Preah Netr Preah District
|Preah Netr Preah
Map showing the location of the district within Banteay Meanchey Province.
Preah Netr Preah (Khmer: ស្រុកព្រះនេត្រព្រះ, "Eyes of the Lord") is a district (srok) in the east of Banteay Meanchey Province, in north-western Cambodia. The district capital is Preah Netr Preah town located around 24 kilometres due east of the provincial capital of Sisophon by road. Preah Netr Preah District is one of the eastern-most districts of Banteay Meanchey. The district shares a border with both Siem Reap Province and Battambang Province to the east and the south respectively. Two major watercourses, the Sangke River and the Mongkol Borei River run through the district.
The district is easily accessed by road from Sisophon (24 km) and Siem Reap (city) (78 km). Preah Netr Preah is one of the largest districts in Banteay Meanchey province by land area and only Thma Pouk District is larger. National Highway 6 which begins in Skun town Kampong Cham Province and ends at Sisophon bisects the district running from east to west. Various smaller roads connect the district with Phnom Srok District and Mongkol Borei District.
The Dam of Widows
A 10 kilometre long, incomplete Khmer Rouge dam in Preah Netr Preah district is known as the "Dam of Widows". The dam gained wider attention as the title of a book La Digue Des Veuves or, in English, The Dam of Widows: Survivors of the Khmer Rouge Hell by the Frenchwoman Denise Affonço.
Preah Netr Preah district lies in the east of the province and borders on Siem Reap and Battambang provinces. Reading from the north clockwise, Preah Netr Preah borders with Phnom Srok district to the north. The eastern border of the district is shared with Kralanh district of Siem Reap. To the south the district shares a border with Aek Phnom District of Battambang Province and Mongkol Borei district of Banteay Meanchey. The western border of the district is shared with Serei Saophoan and Svay Chek districts of Banteay Meanchey.
The Preah Netr Preah district governor reports to His Excellency Oung Ouen, the Governor of Banteay Meanchey. The following table shows the villages of Preah Netr Preah district by commune.
|Khum (Commune)||Phum (Villages)|
|Chhnuor||Mean Chey Samraong Touch, Pongro, Thma Koul, Proput, Bantoat Baoh, Kouk Treas, Chhnuor, Samraong Thum, Ruessei Khang, Ruessei Kandal, Rumpeak, Kouk Trach|
|Chob||Veari Chob, Roul Chruk, Prasat, Krasang Thmei, Pradak, Chroab Thmei, Chroab Chas, Kak, Kouk Lun, Phnum Chonhcheang, Chakkrei|
|Phnum Lieb||Phnum Lieb Kaeut, Phnum Lieb Lech, Troyoung, Tro Louk Cheung, Tro Louk Lech, Tro Louk Tboung, Laote, Rumduol, Pring Chu, Kantrab, Tnaot, Anlong Sar, Kandaol, Kambaor, Kabau, Kampong Krasang|
|Prasat Char||Bat Trang, Sampov Lun, Phlov Leav, Ta Am, Ampil, Kandal, Thmei, Ovmal, Tonloab, Kien Banteay, Prasat, Anlong Sar, Kampream|
|Preah Netr||Preah Paoy Kdoeang, Cheung Voat, Kandal, Post Chas, Paoy Samraong, Paoy Pring, Ta Paen, Sreh Kaeut, Sreh Lech, Kouk Srok, Sramaoch, Peam Sreh, Doun Chaeng, Kon Damrey|
|Rohal Rohal||Sala Chheh, Chak, Tep Kaosa, Snay, Anlong Thmei, Popel, Paoy Svay, Ruessei, Prey Moan, Stueng Kambot|
|Tean Kam||Bantoat Baoh, Tean Kam Lech, Tean Kam Cheung, Tean Kam Tboung, Ou, Ta Un|
|Tuek Chour Smach||Paoy Char, Ta Khaek, Kouk kei, Tonloab, Kouk Tiem, Char Leu, Kantuot, Thmei, Kandal, Tuek Chour, Ta Siev, Kampong Thkov, Ta Pon, Svay L'a, Ta Daek, Samraong, Anlong Vil|
The district is subdivided into 8 communes (khum) and 102 villages (phum). According to the 1998 Census, the population of the district was 70,673 persons in 13,232 households in 1998. This population consisted of 33,944 males (48.0%) and 36,729 females (52.0%). With a population of over 70,000 people, Preah Netr Preah has an average population for districts in Banteay Meanchey province. The average household size in Preah Netr Preah is 5.3 persons per household, which is slightly larger than the rural average for Cambodia (5.2 persons). The sex ratio in the district is 92.4%, with significantly more females than males.
- General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998: Village Gazetteer. National Institute of Statistics. February 2000. pp. 6–8.
- Total Road Atlas of Cambodia 2006 (3rd edition ed.). Total Cambodge. 2006. p. 32.
- Cambodia Road Network (Version 03-00 ed.). Ministry of Public Works and Transport. 2001.
- ""The Dam of Widows" in Preah Netr Preah and Story of Vietnamese-French Woman’s Family in Cambodia" 15 (4259). Rasmei Kampuchea. 11 April 2007. Retrieved 2009-02-27.
- Affonço, Denise (2005). "La digue des veuves : Rescapée de l'enfer des Khmers rouges" (in French). Amazon.com. Retrieved 2009-02-27.
- "Banteay Meanchey Provincial Resources". Ministry of Commerce. Retrieved 2009-03-22.[dead link]
- "Banteay Meanchey Administration". Royal Government of Cambodia. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
- General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998: Village Gazetteer. National Institute of Statistics. February 2000. pp. 1–15.
- Banteay Meanchey at Royal Government of Cambodia website
- Banteay Meanchey at the Ministry of Commerce website