Praskovia Saltykova

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Praskovia Saltykova
Praskovia nikitin.JPG
Portrait by Ivan Nikitin
Tsaritsa consort of All Russia
Tenure 9 January 1684 – 8 February 1696
Spouse Ivan V
Issue Tsarevna Maria Ivanovna
Tsarevna Feodosia Ivanovna
Tsarevna Catherine Ivanovna
Anna of Russia
Tsarevna Praskovia Ivanovna
Full name
Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
House House of Romanov
Father Fyodor Petrovich Saltykov
Mother Anna Mikhailovna Tatishcheva
Born 12 October 1664
Died 13 October 1723(1723-10-13) (aged 59)
Saint Petersburg
Religion Eastern Orthodox

Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova (Russian: Прасковья Фёдоровна Салтыкова) (12 October 1664 – 13 October 1723) was the tsaritsa of Russia as the only wife of Ivan V of Russia. She was the mother of Empress Anna of Russia. She played an important part as the most senior female of the Russian court in 1698–1712.

Biography[edit]

She was daughter of Fyodor Petrovich Saltykov and Anna Mikhailovna Tatishcheva, and was chosen as a bride for Tsar Ivan in the traditional way by selection from a parade before him: the last time this method was used to choose a tsarina in Russia. Ivan V and Praskovia had five daughters. One of them — Anna Ivanovna — would assume the throne in 1730. Another daughter, Catherina, was mother of regent of Russia Anna Leopoldovna.

Following Ivan V's death, Praskovia began a long affair with the boyar Vassili Yushkov, whom Peter I accepted as a member of his sister's household. Peter's daughters Elizabeth (future empress) and Anna (mother of future emperor, Peter III) were also educated at Praskovia's court.

Praskovia Fyodorovna lived as a dowager tsarina for a long time after her husband's death in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. She had great respect for her brother-in-law emperor Peter I for whom she held an open court in her palace, as Peter had no legal wife at that time, for which reason there was no place to welcome foreign guests: she thereby functioned as the first lady of the Russian court. Although raised in the old Russian culture, she understood the need for reformation, and hosted her court, as well as raised her daughters, in a modern Western way, which made her well regarded by Peter the Great.

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This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
Praskovia Saltykova
Born: 12 October 1664 Died: 13 October 1723
Russian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Marfa Apraksina
Tsaritsa consort of Russia
1684–1696
Vacant
Title next held by
Eudoxia Lopukhina