Pradhan (Devanagari: प्रधान) is a ministerial title used in regions of Hindu cultural tradition that equates to the more popular term Vizier in rank and function. The Sanskritpradhana translates to "major" or "prime"; however, the more modern Hindi definitions provided by the Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary also include "chief" and "leader". The precise interpretation can differ significantly by region. The style was abandoned by many Indian princely states during the Mughal era in favor of Persian styles such as Wasir and Diwan.
"Pradhan" is also commonly employed as a Newar surname in the Newa (नेवा:) community of Nepal and is also currently used by the Kshatriya/Kayastha people of northern India.
In modern Nepal, Pradhan refers to the family name of people of the Newar community who trace their roots to northern and central India. Among the Newars, they follow Hinduism and are part of the highest tier "Chhathariya" (six-types) Syasyah (Shrestha) clan who are descendants of the Malla (Nepal) royalty and its nobility. The other family names of this group consist of the surnames Malla, Joshi, Rajbhandari, Maskey, and Amatya. "Chhathariya" Syasyah are distinguised by the use of their clan or occupational titles (e.g., Pradhan, Rajbhandari) instead of the all-encompassing "Shrestha" name. Newar caste system stratifies them as belonging to the Kshatriya varna.