Václav Havel Airport Prague

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Václav Havel Airport Prague
Letiště Václava Havla Praha
PRG Airport logo.png
PRG Ruzyne airport view 8971b.jpg
IATA: PRGICAO: LKPR
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Letiště Praha
Serves Prague, Czech Republic
Location Ruzyně
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 1,247 ft / 380 m
Coordinates 50°06′03″N 014°15′36″E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000Coordinates: 50°06′03″N 014°15′36″E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000
Website prg.aero
Map
PRG is located in Czech Republic
PRG
PRG
Location within the Czech Republic
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,715 12,191 Concrete
12/30 3,250 10,665 Concrete
04/22 2,120 6,955 Asphaltic concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H2 11.2 37 Asphalt
H3 11.2 37 Asphalt
H4 11.2 37 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers (2013) 10,974,196
Passenger growth 12–13 1.54%
Cargo (2009) 47,870,804 kg
Source: Czech AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]

Václav Havel Airport Prague (Czech: Letiště Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyně International Airport (Czech: Mezinárodní letiště Praha-Ruzyně, Czech pronunciation: [ˈpraɦa ˈrʊzɪɲɛ]), (IATA: PRGICAO: LKPR), is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. It is located 10 kilometres (6 mi) west[1] of the city centre and is with 11 million passengers in 2013 the busiest airport in the newer EU member states. It also serves as a hub for Czech Airlines as well as a base for Travel Service Airlines including its subsidiary SmartWings.

History

Old control tower built in 1937 (rear view) – now part of Terminal 4
Old control tower (front view) during the visit of Dwight D. Eisenhower to Prague on 12 October 1945

Prague–Ruzyně Airport began operations on 5 April 1937, but Czechoslovak civil aviation history started at the military airport in Prague–Kbely in 1919. The Prague Aviation Museum is now found at Kbely Airport.

Due to insufficient capacity of the Kbely airport in the middle of the 1930s, the Government decided to develop a new State Civil Airport in Ruzyně. One of the major awards Prague Ruzyně Airport received include Diploma and Gold Medal granted in 1937 at the occasion of the International Art and Technical Exhibition in Paris (Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne also known as Paris 1937 World's Fair) for the technical conception of the central airport, primarily the architecture of the check-in building (nowadays known as Terminal 4) designed by architect Ing. A. Beneš.

Other awards were granted for modernisation during individual airport development phases.[citation needed] All these facts have been increasing the interest of carriers in using Prague airport.[citation needed] In one of the most dramatic moments in its history, the airport was seized by Soviet paratroopers on the night of 20–21 August 1968, who then facilitated the landing of Soviet troops and transports for the invasion of Czechoslovakia.

The airport has an excellent location with respect both to its short distance from the centre of Prague and within the European area.[citation needed] Moreover, the Ruzyně fields provide opportunities for further expansion of the airport according to the increasing capacity demand. The airport serves as a hub of the trans-European airport network.

The political and economic changes affected the seventy years of existence of Prague–Ruzyně Airport. Some new air transportation companies and institutions were founded and some ceased operation since then. Ten entities have been responsible for airport administration over time, including the new construction and development. Until the 1990s, there were two or three-decade gaps before the major modernisation of Prague–Ruzyně Airport began to match the current capacity requirements.

The airport was used in the James Bond film Casino Royale. The airport, along with a Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340-600, depicts a scene that actually takes place in the film at Miami International Airport.

An online petition organised by one of the best-known Slovak film directors, Fero Fenič, calling on the government and the Parliament to rename Prague Ruzyně Airport to Václav Havel International Airport attracted – in just one week after 20 December 2011 – the support of over 65,000 signatories both within and outside the Czech Republic.[2] A rendition of the airport with the proposed Václav Havel name in the form of his signature followed by his typical heart symbol suffix was included in the blog's article in support of renaming of the airport.[3] This name change took place on 5 October 2012 on what would have been Havel's 76th birthday. However, the PRG name of the airport for IATA and ICAO will remain the same.

Further development

As the capacity of the airport has been reaching its limit for the last couple of years (as of 2005),[citation needed] further development of the airport is being considered. Besides regular repairs of the existing runways, Prague Airport (Czech: Letiště Praha s.p.) began the preparations for building a new runway, parallel to the 06/24 runway. The construction with estimated costs of CZK 5–7 billion was scheduled to begin in 2007, and the new runway marked 06R/24L (also called the BIS runway) was to be put into service in 2010. However, because of plenty of legal problems and protests of people who live close to the airport premises, the construction has not yet begun. Despite these problems, the project has support from the government, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2014.[citation needed] [4]

It will be over 3,500 metres (11,483 ft) long. Located about 1,500 metres (4,921 ft) southeast of the present main runway, the 24L runway will be equipped with a category III ILS, allowing landing and taking off under bad weather conditions.

