Pratyangira

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"Narashimhika", "Prathyangira" and "Atharvana Bhadrakali" redirect here.
Not to be confused with Narasimhi.
Prathyangira
Goddess of Victory
Pratyangira 2014-02-25 09-47.JPG
A depiction of Prathyangira
Tamil script பிரத்யங்கிரா
Sanskrit प्रत्यङ्गिरा
Affiliation Devi, Associated with Shakti
Weapon Trishula (trident), Shankha (conch shell), Chakra (discus), Gada (mace)
Consort Sarabeswara
Mount Simha (lion)
Texts Atharvaveda

Pratyangira (Sanskrit: प्रत्यङ्गिरा; Prātyangira, IPA: / 'Pratyangira/) or sometimes called Prathyangira, Narasimhi or Narashimhika, is a Hindu Goddess associated with Shakti, the Hindu concept of eternal energy. She is described as a goddess with a lioness's face and a human body. This combination of lion and human forms represents the balance of good and evil.

In Hindu mythology, Prathyangira is a fusion of Vishnu, Durga, Kali, and Narasimha.

Etymology[edit]

Just as with Narasimha, 'Naran' means human and 'Simha' means lion. The goddess's alternative name is Atharvana Bhadrakali, identified in the Atharvaveda with Kali.

Appearance[edit]

Prathyangira is a devi but also has a lion face, usually many arms, and many legs in legends and depictions. She also appears sometimes blue. Here is a list of facial features and appearance details:

  • Lion face: Prathyangira's lion face usually protects the good from evil.
  • Thousand heads: Making the evil fearful; Making the good protected.
  • Ayudha: Ayudha means weapon in Sanskrit, so she has a thousand weapons in her hands.
  • Two thousand hands: In Hinduism, Prathyangira usually has two thousand hands or arms holding weapons.

Origin legends[edit]

As told in Markandeya Purana: In the beginning of the Satya yuga, the Lord Narasimha, an avatar of Vishnu, killed the unruly King Hiranyakashipu by tearing up his body and drinking his blood. Because of the anger in Hiranyakashipu's body and the malicious effects of human blood, Narasimha was drunk on rage and could not be stopped. To calm him down with the power of compassion, Lord Shiva came down as Sarabeswara, a bird-animal-human hybrid. Upon seeing this, Lord Narasimha created Gandaberunda, a two headed-bird that was Sarabeswara's opposite. Upon seeing this, Sarabeshwara turned into Bhairava (Shiva's fierce form) and created the godddess Prathyangira from his third eye. They praised her as she calmed Narasimha down by sitting on his lap.

Another legend states that in ancient times two rishis (seers), Prathiyangira and Angiras were meditating and through a root mantra, discovered a nameless goddess. Later she honoured the rishis by naming herself after them and hence, she was called as Prathiyangira Devi.

According to the Narasimha Purana, Lord Narsimha was very angry after killing Hiranyakashyupu. He set on Hiranyakashyupu's sinhasana. Brahma and Laxmiji were afraid to go towards Narsimha so Brahmaji sent Prahlad towards Narsimha. Prahlad set on Lord Narsimha's lap. Prahlad is the one who calmed lord Narsimha.This is the widely accepted version.

Lord Shiva worshipped Laxmi. Then, she made Sarabha Pakshi become Lord Sarabeswara. Then, Prathyangira came as she was flying in the sky. Her form was powerful, she was bigger than the other gods and goddesses. Her head was above the whole sky and her feet well into the down from a far distance, she had a thousand faces of lions, 2,000 eyes and possibly 2,000 hands with multiple weapons and a thousand tongues.

It is believed her creation came with thunder and lightning and as soon as Narasimha Swami saw her huge figure, he realized the mission of his Avataram and calmed immediately. In her potri malai she is beautifully described as "Sarabeshan Rekkaiyaal Vandhavale Potri, Seeriya Simha mugam etravale Potri, Narasimhan Ugiram Thaniththavale Potri, Engal Annai Sri Prathyangira Potri".

In Hindu Epics[edit]

Prathyangira is also mentioned in the Hindu epic Ramayana. Indrajit was performing "Nikumbala yaga" (a sacred ritual to worship Prathyangira) [1]while Rama and his soldiers were waging war in Lanka. Hanuman came down to stop this ritual because he knew that if Indrajit completed it, he would become invincible.

Beliefs and worship[edit]

Prathyangira is primarily conceived of as a protective, fierce goddess capable of extreme rage and destruction in order to defeat evil. She is considered to be a powerful

The Pratyangira yantra.

guardian against the effects of black magic, and also a bestower of many boons. It is believed that when Narashimhika shakes her mane, she sends the stars into disarray. In Sri Chakra worship, she protects her devotees against all odds and guides them along the right path. She is enveloped as bliss in the letter "Ksham".

Hindus also do a hard penance and believe they will have dreams of Prathyangira in the heavens after they have worshipped Prathyangira.

Pratyangira is considered as the ultimate force in the Universe to destroy Tamas and restore Sattva. When a highly Sattvic force is deeply agitated due to battle against a highly Tamasic force, Pratyangira can be invoked as a weapon to subdue and utterly destroy the Tamasic force and restore Sattva. Pratyangira is not a "bali kaavar deivam" or a deity that demands offerings of flesh, even though She is an extraordinarily fierce manifestation (ugra devata) of Mata Shakti

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sri Maha Pratyangira Devi: The Goddess to Counter Black Magic". Indiadivine.org. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  1. http://www.astrologypredict.com/special-category.page=Pratyangira
  2. http://ekatvam.org/about-ekatvam/sri-maha-pratyangira-devi.html
  3. http://shaktisadhana.50megs.com/Newhomepage/shakti/SriMahaPratyangira.html

Temples[edit]

SRI PRATYANGIRA DEVI TEMPLE BANGALORE: situated in Asir kanna street,opp lavanya theatre, St.John's rd, [Bangalore]-42 Ph:9845016365,9448010290

External links[edit]