Prana pratistha is the Hindu theological term for a rite or ceremony by which a deity is infused or brought to inhabit a murti or icon of that deity. According to Gavin Flood, "A ritual of consecration in which the consciousness or power of the deity is brought into the image awakens the icon in a temple." According to orthodox Hinduism it is only after this rite is properly performed that worship should be offered to the murti.
The Sanskrit word pratiṣṭhā, which in general usage means "resting" or "position", used in connection with a murti is translated by Apte as "the consecration of an idol or image". The corresponding adjective pratiṣṭha means "installed" or "consecrated". A special type of consecration is used for festival icons (Sanskrit: utsava vigraha) for the purpose of parading the deity for the community to receive the vision (Sanskrit: darśaṇa) of the deity.
ॐ Asya Sri Prana Pratishtha Mantrasya Bramha-Vishnu-Maheshwara Hrashya| Hragyaju:Samartharwanichandasi| Parapranashaktirdevata| Aam Beejam| Hrim Shakthi: Kron Kilakam| ॐ Sri__ (God/Goddess Name)__ Pranapratishthapane winiyoga:|| (with chanting this mantra keep your right hand touching to Idol Heart or Legs) ॐ Aam Hrim Krom| Aum Yam Rum Lum Wam Shum Sum Hum Lum Kshum Aah:| Krom Hrim Aam| Hamsa: Soohum| Aasyam Murthau Pran Eeha Prana:| ॐ Aam Hrim Krom| Aum Yam Rum Lum wam Shań Shaḿ Sun Hun Lum Ksham Aah: Krom Hrim Aam| Humsa: Sooham| ॐ Sri__ (God/Goddess Name)__ Tasya Jeeva Eeha Sthita:| ॐ Aam Hrim Krom| ॐ Aam Hrim Krom| ॐ Aam Hrim Krom| Aum Yam Rum Lum wam Shań Shaḿ Sun Hun Lum Ksham Aah: Krom Hrim Aam| Humsa: Sooham| ॐ Sri__ (God/Goddess Name)__ Sarvendriyani| Waangmanastwaka Chaksu:Shrota Jivhaghran PaNipada Payupasthani Haiwagatya Sukham Chiran Tishtantu Swaha| ॐ Asunite Punarassmasu Chaksu: Pun: Pranamiha No Dhehi Bhogam| Jyok Pashyem Surya Mucchyarantamanumate MruLya Na: Swasti| ॐ Chatwari Wak Parimeeta Padani Tani Vidur Bramhana a ManishiNa:| Guha Trininihita Nengayanti Turiyum Wacho ManushYA Wadanti| Garbhadhanadi Panchadasga Samskara Sidyarthum Panchadashapranavavruthihi: Karishye ॐ| (after chant this mantra leave some water in the plate in front of you and again chant the mantra "ॐ" up to 15 times louder then recite the following Mantra:)
ॐ Raktambhodhistha Potollasadrunasaroojadhiruda Karabjai:| Pasham Kodandamekshudbhava Gunmapyamkushum PanchabaNan| BibhraNashrukpaaltrinayanalasitapeen WakshoruhaDhya | Devi BalakarvarNa Bhavatu Sukhakari Prana Shakti Para Na:| Tatchakshurdevahitam Shukramuccha Pashyam Sharad: Shatam Jiwem Sharad: Shatam | Eeti Mantrena Devasya Aajyennenmilanam Krutwa (after chanting this mantra take one flower dip in to the ghee and apply the both eyes of the god or goddess complete)
ॐ Sri__ (God/Goddess Name)__ Namah: | Gandha Pushpam Samarpayami | (With this mantra for God or Goddess apply the sandelwood paste to the fore head, Offer the flowers and Tulsi / Bilwa Patra as required) ॐ Sri__ (God/Goddess Name)__ Namah: | Dhupam Deepam Naivedyam Samarpayami (We chant this mantra for God or Goddess show the agarbathi and Gingel Oil Lamps. As well as show the milk and sugar naiwedyam for god) ॐ Sri__ (God/Goddess Name)__ Namah:| Mukhawasarthe Poogiphalatambulam Suwarnanishkriya Dakshinam Mantra pushpamch: Samarpayami (we chant this mantra offer the god betel leaves with ingredients of betel, betel leaves, piece of turmeric, almond, piece of dry coconut and dry dates. And as well as offer some flower and dakshina (offering some money) to the God of Goddess.
After this all procedure your idol is fulfill of positive power of God or Goddess.
- For quotation on the effect of consecration see: Flood (2003), p. 7.
- For "the consecration of an idol or image" for pratiṣṭhā see: Apte, p. 653, column 1, meaning 13.
- For the meaning of pratiṣṭha as installed or consecrated see: Apte, p. 653, column 2, meaning 4.
- For technical term utsava vigraha for consecration of festival icons, and role in providing darśaṇa see: Flood (2003), p. 7.
- For añjana śalākā, the "eye-opening" rite, see: Cort, John E. "Overview of the Jain Purāṇas", in: Doniger, p. 197.
- Apte, Vaman Shivram (1965). The Practical Sanskrit Dictionary. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. ISBN 81-208-0567-4. (Fourth revised and enlarged edition).
- Doniger, Wendy (editor) (1993). Purāṇa Perennis: Reciprocity and Transformation in Hindu and Jaina Texts. Albany, New York: State University of New York. ISBN 0-7914-1382-9.
- Flood, Gavin (Editor) (2003). The Blackwell Companion to Hinduism. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-4051-3251-5.