Prague Airport states that besides increasing the airport capacity, the new runway system will greatly reduce the noise level in some densely inhabited areas of Prague. This should be achieved by reorganising the air traffic space around the airport, and shifting the traffic corridors after putting the two parallel runways into service. The vision of heavy traffic raised many protests from the suburban communities directly surrounding the airport. On 6 November 2004, local referenda were held in two Prague suburbs – Nebušice and Přední Kopanina – giving official support to the local authorities for active opposition against the construction of the parallel runway.

The construction of a railway connection between the airport and Prague city centre is also in the planning stage. The track will be served by express trains with special fares, connecting non-stop the airport with the city centre, and local trains fully integrated into Prague integrated transit system.[5]

Infrastructure

Terminals

Terminal 1 of Prague Airport
Terminal 2 of Prague Airport

Prague Airport has two main passenger terminals, two general aviation terminals, as well as a cargo facility. Most flights depart Prague Airport from the North Terminals (Terminal 1 and 2). The South Terminals (Terminal 3 and 4) handle a few irregular flights, as well as VIP flights, special flights and small aircraft.

  • Terminal 1 is used for flights outside the Schengen Area; it was opened in 1997, it includes concourses A and B
  • Terminal 2 is used for flights within the Schengen area; it was opened on 17 January 2006, it includes concourses C and D
  • Terminal 3 is used for private and charter flights; it was opened in 1997
  • Terminal 4 is used exclusively for VIP flights and state visits; it is the oldest part of the airport which was opened on 5 April 1937

There are also two freight terminals, Cargo Terminal 1 is operated by Menzies Aviation Czech while Cargo Terminal 2 is operated by Skyport.

Runways

The airport contains two runways in service: 06/24 (till April 1993 07/25) and 12/30 (till May 2012 13/31). Former runway 04/22 is permanently closed for take-offs and landings and is used for taxiing and parking only. The most used runway is 24 due to the prevailing western winds. Runway 30 is also used often. Runway 06 is used rarely, while runway 12 is used only exceptionally.

