Prairial

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For the warship, see Prairial (F 731).

Prairial (French pronunciation: ​[pʁɛʁjal]) was the ninth month in the French Republican Calendar. This month was named after the French word prairie, which means meadow. It was the name given to several ships.

Prairial was the third month of the spring quarter (mois de printemps). It started May 20 or May 21. It ended June 18 or June 19. It follows the Floréal and precedes the Messidor.


3 Prairial III
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 25
1 Wednesday
20 May 1795
2 Thursday
21 May 1795
3 Friday
22 May 1795
4 Saturday
23 May 1795
5 Sunday
24 May 1795
6 Monday
25 May 1795
7 Tuesday
26 May 1795
8 Wednesday
27 May 1795
9 Thursday
28 May 1795
10 Friday
29 May 1795
décade 26
11 Saturday
30 May 1795
12 Sunday
31 May 1795
13 Monday
1 June 1795
14 Tuesday
2 June 1795
15 Wednesday
3 June 1795
16 Thursday
4 June 1795
17 Friday
5 June 1795
18 Saturday
6 June 1795
19 Sunday
7 June 1795
20 Monday
8 June 1795
décade 27
21 Tuesday
9 June 1795
22 Wednesday
10 June 1795
23 Thursday
11 June 1795
24 Friday
12 June 1795
25 Saturday
13 June 1795
26 Sunday
14 June 1795
27 Monday
15 June 1795
28 Tuesday
16 June 1795
29 Wednesday
17 June 1795
30 Thursday
18 June 1795
10 h
8:69:90
Prairial
20:52:40
24 h


Day name table[edit]

Like all FRC months, Prairial lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi).

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Luserne (Lucerne) 11. Fraise (Strawberry) 21. Barbeau (Cornflower)
Duodi 2. Hémérocalle (Daylily) 12. Bétoine (Betony) 22. Camomille (Chamomile)
Tridi 3. Trèfle (Clover) 13. Pois (Pea) 23. Chèvrefeuille (Honeysuckle)
Quartidi 4. Angélique (Angelica) 14. Acacia (Acacia) 24. Caille lait (Bedstraw)
Quintidi 5. Canard (Duck) 15. Caille (Quail) 25. Tanche (Tench)
Sextidi 6. Mélisse (Melissa) 16. Œillet (Pink) 26. Jasmin (Jasmine)
Septidi 7. Fromental (Oat Grass) 17. Sureau (Elder) 27. Verveine (Vervain)
Octidi 8. Martagon (Martagon Lily) 18. Pavot (Poppy) 28. Thym (Thyme)
Nonidi 9. Serpolet (Wild Thyme) 19. Tilleul (Lime Tree) 29. Pivoine (Peony)
Decadi 10. Faulx (Scythe) 20. Fourche (Pitchfork) 30. Chariot (Cart)

Conversion table[edit]

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Prairial"
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
May 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 June
VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
May 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 June

External links[edit]