|Município da Estância Balneária
de Praia Grande
Top left:Vila Tupi Beach, Top middle;View of monument of cannon in Canto do Praia park, Top right:Marechal Mallet Avenue, Bottom left:View of Villa Guiherrmina and Forte beach from Duque Caxjas Park, Bottom right:View of Forte downtown area and beach from cape of Duque Caxjas
|Nickname(s): " A Nossa Praia "|
Location of Praia Grande
|• Mayor||Alberto Pereira Mourão - 2013/2017 (PSDB)|
|• Total||149,079 km2 (57,560 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|HDI (2013)||0.754 – high|
Although the political emancipation is recent, the area covered today by the municipality of Praia Grande was one of the first areas colonized by the Portuguese, which began with the arrival of Martim Afonso in 1532 . The first village founded by the explorer, sent by the Portuguese crown, was that of St. Vincent, which remained part Praia Grande until 1967.
After emancipation, the city slightly accelerated the pace of growth experienced since the 1950s, earning a higher quality in their public services, given the proximity of the municipal government with the reality of the local population. In the 1980s, the city gained new impetus to its growth with the opening of the Small Sea Bridge (in the final stretch of the Highway of Immigrants), linking the island of Sao Vicente in the city, and solving two problems at once: as well as relieve traffic on saturated Suspension Bridge, the city gained a direct link to the capital without the need of going through the cities of Santos and Sao Vicente, in order to access the Via Anchieta, then the only option to reach the capital. Thus, Playa Grande became the resort closest to the capital.
However, this ease of access has brought great inconvenience, that they would be solved by 1993 when the city started a revolution: the transport system has been completely refurbished, more than 90% of the streets were paved, the sewage began an expansion of collection (which began with 60% of households by 2012 and reach 100%), being treated and thrown more than 3 km from the coast, the edge of the beach and the main tourist spots were completely re-urbanized, it was forbidden to input bus tours without prior authorization from the municipality, the road system has been completely revised and reconfigured on interventions that occurred until 2006.
Some projects are still to be deployed in the city, regardless of the administration, such as airport charges in the region of Andaraguá, State college campuses (UNESP) and Federal (UNIFESP), the transformation of municipal landfill in ecological park (awaiting decontamination of the soil) and Route 700, linking the Anhanguera to Immigrants.
Until the early 1990s, most residents lived near the Praia Grande beach, mainly concentrated in the region between the beach of Big hole, where is located the city center and beach Ocian. However, from the mid-1990s, the construction boom, which occurred through a series of infrastructure works, landscaping and urbanization, which until then were too poor, eventually attracting thousands of families in the municipality, search of jobs with contractors and builders, causing a huge swelling population in the region between the current South Expressway, the Highway Padre Manoel da Nóbrega and Serra do Mar creating suburbs, as Quiet Garden, Ribeiropolis, Garden Fern, among others, but now, since all are in the process of urbanization with schools, kindergartens, public transport and flooring in most of its streets, as well as future investments made by the city size at these sites, such as 16 million dollars to be invested in the suburb Glory, in its complete redevelopment.
In 2009, the IBGE estimated population of 249,551 inhabitants in Praia Grande.
Praia Grande is one of 15 counties considered spas by São Paulo state, which complied with certain prerequisites set by State Law. There are other cities that are not spas, they are still tourist resorts. This ensuresstatusto these municipalities a larger budget from the state through the DADE for the promotion of regional tourism. Also, the municipality acquires the right to add your name next to the title of Bathing Resort, term by which is designated by both the municipal official or expedient for the reference state.
Praia Grande is divided into three districts: the District Headquarters'the District Samana', in the highlands and the District Solemar near the border with Mongaguá.
The neighborhoods can be characterized between Coastal Districts which are located between the Highway Padre Manoel da Nóbrega and the beach, Neighborhood Peripherals located on the third residential area between the highway and Piaçabuçu hills or the river, and named mountainous region of Samaná. Since 1992, with the creation of Design Course, each neighborhood has been identified with a different color, inserted in all public IDs for each district.
Also some neighborhoods are subdivided into smaller regions called Squares Administrative, that once made more specific addresses, helping the service of Post Office, but currently only serve to group places that have features common to the municipal administration work in some specific need.
Praia Grande was the first in Brazil to install the Information Highway, a fiber optic interconnection of all municipal government offices, which resulted in more than 300 km of cables installed in the main streets and avenues. With this network was also possible to install more than 1,200 video cameras along the busiest places of the city as well as in public buildings and monuments. The entire city is monitored by these cameras, a central, directly interconnected with the Municipal Guard and the Military Police. Thus, rates of police incidents fell 60%, and vandalism of public facilities in the city, by 40%.
Today, Praia Grande is the city with the largest number of surveillance cameras in the Americas, and the second in the world, second only to the city of London in the United Kingdom. There is a program of installation, the next two years (from 2007), 900 more cameras, overtaking even London in the amount of cameras installed.
In addition to monitoring, the Infoway allows data access to any unit of municipal institutions, in real time. This facilitates, for example, medical care, because even before the patient hold the first consultation, the doctor will have access to the entire history of every patient in the care of the municipal health network, including by which medical specialties which there have been consultations, tests, prescription drugs, allergies, and everything else that is part of history.
- "Estimativas - Contagem da População 2007". IBGE. Retrieved 2008-07-11.
- (Portuguese) Baixada Santista
- (Portuguese) http://www.praiagrande.sp.gov.br
- (Portuguese) citybrazil.com.br
- (Portuguese) PraiaGrande.com
||Itanhaém||São Vicente||São Vicente|
|Atlantic Ocean||Atlantic Ocean||Atlantic Ocean|