Pratt's Mill, Crowborough

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Crowborough Windmill
Crowborough Pratt's 1905.jpg
The mill c1905
Origin
Mill name Pratt's Mill
Grid reference TQ 518 311
Coordinates 51°03′32″N 0°09′54″E / 51.059°N 0.165°E / 51.059; 0.165Coordinates: 51°03′32″N 0°09′54″E / 51.059°N 0.165°E / 51.059; 0.165
Operator(s) Private
Year built 1862
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Tower
Storeys Five storeys
Number of sails Four sails
Type of sails Patent sails
Winding Fantail
Number of pairs of millstones Three pairs
Year lost Truncated 1927

Pratt's Mill is a tower mill at Crowborough, Sussex, England which has been truncated and converted to residential accommodation.

History[edit]

Pratt's Mill was built between September 1861 and February 1862.[1] The machinery from Calverley Mill, Tunbridge Wells was used in the construction of the mill. On 3 February 1862 the son of the miller was killed when he became entangled in the machinery. The mill was working by wind until 1907 and then by steam until 1922. Frank Brangwyn, RA painted the mill when it was without sails and fantail. The picture appears in an early book on windmills.[2] In 1927 the mill was converted into residential accommodation, being reduced in height to three storeys.[3]

Description[edit]

For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

As built, Pratt's Mill was a five-storey brick tower mill clad in peg tiles. It had four Patent sails and the Kentish-style cap was winded by a fantail. All that remains today is the lower three storeys of the tower, with various additions and extensions.[3] Hemming states that the mill may have driven three pairs of millstones.[4]

Millers[edit]

  • Richard Pratt 1861
  • Samuel Pratt 1881 - 1891

References for above:-[3][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Old Crowborough Windmill". The Weald. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  2. ^ Preston, Hayter and Brangwyn, Frank (1923). Windmills. London: The Bodley Head Limited. pp. p109–112. 
  3. ^ a b c Brunnarius, Martin (1979). The Windmills of Sussex. Chichester: Philimore. pp. p130, 196. ISBN 0-85033-345-8. 
  4. ^ Windmills in Sussex, p105-106
  5. ^ "Crowborough Tower Mill". The Weald. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Hemming, Peter (1936). Windmills in Sussex. London: C W Daniel.  Online version