Prairie County, Arkansas
|Prairie County, Arkansas|
Prairie County Courthouse
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||October 25, 1846|
|Seat||Des Arc, De Valls Bluff|
|Largest city||Des Arc|
|• Total||675.76 sq mi (1,750 km2)|
|• Land||645.93 sq mi (1,673 km2)|
|• Water||29.83 sq mi (77 km2), 4.41%|
|• Density||13/sq mi (5.21/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Prairie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2010, the population is 8,715. The county has two county seats, Des Arc and De Valls Bluff. Prairie County was formed on October 25, 1846, and named for the Grand Prairie of eastern Arkansas.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 675.76 square miles (1,750.2 km2), of which 645.93 square miles (1,673.0 km2) (or 95.59%) is land and 29.83 square miles (77.3 km2) (or 4.41%) is water.
- Interstate 40
- U.S. Highway 70
- U.S. Highway 79
- Highway 11
- Highway 13
- Highway 33
- Highway 38
- Highway 86
- Highway 249
- Highway 302
- Highway 323
- Highway 343
- White County (north)
- Woodruff County (northeast)
- Monroe County (east)
- Arkansas County (south)
- Lonoke County (west)
National protected area
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,539 people, 3,894 households, and 2,795 families residing in the county. The population density was 6/km² (15/mi²). There were 4,790 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (7/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.83% White, 13.71% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,894 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,990, and the median income for a family was $36,131. Males had a median income of $28,413 versus $18,808 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,907. About 12.20% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.00% of those under age 18 and 16.80% of those age 65 or over.
The county was at first land given to Cherokee Indian settlers from Tennessee and was formerly the Western band of Cherokee Reservation from 1812 to 1836. Today, an estimated 2,000 residents have some degree of American Indian ancestry.
The town of Fredonia (Biscoe) was named for the failed movement for a Republic of Fredonia by Arkansas Cherokee and American Texan settlers in Mexican Texas in 1826. Another town, De Valls Bluff, had the tribal seat office, and is now one of the county seats.
Stern's Medlar, a previously unknown plant species, was discovered in Prairie County in 1990, and is not known to grow anywhere else. It is critically endangered, with only 25 known specimens, all growing within a single small wood, now protected as the Konecny Grove Natural Area.
Cities and towns
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Prairie County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. 
- Des Arc
- Hazen (Hazen)
- Hickory Plain
- Lower Surrounded Hill (Fredonia (Biscoe))
- Roc Roe (Ulm)
- Upper Surrounded Hill
- Watersaw (De Valls Bluff)
- White River (Des Arc)
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Eastern Arkansas, (Chicago: Goodspeed Publishers, 1890).
- US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Prairie County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05117_prairie/BAS11C20511700000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110824.
||White County||Woodruff County|
|Lonoke County||Monroe County|