Operations

The company operating the airport is Prague Airport (Letiště Praha, a. s.), a joint-stock company that has one shareholder, the Ministry of Finance. The company was founded in February 2008, as part of a privatisation process involving the Airport Prague (Správa Letiště Praha, s.p.) state enterprise. This action was in accordance with the Czech Republic Government Memorandum Nr. 888, which had been passed on 9 July 2008. On 1 December 2008, Prague Airport took all rights and duties formerly held by Správa Letiště Praha, s.p., and Prague Airports took all business authorisations, certificates, employees, and licenses from the former company.[6] The head office of Prague Airport is in Prague 6.[7] The former state-owned enterprise had its head office on the airport property.[8][9]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana 2
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 9 June 2015)
2
Aer Lingus Dublin 1
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo 1
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg 1
airBaltic Riga 2
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Marseille, Toulouse
2
Air France
operated by HOP!
Lyon 2
Air Lituanica Vilnius 2
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta 2
Air Serbia Belgrade 1
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson[10] 1
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 1
Astra Airlines Seasonal charter: Thessaloniki 2
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna 2
Alitalia Pisa (ends 28 May 2015), Rome–Fiumicino 2
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Seasonal: Milan-Linate[11] 2
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 1
Belavia Minsk–National 1
British Airways London–Heathrow 1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe
Brussels 2
Bulgaria Air Sofia 1
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 1
Czech Airlines Almaty, Bucharest, Kaliningrad (begins 29 March 2015), Kazan (begins 29 March 2015), Kiev–Boryspil, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Rostov-on-Don, St Petersburg, Samara, Seoul–Incheon, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Ufa, Yekaterinburg
Seasonal: Cork (resumes 14 May 2015),[12] Nizhniy Novgorod, Perm, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Yerevan
1
Czech Airlines Amsterdam, Barcelona, Billund (begins 29 March 2015), Bologna (begins 29 March 2015), Bratislava, Brussels, Budapest, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gothenburg-Landvetter,[13] Hamburg, Košice, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Ostrava, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Arlanda, Strasbourg, Warsaw–Chopin,
Seasonal: Bilbao (begins 1 June 2015), Hévíz-Balaton, Oslo–Gardermoen (begins 30 March 2015)
2
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York–JFK 1
easyJet Bristol, Edinburgh, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Manchester 1
easyJet Amsterdam, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino 2
El Al
operated by UP
Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Enter Air Seasonal: Bilbao, Catania, Funchal, Larnaca, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tirana 2
Etihad Regional Zürich (begins 29 March 2015) 2
Finnair Helsinki 2
flydubai Dubai-International[14] 1
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Istanbul–Ataturk 1
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn 2
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf, Hamburg 2
Iberia Madrid 2
Jet2.com Belfast-International (begins 3 May 2015), Edinburgh, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nottingham/East Midlands 1
Jetairfly Charleroi 2
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 2
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon 1
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt 2
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Bergen, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda 2
Nouvelair Seasonal: Enfidha, Tabarka 1
Orenair Seasonal charter: Nizhnekamsk 1
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[15] 1
Ryanair Dublin, London-Stansted 1
Ryanair Charleroi 2
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk 1
Saravia Saratov 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda 2
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Heraklion 2
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Dubai, London-Gatwick (begins 02 April 2015),[16] Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas, Dubrovnik, Larnaca, Pula , Split
1
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Gran Canaria, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Alghero, Barcelona, Bilbao, Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dublin, Fuerteventura, Funchal,[17] Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Málaga, Naples, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Preveza, Rhodes, Seville ,[17] Skiathos, Thessaloniki, Valencia, Zakynthos
2
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva 2
Swiss International Airlines
operated by Swiss European Airlines
Basel, Zurich 2
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal: Antalya 1
TAP Portugal Lisbon
Seasonal: Budapest
2
TAROM Bucharest 1
Transavia.com Rotterdam 2
Transavia.com France Paris-Orly 2
Travel Service Airlines Seasonal charter: Agadir, Antalya, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Burgas, Dubai, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Monastir, Punta Cana, Sal, Sharm el-Sheikh, Split, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tunis, Varadero, Varna, Zanzibar 1
Travel Service Airlines Seasonal charter: Corfu, Girona, Heraklion, Larnaca, Paphos, Preveza, Rhodes, Tenerife–South 2
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis 1
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk 1
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil 1
Ural Airlines Chelyabinsk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Yekaterinburg 1
Volotea Bordeaux (begins 17 April 2015), Nantes, Venice (begins 3 April 2015) 2
Vueling Barcelona, Rome-Fiumicino 2
Wizz Air London–Luton, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion (resumes 30 March 2015) [18] 1
Wizz Air Bari, Bergamo, Naples, Rome–Fiumicino, Treviso 2
Yakutia Airlines Krasnodar 1

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
Air Contractors Paris–Charles de Gaulle
China Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Luxembourg, Taipei–Taoyuan
Czech Airlines Belgrade, Chișinău, Sofia
Czech Airlines
operated by Genex
Minsk–National
TNT Airways Brno, Katowice, Liège
UPS Airlines
operated by Farnair Switzerland
Cologne/Bonn

Statistics

In 2004, the airport served 9.7 million passengers; in 2005 nearly 10.8 million;[19] and 11.6 million in 2006. In 2007 the number of passengers rose to 12,440,000 and in 2008 reached 12,630,557. In 2009 the number decreased to 11,643,366, and only 143,060 were domestic passengers.[20] It was the 32nd busiest airport in Europe in 2009. The top 10 destinations were:

Rank Airport Passengers handled
1 Paris–Charles de Gaulle 550,902
2 London–Heathrow 430,453
3 Frankfurt 415,630
4 Moscow–Sheremetyevo 404,024
5 Amsterdam Schiphol 374,220
6 Milan 306,902
6 Madrid–Barajas 300,432
7 Rome–Fiumicino Leonardo da Vinci 290,972
8 Brussels 265,756
9 Zürich 249,963
10 Barcelona 245,423
Rank Country 2011 Passengers
1 Germany Germany 1,162,114 passengers
2 United Kingdom Great Britain 1,138,899 passengers
3 France France 1,017,899 passengers
4 Italy Italy 872,933 passengers
5 Russia Russia 856,849 passengers
Rank City 2011 Passengers
1 France Paris (Charles de Gaulle) 830,177 passengers
2 Russia Moscow (Sheremetyevo) 539,108 passengers
3 Germany Frankfurt 514,061 passengers

Other facilities

APC Building, the head office of Czech Airlines at Prague Airport

Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building,[21] on the grounds of Prague Airport.[22] On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.[23]

Travel Service Airlines and its low cost subsidiary Smart Wings have their head office on the airport property.[24][25]

In addition the Civil Aviation Authority also has its head office on the airport property.[26]

Ground transportation

Buses of DPP, the Prague Public Transit Co., stop at both terminals every 10 minutes:

  • 119 – terminates in 24 minutes at Dejvická station. Transfer to Metro line A to get to the centre. The ticket is valid on the Metro too.
  • 100 – terminates in 18 minutes at Zličín station. Transfer to Metro line B to get to the centre. The ticket is valid on the Metro too.
  • 179 – stops in 10 minutes at Ciolkovského, with 10 min. transfer by foot to Praha–Ruzyně station of the S5 line of the suburban railway to the centre (train takes 25 min. and departs every 60 min.). The ticket is valid on the train too.
  • 510 – a night service every 30 minutes. Goes to the south of the city, but passes near the centre ("Jiráskovo náměstí" or "I. P. Pavlova" stops) which takes 40 minutes.

