Prešeren Square

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A view of the square from the end of Čop Street (2005). The Prešeren Monument stands at the eastern side of the square. There are three birches behind it. The building to the left is the Central Pharmacy. In the back, the Ljubljanica flows past the square.

Prešeren Square (Slovene: Prešernov trg) is the central square in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. It is part of the old town's pedestrian zone and a major meeting point, where festivals, Ljubljana carnival, concerts, sports, political, and protest events take place. It was renovated in 2007.[1][2]

Location[edit]

Located in front of the medieval town's entrance, the square is a funnel-shaped hub of streets that run from it into different directions.

To the south, across the Triple Bridge (Tromostovje), it is connected to Stritar Street (Stritarjeva ulica) which leads through a symbolic town gate formed by Kresija and Philip Mansion towards the city's town hall at the foothills of Ljubljana Castle Hill.

Prešeren Square viewed from Ljubljana Castle

Northwest it is connected to the Čop Street (Čopova ulica), which leads towards Ljubljana main post office and the Nama department store.

To the north, the Miklošič Street (Miklošičeva cesta) runs past a number of notable Secessionist buildings beginning with the Urbanc House, towards the Ljubljana railway station.

To the west, the Wolf Street (Wolfova ulica) leads past the Mayer department store presently housing an office of Bank Austria and an outdoor cafe, towards the Congress Square (Kongresni trg).

To the east, past the Central Pharmacy building, the picturesque Trubar Street (Trubarjeva ulica) leads towards the Dragon Bridge.

Parallel to the Ljubljanica river runs the Petkovšek Embankment towards St. Peter's Church.[3]

On the southwest, the Hribar Embankment leads upstream the Ljubljanica past Mansion Square (Dvorni trg) towards the Zois Mansion and St. James's Bridge.

History[edit]

Prešeren Square in 1856

Prešeren Square gained its current appearance in the 17th century, when the baroque-style Franciscan Church of the Annunciation was built and was first known as St. Mary's Square after the church.[4] In the 19th century, the crossroad was changed into a square and paved.[5] After the 1895 Ljubljana earthquake, architect Max Fabiani designed the square as the hub of four streets. In place of the medieval houses which were damaged by the earthquake, a number of palaces were built around it. Between Wolf Street and Čop Street stands the Hauptmann House, built in 1873 and renovated in 1904 in the Secessionist style by the architect Ciril Metod Koch. The other palaces include the Frisch House, the Seunig House, the Urbanc House, the Hauptmann house, and thirty years later, the Mayer department store.[5]

Design[edit]

In the 1980s, Edvard Ravnikar proposed the circular design and the granite block pavement, with a circle and radiant lines of Macedonian Sivec marble. There was also a proposal by Ravnikar to put a fountain to the square, but was not accepted by residents of the city.[4][6]

The monument[edit]

At the eastern side of the square, a bronze statue of the Slovene national poet France Prešeren with a muse was erected[1] in front of the Central Pharmacy.[7] The sculpture, designed by Ivan Zajec, stands on a pedestal, designed by Max Fabiani.[7] Later, three birches have been planted behind Prešeren Monument, indicating the energy centre of Ljubljana.[8] Poplars have been added in the 1930s next to the Triple Bridge, according to the plan by Jože Plečnik.[9]

In June 1991, Prešeren Square and the Prešeren Monument were declared a cultural monument.[10][11] In the same year, a bronze scale model of Ljubljana was set at the upper end of the square as a gift by the city's Urban Planning Institute.[12] It has a form of a 2.2 by 2.2 metres (7 ft 3 in by 7 ft 3 in) square.[13] It was created by a number of experts, whereas the banks around it, its pedestal, location, and coordination of work were taken care of by the architect Jadranka Grmek.[12] In 2009, a white semi-circular bank was added to the model of Ljubljana.[12]

In October 2005, the Prešeren Monument was renovated.[2]

Depictions[edit]

Prešeren Square was depicted on numerous postcards particularly at the turn of the 19th and the 20th centuries. Some of them present it at special occasions, like after the 1895 Ljubljana earthquake or at unveiling of the Prešeren Monument, whereas others present it as it was at an ordinary occasion.[14]

