Preakness Stakes

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For the 2014 race, see 2014 Preakness Stakes.
Preakness Stakes
Grade I race
2011 Preakness Stakes starting gate.jpg
"The Second Jewel of the Triple Crown"
"The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans"
Location Pimlico Race Course
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Inaugurated 1873
Race type Thoroughbred
Website Preakness Stakes
Race information
Distance 1 316 miles (9.5 furlongs)
Record 1:53.00, Secretariat (1973)
Surface Dirt
Track Left-handed
Qualification 3-year-old
Weight Colt/Gelding: 126 pounds (57 kg)
Filly: 121 pounds (55 kg)
Purse US$1,500,000

The Preakness Stakes is an American flat thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a Grade I race run over a distance of 9.5 furlongs (1 3/16 miles) on dirt. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies 121 lb (55 kg). It is the second leg of the Triple Crown, held after the Kentucky Derby and before the Belmont Stakes.

First run in 1873, the Preakness Stakes was named by a former Maryland governor after a winning colt at Pimlico. The race has been termed "The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans" because a blanket of yellow flowers altered to resemble Maryland's state flower is placed around the winner's neck. Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America only trailing the Kentucky Derby.

History[edit]

Two years before the Preakness was run for the first time, Pimlico introduced its new stakes race for three-year-olds, the Preakness, during its first-ever spring race meet in 1873. Former Maryland governor Oden Bowie named the then mile and one-half (2.41 km) race in honor of the colt Preakness from Milton Holbrook Sanford's Preakness Stables in Preakness, Wayne Township, New Jersey, who won the Dinner Party Stakes on the day Pimlico opened (October 25, 1870). The New Jersey name was said to have come from the Native American name Pra-qua-les ("Quail Woods") for the area.[1] After Preakness won the Dinner Party Stakes, his jockey, Billy Hayward, untied a silk bag of gold coins that hung from a wire stretched across the track from the judges’ stand. This was the supposed way that the “wire” at the finish line was introduced and how the awarding of “purse” money came to be.[2] In reality, the term "purse", meaning prize money, had been in use for well over a century.[3]

The first Preakness, held on May 27, 1873, drew seven starters. John Chamberlain's three-year-old, Survivor, collected the $2,050 winning purse by galloping home easily by 10 lengths. This was the largest margin of victory until 2004, when Smarty Jones won by 11 1/2 lengths.[4]

In 1890 Morris Park Racecourse in the Bronx, New York hosted the Preakness Stakes. This race was run under handicap conditions, and the age restriction was lifted. The race was won by a five-year-old horse named Montague. After 1890, there was no race run for three years.[5] For the 15 years from 1894 through 1908, the race was held at Gravesend Race Track on Coney Island, New York. In 1909 it returned to Pimlico.[6]

Seven editions of the Preakness Stakes have been run under handicap conditions, in which more accomplished or favored horses are assigned to carry heavier weight. It was first run under these conditions in 1890 and again in the years 1910-1915. During these years, the race was known as the Preakness Handicap.[5]

In March 2009 Magna Entertainment Corp., which owns Pimlico, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy thus throwing open the possibility the Stakes could move again. On April 13, 2009, the Maryland Legislature approved a plan to buy the Stakes and the Pimlico course if Magna Entertainment cannot find a buyer.[7]

Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America and usually surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Belmont Stakes, the Breeders' Cup and the Kentucky Oaks. The attendance of the Preakness Stakes typically only trails the Kentucky Derby, for more information see American Thoroughbred Racing top Attended Events.

Evolution of the Triple Crown series[edit]

The Preakness is the second leg in American thoroughbred racing's Triple Crown series and almost always attracts the Kentucky Derby winner, some of the other horses that ran in the Derby, and often a few horses that did not start in the Derby. The Preakness is 1 316 miles, or 9 12 furlongs, compared to the Kentucky Derby, which is 1 14 miles / 10 furlongs. It is followed by the third leg, the Belmont Stakes, which is 1 12 miles / 12 furlongs.

Since 1932, the order of Triple Crown races has the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1932, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day.[8]

Today, the Preakness is run on the third Saturday in May, two weeks after the Kentucky Derby, and three weeks before the Belmont Stakes.

