|Pravin Togadia, 2008|
Amreli, Gujarat, India
|Political party||Vishva Hindu Parishad|
|Profession||Activist Social Work Oncologist (Cancer Surgeon)|
Pravin Togadia was born in 1956. He moved to Ahmedabad at age 10 and joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) soon after. He received a bachelor's degree (MBBS) in medicine followed by a master's degree (MS) in surgical oncology. He practised as a surgeon for fourteen years, and established a small hospital, Dhanvantri Hospital, in Ahmedabad.
He gave up practising medicine to become more involved in Hindu activism.[when?]
Praveen Togadia was an RSS swayamsevak in Ahmedabad, and a colleague of Narendra Modi. He was drafted into VHP in 1983 and Modi was drafted into the BJP in 1984. The two remained colleagues during the rise of BJP to power in 1995. When Shankersinh Vaghela fell out with BJP and became a Chief Minister with the help of the Indian National Congress party, he imprisoned Togadia for an alleged assault on BJP politicians. Modi campaigned for his release. Soon afterwards, Togadia was appointed as the General Secretary of the VHP at the national level. However, he continued to be active in Gujarat. Express India credits his legacy in Gujarat for "bearing fruit" in the 2002 Gujarat riots.
When Modi was banished to Delhi by Keshubhai Patel, Togadia provided him support in Gujarat. Modi was eventually installed as the Chief Minister in 2001, with strong support from Togadia. In return for his support, Modi is said to have inducted Gordhan Zadafia, Togadia's "right hand man" in VHP, as the Minister of State for Home. Togadia hailed the Modi Government as the start of the "Hindu Rashtra". In January 2002, he asked Hindus to cut all relations with Muslims. Through Zadafia, Togadia had an inside track into Modi's first government and had a substantial say in the postings of police officers in Gujarat. This enabled VHP and Bajrang Dal to orchestrate saffron terror during the 2002 Gujarat riots. Police officers such as Rahul Sharma that did not fall into line were transferred. Togadia and VHP/BJP activists also interfered with the treatment of victims in hospitals, telling doctors whom to treat and whom to turn away. Togadia hailed the conduct of the riots as the "Hindutva laboratory" and said that it will be replicated in Delhi. "A Hindu Rashtra can be expected in the next two years... We will change India's history and Pakistan's geography by then," he said. In the December 2002 elections to the Gujarat Assembly, Togadia campaigned for BJP enthusiastically, addressing more than 100 rallies.
After the December 2002 elections, however, Modi dropped Zadafia from his council of ministers, signaling to Togadia that his interference in government would not be welcome. Modi's biographer Andy Marino states that, while Modi took the blame for the 2002 riots, he knew the culpability of Togadia and the VHP. Togadia is reported to have complained after the elections that Modi was garnering all the "credit" for the riots whereas it was his men that did all the killing. During his second term of office, Modi took action against VHP interests and activists, both out of his own initiative as well as due to pressure from the Supreme court. Togadia in turn ridiculed Modi's efforts to reach out to Muslims through his sadbhavana initiatives. The influence of Togadia and the VHP in Gujarat fell steeply.
Gordhan Zadaphia subsequently floated a new political party, Mahagujarat Janata Party (MJP) during the 2007 assembly elections in Gujarat, later merged into the Gujarat Parivartan Party (GPP) of former chief minister Keshubhai Patel. During the 2012 assembly elections, Togadia and VHP activists campaigned hard for the Gujarat Parivartan Party against the BJP. Despite all efforts, Zadaphia and his whole team lost the 2012 elections. The VHP support for Zadafia ended up strengthening Narendra Modi's anti-hardline Hindutva image.
In October 2003, Ashok Singhal signalled his retirement due to ill health and Togadia was informally appointed as the leader of VHP. The formal appointment as the International Working President (the top executive position) was made in 2011.
Togadia is frequently noted for making inflammatory speeches and holding trishul deeksha (trident distribution) ceremonies for VHP and Bajrang Dal activists. In April 2010, he launched the Hindu Helpline network, which is reported to have grown to 50 cities by August 2014.