Since June 2008, a model of the square is displayed at Mini-Europe in Brussels on an area of 20 square metres (220 sq ft).[15]

Gallery[edit]

Prešeren Square in the morning sun (April 2011)


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Krečič, Peter (2008). Ulični prostor [Street Space] (in Slovene) (4). pp. 54–55. ISSN 1580-3880. 
  2. ^ a b Nina Caf (2008). Turizem kot del revitalizacije mestnega jedra Ljubljana. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  3. ^ Habič, Marko (1997). Petkovškovo nabrežje [The Petkovšek Embankment]. "Prestolnica Ljubljana nekoč in danes" [A Pictorial Chronicle of a Capital City]. Geopedia.si (National Publishing House of Slovenia). ISBN 86-341-2007-4. 
  4. ^ a b Mihelič, Breda (1999). "Prešernov trg v Ljubljani" [Prešeren Square in Ljubljana]. Zbornik za umetnostno zgodovino [Collection of Art History Papers] (in Slovene, with an English summary) 35: 94–131. 
  5. ^ a b "Prešernov trg" [Prešeren Square]. Geopedia.si: Znamenitosti Ljubljane (in Slovene). Municipality of Ljubljana; Synergise, d. o. o. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Ljubljana, Tromostovje". WWW.slovenia.info. Slovenian Tourist Board. Retrieved 15 May 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Šavc, Urška. "France Prešeren – slikovno gradivo" [France Prešeren – Pictorial Material]. In Šmid Hribar, Mateja; Golež, Gregor; Podjed, Dan; Kladnik, Drago; Erhartič, Bojan; Pavlin, Primož; Ines, Jerele. Enciklopedija naravne in kulturne dediščine na Slovenskem [Encyclopedia of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Slovenia] (in Slovene). Retrieved 20 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Architect Plečnik's Oeuvres". Gremo s kolesom...! [Let's Go with Bicycle...!]. City Municipality of Ljubljana; LUZ, d. d. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "Tromostovje" [Triple Bridge]. Arhitekturni vodnik [Architectural Guide] (in Slovene). Zavod Trajekt. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "385: Ljubljana - Prešernov trg" [385: Ljubljana – Prešeren Square]. Register nepremične kulturne dediščine [Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage] (in Slovene). Ministrstvo za kulturo Republike Slovenije. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "8793: Ljubljana - Spomenik Francetu Prešernu" [385: Ljubljana – A Monument to France Prešeren]. Register nepremične kulturne dediščine [Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage] (in Slovene). Ministrstvo za kulturo Republike Slovenije. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Jagodič, Stane (August 2010). "V bron odlita Ljubljana in njen občudovalec: Nagrajena fotografija Marka Paramentića" [Ljubljana Cast in Bronze and Her Admirer: The Awarded Photograph by Mark Paramentić]. Ljubljana: glasilo Mestne občine Ljubljana [Ljubljana: The Bulletin of the City Municipality of Ljubljana] (in Slovene) XV (5): 31. ISSN 1318-797X. 
  13. ^ Krušič, Marjan; Skoberne, Peter; Zupan, Gojko; Gosar, Anton; Jeršič, Matjaž; Mikuž, Janez; Jeklic, Suzana; Kaufman, Marija; Hafner, Aleš; Bitenc, Polona; Knific, Timotej (2006). Slovenija, turistični vodnik [Slovenia, the Tourist Guide]. Mladinska knjiga. p. 128. ISBN 86-11-14387-6. 
  14. ^ Tančič, Zmago. Sprehod skozi zgodovino razglednic (Ljubljana in njeni prebivalci) [A Walk through the History of Postcards (Ljubljana and its Residents)] (in Slovene). Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "Pomanjšana različica Prešernovega trga odslej tudi v Bruslju" [A Minimised Version of Prešeren Square Henceforth Also in Brussels]. Dnevnik.si (in Slovene). 25 June 2008. 

Coordinates: 46°03′05″N 14°30′21″E / 46.05139°N 14.50583°E / 46.05139; 14.50583