Praise of the Two Lands (ship)

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The Khufu ship, at 43.6 m, is similar in size to the Praise of the Two Lands.

"Praise of the Two Lands", appearing in an inscription (c. 2613 BCE) of boat building projects of Egyptian pharaoh Sneferu, is the first reference to a ship bearing a name.[1]

Description[edit]

Palermo stone inscribed with part of Sneferu's register at the top.

The large Egyptian vessel, built by the pharaoh Sneferu, was about 100 cubits (just over 50 m) long and made of cedar wood.[2] Ancient Egypt was treeless, generally speaking, and domestic wood was very rare. The earliest boats on the Nile were assembled of bundled reeds lashed together, the two sḥn ("armloads") of the Pyramid Texts.[3] The earliest written record of international trade of timber is from the Palermo Stone where Sneferu imports cedar from Phoenicia (now Lebanon), Bringing forty ships filled [with] cedar logs. Shipbuilding [of] cedar wood, one ship, 100 cubits [long]...[4]

During ancient times, "name devices" for ships typically were of gods/goddesses of the city in which it came from or the name of the guardian deity. Typically called a parasemon or episemon, it was the ship's name and often indicated the hope for good luck at sea.[5]

Many times an ancient Egyptian ship was named after the pharaoh and one of his virtues. For example, the ship of Amenhotep II, who reigned 1427 BCE to 1400 BCE, was called, Amenhotep II who made strong the Two Lands.[6] This ship was built some 1200 years after Sneferu's, Praise of the Two Lands, which is the earliest known ship name.[7][8] The "Two Lands" referred to here are Upper (southern) Egypt upriver and Lower (northern) Egypt at the delta entering the Mediterranean Sea, and was a place name.[9] The name of Sneferu's ship Praise of the Two Lands had political implications.[10] The name is believed to have signified the unity between the lands of Upper and Lower Egypt.[11]

In Sneferu's time of ancient Egypt it is not known if the name of the ship (i.e. Praise of the Two Lands) was put on its side as is done today so others could see the letters. It is likely that a bold mark was used instead since there were no telescopes that could be used from shore or another ship. The special mark would be the means of identification.[12]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Anzovin, item # 5393, page 385 Reference to a ship with a name appears in an inscription of 2613 BCE that recounts the shipbuilding achievements of the fourth-dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Sneferu. He was recorded as the builder of a cedarwood vessel called "Praise of the Two Lands."
  2. ^ Developments in ship financing in Australasia
  3. ^ J.H. Breasted, "The Earliest Boats on the Nile" The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 4.2/3 (April - July 1917), pp. 174-176.
  4. ^ Meyers, pp. 347-349
  5. ^ Sperber, p. 90
  6. ^ Casson, p. 348
  7. ^ Spectre, p. 227
  8. ^ Kennedy, p. 1
  9. ^ Williams, p. 103
  10. ^ Kennedy, p. 14
  11. ^ Clary, James, Superstitions of the Sea
  12. ^ Casson, p. 345

Sources[edit]

  • Anzovin, Steven et al., Famous First Facts (International Edition), H. W. Wilson Company, 2000, ISBN 0-8242-0958-3
  • Casson, Lionel, Ships and seamanship in the ancient world, JHU Press, 1995, ISBN 0-8018-5130-0
  • Kennedy, Don H. et al., Ship names: origins and usages during 45 centuries, published for Mariners Museum by University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1974, ISBN 0-8139-0531-1
  • Meyers, Eric M., Wood, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997, ISBN 0-19-511218-0
  • Spectre, Peter H., A Mariner's Miscellany, Sheridan House, Inc., 2005, ISBN 1-57409-195-6
  • Sperber, Daniel, Nautica Talmudica, Brill Archive, 1986, ISBN 90-04-08249-2
  • Williams, Robert H., Joyful Trek, Texas Tech University Press, 1996, ISBN 0-89672-356-9

Further reading[edit]

  • Clary, James, Superstitions of the Sea: A Digest of Beliefs, Custom and Mystery, Maritime History in Art, 1994, ISBN 0-916637-00-X