Togadia was arrested in April 2003 after distributing tridents to Bajrang Dal activists in Ajmer, in a ceremony termed "trishul deeksha," defying a state government ban. He was released on bail on the condition that he would not distribute tridents. However, he continued to distribute them in other states.
As of August 2013, Togadia had faced 19 criminal cases for making hate speeches, the maximum number of such cases for any one in the country. He was arrested in August 2013 from Ayodhya along with other VHP leaders by the Uttar Pradesh Police before the planned 'Chaurasi Kosi Parikrama Yatra' that was banned over fears of communal flareup.
In April 2014, a First Information Report was registered against Togadia in Bhavnagar after an alleged hate speech instructing Hindus to evict Muslims from their neighbourhoods. Since the statements were made in the midst of general elections, when the 'model code of conduct' was in force, the Election Commission directed the district administration to take action. Togadia denied having made such statements and RSS spkesperson Ram Madhav backed him, stating "No swayamsevak thinks on such divisive lines. They think of all people as one. One people, one nation." However, video recordings of his speech were soon aired on television channels. Narendra Modi disapproved the statements on Twitter, calling them "petty statements by those claiming to be BJP's well wishers." In June 2014, a local court ordered the police to submit an 'action taken' report for the case.
- "Pravin Togadia attacks Gujarat govt, shows sympathy for Keshubhai". DeshGujarat. 5 Aug 2012. Retrieved 2014-09-01.
- "Profiles of new committee, Dec 2011". Vishva Hindu Parishad. Retrieved 2014-09-01.
- "India – Togadia may be deprived of medical degree". The Milli Gazette. 28 May 2004. Retrieved 2013-02-09.
- "History of how Modi and Togadia fell out". Times of India. 22 Apr 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
- "Band of Brothers". Express India. 17 Mar 2002. Retrieved 2014-09-03.
- Bunsha 2005, p. 42.
- Bunsha 2005, p. 55.
- Bunsha 2005, p. 94.
- Bunsha 2005, pp. 12,25.
- Nag 2013, p. 13.
- Marino 2014, p. 165.
- Sanjay Singh (2 Apr 2013). "How Modi cut Togadia down to size in Gujarat". Firstpost. Retrieved 28 Aug 2014.
- Ajay Jha (25 Oct 2003). "Togadia to take over as VHP chief". Gulf News.
- "Togadia to head Viswa Hindu Parishad". rediff.com. 23 Oct 2003. Retrieved 27 Aug 2014.
- "Togadia new Working President, Raghav Reddy new President". Desh Gujarat. 18 Dec 2011. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
- "For 'distressed' Hindus, VHP helpline is just a call away". The Economic Times. 9 Aug 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
- "Togadia defies ban, distributes tridents". The Hindu. 14 April 2003. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
- "Togadia slams PM on Pak". The Tribune. 5 May 2003. Retrieved 2014-09-01.
- "Maximum hate speech cases against Pravin Togadia, Owaisi faces 11 such cases: MHA". The Economic Times. 23 Apr 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- "Praveen Togadia, Ashok Singhal among 1,700 arrested VHP inagurates yatra". dna. 25 August 2013.
- "FIR filed against Togadia for his 'hate speech'". NDTV. 22 April 2014.
- "Furore after VHP leader Togadia warns Muslims against buying properties in 'Hindu areas'". hindustantimes. 21 April 2014.
- "Pravin Togadia under fire for hate-speech, RSS says he didn’t say that". Indian Express. 21 Apr 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-01.
- "Narendra Modi raps VHP's Pravin Togadia for alleged hate speech: 10 developments". NDTV. 22 Apr 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-01.
- "Togadia hate speech: Court tells police to submit action taken report". Firstpost. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-01.
- Bunsha, Dionne (2005). Scarred: Experiments With Violence In Gujarat. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-400076-0.
- Katju, Manjari (2013). Vishva Hindu Parishad and Indian Politics. Orient Blackswan. ISBN 81-250-2476-X.
- Kumar, Praveen (2011). Communal Crimes and National Integration: A Socio-Legal Study. Readworthy Publications. ISBN 93-5018-040-5.
- Marino, Andy (2014). Narendra Modi: A Political Biography. HarperCollins Publishers India. ISBN 978-93-5136-217-3.