Running the race[edit]

Sir Barton, winner in 1919

Just after the horses for the Preakness are called to the post, the audience is invited to sing "Maryland, My Maryland", the official state song of Maryland. Traditionally, the Baltimore Colts' Marching Band led the song from the infield.[9] Today, the United States Naval Academy Glee Club leads the song.[10]

As soon as the Preakness winner has been declared official, a painter climbs a ladder to the top of a replica of the Old Clubhouse cupola. The colors of the victorious owner's silks are applied on the jockey and horse that are part of the weather vane atop the infield structure. The practice began in 1909 when a horse and rider weather vane sat atop the old Members' Clubhouse, which was constructed when Pimlico opened in 1870. The Victorian building was destroyed by fire in June 1966. A replica of the old building's cupola was built to stand in the Preakness winner's circle in the infield.[11]

A blanket of yellow flowers daubed with black lacquer to recreate the appearance of a black-eyed Susan[12] (see Winning) is placed around the winning horse's neck at this time,[13] and a replica of the Woodlawn Vase is given to the winning horse's owner. Should that horse have also won the Kentucky Derby, speculation and excitement immediately begin to mount as to whether that horse will go on to win the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing at the Belmont Stakes in June.

Winning the race[edit]

In 1917, the first Woodlawn Vase was awarded to the Preakness winner, who was not allowed to keep it. Eventually a half-size reproduction of the trophy was given to winners to keep permanently. The original trophy is kept at the Baltimore Museum of Art and brought to the race each year under guard, for the winner's presentation ceremony.[14]

In 1940, it was proposed to drape the winning horse in a garland of the Maryland State flower, Rudbeckia hirta, commonly called black-eyed Susans. This posed a problem, as the race is run nearly two months before the flowers come into bloom in late June or July. At first, yellow Viking daisies were painted to resemble black-eyed Susans. Painted flowers have been discontinued since the first decade of the current millennium and viking poms, a member of the chrysanthemum family, are now used.[15] Although the Preakness is sometimes referred to as "the race for the black-eyed Susans", no black-eyed Susan is ever used.[16][17]

In 1918, 26 horses entered the race, and it was run in two divisions, providing for two winners that year. Currently, the race is limited to 14 horses.

In 1948, the Preakness was televised for the first time by CBS.

The Preakness has been run at seven different distances:

  • 1 12 miles (2.41 km) : 1873–1888, 1890
  • 1 14 miles (2.01 km) : 1889
  • 1 116 miles (1.71 km) : 1894–1900, 1908
  • 1 mile 70 yards (1.67 km) : 1901–1907
  • 1 mile (1.61 km) : 1909, 1910
  • 1 18 miles (1.81 km) : 1911–1924
  • 1 316 miles (1.91 km) : 1925–present

Purse Money[edit]

On December 12, 2013 the Maryland Jockey Club announced for the 2014 running of the Preakness the purse would be moved from $1,000,000 to $1,500,000[18] The $1M USD amount had been in place since the 1998 edition of the race.

At its inauguration in 1873, the Preakness carried a value of $1,000. The first major increase occurred in 1919 when the race had a $25,000 value. It climbed to $100,000 in 1946 and in 1959 was raised to $150,000. Subsequent increases occurred from 1979 to 1989, when the purse rose four times from $200,000 to $500,000, before going to $1 million in 1997.[18]

InfieldFest[edit]

The race has had something of a party atmosphere in the past, especially in the infield, which is general admission.[19] The course had a bring your own booze policy until 2009, formerly including kegs of beer but in the 2000s restricted to all the beer cans a person could carry in a cooler.[19] However, despite crowds in excess of 100,000, the BYOB policy was canceled in 2009 after videos of intoxicated people running along the tops of lines of portable toilets while being pelted by beer cans reached a large audience.[20][21]

In 2009, with the alcohol ban, race attendance dropped to 77,850 after topping 100,000 for eight consecutive years. In 2010, and the Maryland Jockey Club responded with a new event called "InfieldFest" with performances by musical acts, the "Mug Club", which included an infield ticket and an unlimited-refill beer mug, and a mascot named "Kegasus," a play on keg and pegasus (though actually a centaur).[20] The much-derided Kegasus was retired in 2013.[22] In 2010, ticket sales had recovered to 95,760 and have since stayed high.[21]

