NHS ambulance services prior to 2006

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The National Health Service Act 1946 gave county (and county borough) councils a statutory responsibility to provide an emergency ambulance service, although they could contract a voluntary ambulance service to provide this.

These ambulance services were transferred by the National Health Service Reorganisation Act 1973 from local authority to central government control in 1974, under regional health authorities.

Before changes in July 2006, when the number of ambulance service trusts was reduced to thirteen, England was covered by 31 ambulance trusts, which were structured as below. For the current trusts, see Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom.

Ambulance service metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties covered
Avon Bath and North East Somerset, Bristol, North Somerset, South Gloucestershire
Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, Luton
Coventry and Warwickshire Coventry, Warwickshire
Cumbria Cumbria
Dorset Bournemouth, Dorset, Poole
East Anglian Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, Peterborough, Suffolk
East Midlands Derby, Derbyshire, Leicester, Leicestershire, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, Rutland
Essex Essex, Southend-on-Sea, Thurrock
Gloucestershire Gloucestershire
Greater Manchester Greater Manchester
Hampshire Hampshire, Portsmouth, Southampton
Hereford and Worcester Herefordshire, Worcestershire
Isle of Wight Isle of Wight
Kent Kent, Medway
Lancashire Blackpool, Blackburn with Darwen, Lancashire
Lincolnshire Lincolnshire, North Lincolnshire, North East Lincolnshire
London Greater London
Mersey Merseyside, Cheshire, Halton, Warrington
North East Darlington, County Durham, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear
Oxfordshire Oxfordshire
Royal Berkshire Berkshire
South Yorkshire South Yorkshire
Staffordshire Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent
Surrey Surrey
Sussex Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, West Sussex
Tees, East and North Yorkshire East Riding of Yorkshire, Kingston upon Hull, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland, Stockton-on-Tees, North Yorkshire (excl. Craven), York
Two Shires Buckinghamshire, Milton Keynes, Northamptonshire
West Midlands Shropshire, Telford and Wrekin, West Midlands less Coventry
West Yorkshire West Yorkshire, Craven district of North Yorkshire
Westcountry Cornwall, Devon, Plymouth, Somerset, Torbay
Wiltshire Wiltshire, Swindon

See also[edit]