959 to 1961 Swami Ananyananda
20 1962 to 1963 Swami Chidatmananda
21 1964 to 1965 Swami Kirtidananda
22 1966 to July 1968 Swami Adiswarananda
23 August to December 1968 Swami Budhananda
24 1969 to 1970 Swami Rasajnananda
25 1971 to 1976 Swami Tadrupananda
26 1977 to 1979 Swami Balaramananda
27 1979 to 1986 Swami Bhajanananda
28 1987 to 1989 Swami Jitatmananda
29 1990 to 1993 Swami Muktirupananda
30 1994 to 1996 Swami Atmaramananda
31 1996 to 1998 Swami Satyapriyananda
32 1999 to 2001 Swami Sunirmalananda
33 2002 to 2004 Swami Yuktatmananda
34 2005 to October 2010 Swami Satyaswarupananda
35 November 2010 to July 2014 Swami Satyamayananda
36 August 2014 to Present Swami Narasimhananda

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Prabuddha Bharata: Or Awakened India, by Swami Vivekananda, Advaita Ashrama. Published by Swami Smaranananda for Advaita Ashrama, 1974.
  • Prabuddha Bharata, Vol. 100 No.1 (January 1995).
  • The Story of Ramakrishna Mission (Kolkata: Advaita Ashrama, 2006), 798–811

References[edit]

  1. ^ The saga of a journal The Hindu, January 4, 2009.
  2. ^ India's longest running english magazine prabuddha bharat
  3. ^ Excerpts from Sister Nivedita's Book/VII Life At Srinagar The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda/Volume 9/Excerpts from Sister Nivedita's Book, Wikisource. 1898.
  4. ^ The saga of a journal The Hindu, January 4, 2009.
  5. ^ The Life of the Swami Vivekananda, by His Eastern and Western Disciples, the Advaita Ashrama, Himalayas, by Advaita Ashrama, Published by the Swami Virajananda from the Prabuddha Bharata Office, Advaita Ashrama, 1947. 256.
  6. ^ Writings: Poems, To the Awakened India The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda/Volume 4/ Wikisource'.

External links[edit]