Aside from InfieldFest, the race is known for its fancy hats and official cocktail, the Black-eyed Susan, made with vodka, St. Germain liqueur and pineapple, lime and orange juices.[23]

Records[edit]

Speed record:

  • 1 316 miles (1.91 km) - 1:53 - Secretariat (1973)

Secretariat, the 1973 winner, was originally credited with a running time of 1:55. Two Daily Racing Form clockers, however, timed Secretariat's Preakness in 1:53 2/5, a new stakes record. A hearing was held over the time discrepancy, where a video replay proved Secretariat reached the wire before Canonero II, the then-current record holder. But instead of giving Secretariat the record, the Maryland Jockey Club decided to split the difference and make its official time that of Pimlico's clocker, who timed the race in 1:54 2/5. The matter was finally resolved in a June 2012 meeting of the Maryland Racing Commission, which unanimously ruled to change Secretariat's final time to 1:53 based on testimony and analysis of the race replays.[24]

Margin of Victory

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

Fillies in the Preakness[edit]

Five fillies have won the Preakness in 136 races:

(Three fillies have won the Kentucky Derby in 138 races, and three fillies have won the Belmont Stakes in 143 races. On average, fillies have won between 2% and 3% of the Triple Crown races, with similar numbers for geldings; while about 95% of these high-stakes races have been won by colts.)

Winners of The Preakness Stakes since 1873[edit]

