Pratapgarh district, Uttar Pradesh
پرتاپ گڑھ ضلع
|District of Uttar Pradesh|
|Headquarters||Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh|
|Tehsils||Raniganj, Kunda, Lalganj,Patti, Sadar|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Pratapgarh|
|• Assembly seats||Raniganj, Kunda, Vishwanathganj, Sadar, Rampur|
|• Total||3,717 km2 (1,435 sq mi)|
|• Density||850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||73.1 per cent|
|Major highways||NH-96, NH-236|
Pratapgarh district (Hindi: प्रतापगढ़ ज़िला, Urdu: پرتاپ گڑھ ضلع) is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Pratapgarh town is the district headquarters. Pratapgarh district is a part of Allahabad division. Pratapgarh district, lies between 25° 34' and 26° 11' latitudes while between 81° 19' and 82° 27' longitudes. Pratapgarh is primarily an agrarian district, and is a leading producer of aonla fruit. Pratapgarh is on the Allahabad-Faizabad main road at a distance of 39 km from Sultanpur and 61 km from Allahabad. It is one of the older districts of Uttar Pradesh, that came into existence in the year 1858. It is at a height of 137 m from sea level.
The district that forms a part of Faizabad Division is named after its headquarters town Bela Pratabgarh, commonly known as Pratapgarh. Soel Uddin is Pratap man, a raja of the locality who flourished in the 17th century, fixed his headquarters at Rampur near old town of Aror. There he built a garh (fort) and called it Pratabgarh after his own name (1617). Subsequently the locality around the fort came to be known as Pratapgarh Soel Uddin. When the district was constituted in 1858 its headquarters was established at Bela which came to be known as Bela Pratapgarh, the name Bela presumably being derived from the temple of Bela Bhawani on the bank of river Sai. Bhayaharan Nath Dham, katra gulab singh & Haudeshwar Nath dham (Shivaji Temple) is one of the famous temples in Pratapgarh. Near Kunda Tahseel is a second temple in Agni village famous as Durga Bhavani. Although the city is too old, but it is too behind in the field of education, technology, sport and science. There is not a single university and there is a stadium to play for children, there is not a single mall in the whole city. And five English medium schools are opened in recent years. The city is well known for its literacy and well mannered people.[clarification needed]
Several human skeletons along some animal bones and a number of a small stones implements, belonging probably to the Neolithic, have been unearthed in Archaeological exploration at Sarai Nahar in Kunda Tehsil. It is the only site in the entire valley of the Ganges which has yielded human skeleton of such an early age as also the Stone Age implements. On the left bank of river Sai there stand a ruined "Kot" representing a Buddhist Stupa.
It is also known as "Rajao ka Garh".
Till now there are many villages who has been not connected with roads and not given supply of electricity properly, though there are several scheme given by government to develop the rural area. In education field it is too poor there is not even single proper collage to complete the children graduation in any field.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Pratapgarh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Pratapgarh district, Uttar Pradesh has a population of 3,173,752, roughly equal to the nation of Mongolia or the US state of Iowa. This gives it a ranking of 109th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 854 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,210 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.2%. Pratapgarh has a sex ratio of 994 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.1%.
- Munishwar Datt Upadhyay (1898-1983), statesman, leader in the Indian independence movement, educationist and the first Member of Parliament from Pratapgarh
- Raja Bajrang Bahadur Singh, founder vice chancellor of Plant Nagar University and later the first Government of Himanchal Pradesh state of India
- Dinesh Singh (1925-1995), Deputy Minister in the ministry of external affairs and served as a member of parliament
- Babu Gulab Singh (died 1857), Indian Freedom Fighter, participated and sacrificed in the war of Indian Rebellion of 1857
- Harivansh Rai Bachchan (1907-2003) poet and professor of Allahabad University, best known for his early work Madhushala; father of Bollywood star Amitabh Bachchan
- Raghuraj Pratap Singh (born 1969) known as Raja Bhaiya, politician, independent member of legislative assembly and MLA of Pratapgarh district Uttar Pradesh
- Jagadguru Kripalu Maharaj (born 1922), Hindu spiritual leader and saint from Mangarh, Pratapgarh
- Anupam Shyam Ojha (born 1957), film and television actor, who usually plays villainous role on international films set in India
- Shweta Tiwari (born 1980), Bollywood and Bhojpuri film actress and winner of the fourth season of the reality show Bigg Boss
- Rajkumari Ratna Singh (born 1959), politician from Indian National Congress Party, member of parliament.
- Pramod Tiwari (born 1956), senior leader of Congress Party and current MLA from (Rampur Khas) Pratapgarh,Uttar Pradesh.
- Ravi Tripathi, playback singer, Indian Idol 2 finalist and the only Indian artist to have performed at the closing ceremony of Asian Games 2010 held in Guangzhou
- Vaibhav Mishra, 1st rank Upper-Subordinate-Services-Exam, UPPCS 2008 He is only person who achieve the first rank in Upper-Subordinate-Services-Exam2008 from Pratapgarh,he also got 3rd rank in Uttaranchal.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Mongolia 3,133,318 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Iowa 3,046,355"
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
||Rae Bareli district||Sultanpur district|
|Kaushambi district||Allahabad district|