Pre-industrial society

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Pre-industrial society refers to social attributes and forms of political and cultural organization that were prevalent before the advent of the Industrial Revolution, which occurred from 1750 to 1850. Pre-industrial is a time before there were machines and tools to help perform tasks. Pre-industrial civilization dates back to centuries ago, but the main era known as the Pre-Industrial Society occurred right before the Industrial Society. Pre-Industrial societies vary from region to region depending on the culture of a given area or history of social and political life. Europe is known for its Feudal System and Medieval era.

Attributes of the pre-industrial societies[edit]

  • Limited production (i.e. artisanship vs. mass production)
  • Primarily an agricultural economy
  • Limited division of labor. In pre-industrial societies, production was relatively simple and the number of specialized crafts was limited.
  • Limited variation of social classes
  • ParochialismCommunications were limited between communities in pre-industrial societies. Few had the opportunity to see or hear beyond their own village. In contrast, industrial societies grew with the help of faster means of communication, having more information at hand about the world, allowing knowledge transfer and cultural diffusion between them.
  • Pre-industrial societies developed largely in rural communities. Capitalism developed largely in urban areas.
  • Europe made up of numerous rural microcosms [1]
  • Populations grew at substantial rates [2]
  • Social Classes: Peasants and Lords [3]
  • The Black Plague [4]
  • Subsistence level of living[5]
  • Population dependent on peasants for food[6]

Life in Pre-Industrial Society[edit]

  • All people worked/lived in the country [7]
  • Diet included very little meat
  • Most people were illiterate
  • High levels of poverty and inequality
  • Plagues were common as well as other extreme diseases
  • War occurred often between different

Economic Systems of Pre-Industrial Societies[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cipolla, Carlo M. Before the Industrial Revolution: European Society and Economy, 1000-1700. New York: Norton, 1976
  2. ^ Cipolla, Carlo M. Before the Industrial Revolution: European Society and Economy, 1000-1700. New York: Norton, 1976
  3. ^ Persson, Karl Gunnar. Pre-industrial Economic Growth: Social Organization, and Technological Progress in Europe. Oxford: Blackwell, 1988.
  4. ^ Cipolla, Carlo M. Before the Industrial Revolution: European Society and Economy, 1000-1700. New York: Norton, 1976
  5. ^ Persson, Karl Gunnar. Pre-industrial Economic Growth: Social Organization, and Technological Progress in Europe. Oxford: Blackwell, 1988.
  6. ^ Persson, Karl Gunnar. Pre-industrial Economic Growth: Social Organization, and Technological Progress in Europe. Oxford: Blackwell, 1988.
  7. ^ Cipolla, Carlo M. Before the Industrial Revolution: European Society and Economy, 1000-1700. New York: Norton, 1976.
  8. ^ Persson, Karl Gunnar. Pre-industrial Economic Growth: Social Organization, and Technological Progress in Europe. Oxford: Blackwell, 1988.