A Czech Railways public bus service, AE – AiportExpress, connects Terminals 1 and 2 with Praha hlavní nádraží every 30 minutes. The journey takes 40 to 50 minutes. Some local buses run from Prague to Kladno stop at Terminal 1. Also, Student Agency buses link Terminal 1 with Karlovy Vary.

Accidents and incidents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b EAD Basic. Ead.eurocontrol.int.
  2. ^ "Petition to name the Prague – Ruzyne airport Václav Havel International Airport". Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  3. ^ "Václav Havel International Airport". Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  4. ^ animation of the new runway and more info.
  5. ^ Petr Švec, "Letištní expres: cesta za 120 korun" in Mladá fronta DNES, 12 February 2009
  6. ^ "About Airport." Prague Airport. Retrieved on 25 February 2012.
  7. ^ "Contacts." Prague Airport. Retrieved on 25 February 2012. "Letiště Praha, a. s. K Letišti 6/1019, 160 08 Praha 6"
  8. ^ "Basic Information." Prague Airport. 14 August 2006. Retrieved on 25 February 2012. "Airport Operator: Airport Prague Its office registered at: Prague – Ruzyne Airport, 160 08 Prague 6"
  9. ^ "ZÁKLADNÍ INFORMACE." Prague Airport. 29 August 2006. Retrieved on 25 February 2012. "Provozovatel letiště: Letiště Praha s.p. Letiště Praha – Ruzyně, 160 08 Praha 6"
  10. ^ http://finance.yahoo.com/news/transat-introduces-european-destination-prague-132500311.html;_ylt=A2KLOzItWVBSDXwAuA7QtDMD
  11. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/01/10/az-prgwaw-s14/
  12. ^ New ORK route
  13. ^ http://www.airliners.de/czech-airlines-fliegt-zwischen-hamburg-und-goeteborg/33202
  14. ^ Drum, Bruce (3 October 2014). "Flydubai is coming to Bratislava, Prague and Sofia". WorldAirlineNews.com. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  15. ^ finally begins on route Prague – Istanbul)
  16. ^ http://www.smartwings.com/en/news/2014/11/26/smartwings-starts-new-regular-connection-between-prague-and-london-gatwick/
  17. ^ a b Smartwings Adds Seasonal Funchal / Seville Service in S14 « Routesonline.com. Routesonline.com (31 January 2014).
  18. ^ "Wizz Air timetable". Wizz Air. 
  19. ^ Official statistics for 2005 PDF
  20. ^ TRAFFIC REPORT – 2009[dead link]
  21. ^ "The Settlement of Land Relations between Czech Airlines and the Prague Airport Authority to Increase the Value of Both Companies Prior to their Privatisation." Czech Airlines. 22 August 2008. Retrieved on 15 February 2010.
  22. ^ "Imprint." Czech Airlines. Retrieved on 4 February 2010. "Letiště Ruzyně Prague 6 160 08 Czech republic"
  23. ^ Heijmans, Philip. "Czech Airlines sells headquarters to Prague Airport." The Prague Post. 6 January 2010. Retrieved on 31 January 2014.
  24. ^ "Contacts." Travel Service Airlines. Retrieved on 14 November 2011. "Travel Service, a. s. K Letišti 1068/30 160 08 Prague 6 Czech Republic"
  25. ^ "Contact." Smart Wings. Retrieved on 19 February 2012. "Office at Prague airport K letisti 1068/30 160 08 Praha 6 Czech Republic"
  26. ^ Home page. Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved on 25 February 2012. "Postal and visitor's address: Civil Aviation Authority Czech Republic Václav Havel Airport Prague 160 08 Praha 6"
  27. ^ PlaneCrashInfo.com. PlaneCrashInfo.com (23 October 1975).
  28. ^ "2 Czech Youths Hijack Jetliner to West Germany". Los Angeles Times. 30 March 1989. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 

External links

Media related to Prague Ruzyně Airport at Wikimedia Commons