Prado Dam

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Prado Dam
Prado Dam Coverimage.jpg
Location Riverside County, California
Coordinates 33°53′25″N 117°38′27″W / 33.8902°N 117.6408°W / 33.8902; -117.6408Coordinates: 33°53′25″N 117°38′27″W / 33.8902°N 117.6408°W / 33.8902; -117.6408
Opening date April 1941
Owner(s) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Operator(s) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Earth-fill dam
Impounds Santa Ana River
Height 162 ft (49 m)
Length 2,280 ft (690 m)
Width (crest) 30 ft (9.1 m)
Dam volume 3,389,000 cu yd (2,591,000 m3)
Reservoir
Creates Prado Flood Control Basin
Total capacity 314,400 acre·ft (387,800 dam3)
Catchment area 2,230 sq mi (5,800 km2)
Surface area 6,600 acres (2,700 ha)
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Prado Dam

Prado Dam is an earth-fill dam across the Santa Ana River at the Chino Hills near Corona, California in Riverside County with the resulting impounded water creating Prado Flood Control Basin reservoir. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers built the dam in Lower Santa Ana River Canyon. Its primary purpose is flood control and it is the downstream element of the Santa Ana River's flood control system, which is a natural constriction about 30.5 mi (49.1 km) upstream from the ocean. The area upstream from the dam contains 2,255 sq mi (5,840 km2) of the watershed's 2,650 sq mi (6,900 km2). The dam's construction was authorized in 1936 and the flood of 1938 demonstrated its necessity. Construction was completed in 1941. Prado Flood Control Basin also provides water storage for groundwater recharge operations.

Failure threat[edit]

On January 14, 2005, after days of heavy rain, water began seeping through an earthen extension. Authorities released water in order to relieve pressure and sent a flood warning to areas downriver of the dam. Over 3,000 residents were evacuated from their homes for nearly twenty-four hours for fear of flooding. The gymnasium at Corona High School was converted by the American Red Cross into a temporary shelter.

Upgrades[edit]

As of 2005 work to increase the downstream channel's capacity from 5,000 to 30,000 cu ft (140 to 850 m3) per second is ongoing. The total costs of the improvements is estimated at $400 million.

Prado Dam Spillway, with American Bicentennial mural.


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