Preakness Stakes winners
Year Winner's Name Age Jockey Trainer Owner Dist.
(miles)
Time* Purse Gr.
2014PS California Chrome 3 Victor Espinoza Art Sherman Steve Coburn & Perry Martin 1-3/16 1:54.84 $1,500,000 I
2013PS Oxbow 3 Gary Stevens D. Wayne Lukas Calumet Farm 1-3/16 1:57.54 $1,000,000 I
2012PS I'll Have Another 3 Mario Gutierrez Doug O'Neill J. Paul Reddam 1-3/16 1:55.94 $1,000,000 I
2011PS Shackleford 3 Jesus Castanon Dale Romans Mike Lauffer &
W.D. Cubbedge
1-3/16 1:56.47 $1,550,000 I
2010PS Lookin At Lucky 3 Martin Garcia Bob Baffert Michael Pegram 1-3/16 1:55.47 $1,000,000 I
2009PS Rachel Alexandra 3 Calvin Borel Steve Asmussen Stonestreet Stables/
H. T. McCormick
1-3/16 1:55.08 $1,100,000 I
2008PS Big Brown 3 Kent Desormeaux Richard Dutrow IEAH Stables &
Paul Pompa, Jr.
1-3/16 1:54.86 $1,000,000 I
2007PS Curlin 3 Robby Albarado Steve Asmussen Stonestreet Stables 1-3/16 1:53.46 $1,000,000 I
2006PS Bernardini 3 Javier Castellano Tom Albertrani Darley Stables 1-3/16 1:54.65 $1,000,000 I
2005PS Afleet Alex 3 Jeremy Rose Timothy Ritchey Cash Is King Stable 1-3/16 1:55.04 $1,000,000 I
2004PS Smarty Jones 3 Stewart Elliott John Servis Someday Farm 1-3/16 1:55.59 $1,000,000 I
2003PS Funny Cide 3 Jose Santos Barclay Tagg Sackatoga Stable 1-3/16 1:55.61 $1,000,000 I
2002PS War Emblem 3 Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert The Thoroughbred Corp. 1-3/16 1:56.40 $1,000,000 I
2001PS Point Given 3 Gary Stevens Bob Baffert The Thoroughbred Corp. 1-3/16 1:55.40 $1,000,000 I
2000PS Red Bullet 3 Jerry Bailey Joe Orseno Stronach Stables 1-3/16 1:56.00 $1,000,000 I
1999PS Charismatic 3 Chris Antley D. Wayne Lukas Bob & Beverly Lewis 1-3/16 1:55.20 $1,000,000 I
1998PS Real Quiet 3 Kent Desormeaux Bob Baffert Michael Pegram 1-3/16 1:54.60 $1,000,000 I
1997PS Silver Charm 3 Gary Stevens Bob Baffert Bob & Beverly Lewis 1-3/16 1:54.80 $1,000,000 I
1996PS Louis Quatorze 3 Pat Day Nick Zito Condren/Cornacchia/
Hofmann
1-3/16 1:53.40 $800,000 I
1995PS Timber Country 3 Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Overbrook/Gainesway/
Robert B. Lewis
1-3/16 1:54.40 $750,000 I
1994PS Tabasco Cat 3 Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas D. P. Reynolds & Overbrook 1-3/16 1:56.40 $750,000 I
1993PS Prairie Bayou 3 Mike Smith Tom Bohannan Loblolly Stable 1-3/16 1:56.60 $750,000 I
1992PS Pine Bluff 3 Chris McCarron Tom Bohannan Loblolly Stable 1-3/16 1:55.60 $750,000 I
1991PS Hansel 3 Jerry Bailey Frank L. Brothers Lazy Lane Farms 1-3/16 1:54.00 $750,000 I
1990PS Summer Squall 3 Pat Day Neil J. Howard Dogwood Stable 1-3/16 1:53.60 $750,000 I
1989PS Sunday Silence 3 Pat Valenzuela Char.Whittingham H-G-W Partners 1-3/16 1:53.80 $750,000 I
1988PS Risen Star 3 Ed Delahoussaye Louie Roussel Louie J. Roussel III &
R. Lamarque
1-3/16 1:56.20 $700,000 I
1987PS Alysheba 3 Chris McCarron Jack Van Berg Dorothy Scharbauer 1-3/16 1:55.80 $700,000 I
1986PS Snow Chief 3 Alex Solis Melvin F. Stute Carl Grinstead 1-3/16 1:54.80 $700,000 I
1985PS Tank's Prospect 3 Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Eugene V. Klein 1-3/16 1:53.40 $700,000 I
1984PS Gate Dancer 3 Angel Cordero Jack Van Berg Kenneth Opstein 1-3/16 1:53.60 $400,000 I
1983PS Deputed Testamony 3 Donald Miller, Jr. J. William Boniface Bonita Farm 1-3/16 1:55.40 $400,000 I
1982PS Aloma's Ruler 3 Jack Kaenel John J. Lenzini, Jr. Nathan Scherr 1-3/16 1:55.40 $350,000 I
1981PS Pleasant Colony 3 Jorge Velasquez John P. Campo Buckland Farm 1-3/16 1:54.60 $350,000 I
1980PS Codex 3 Angel Cordero D. Wayne Lukas Tartan Stable 1-3/16 1:54.20 $300,000 I
1979PS Spectacular Bid 3 Ronnie Franklin Bud Delp Hawksworth Farm 1-3/16 1:54.20 $300,000 I
1978PS Affirmed 3 Steve Cauthen Laz Barrera Harbor View Farm 1-3/16 1:54.40 $250,000 I
1977PS Seattle Slew 3 Jean Cruguet Bill Turner Karen L. Taylor 1-3/16 1:54.40 $250,000 I
1976PS Elocutionist 3 John Lively Paul T. Adwell Eugene C. Cashman 1-3/16 1:55.00 $250,000 I
1975PS Master Derby 3 Darrel McHargue Smiley Adams Golden Chance Farm 1-3/16 1:56.40 $250,000 I
1974PS Little Current 3 Miguel A. Rivera Lou Rondinello Darby Dan Farm 1-3/16 1:54.60 $250,000 I
1973PS Secretariat 3 Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stable 1-3/16 1:53.00 $250,000 I
1972PS Bee Bee Bee 3 Eldon Nelson Del W. Carroll William S. Farish III 1-3/16 1:55.60 $250,000
1971PS Canonero II 3 Gustavo Avila Juan Arias Edgar Caibett 1-3/16 1:54.00 $250,000
1970PS Personality 3 Eddie Belmonte John W. Jacobs Ethel D. Jacobs 1-3/16 1:56.20 $200,000
1969PS Majestic Prince 3 Bill Hartack Johnny Longden Frank M. McMahon 1-3/16 1:55.60 $200,000
1968PS Forward Pass 3 Ismael Valenzuela Henry Forrest Calumet Farm 1-3/16 1:56.80 $200,000
1967PS Damascus 3 Bill Shoemaker Frank Whiteley Edith W. Bancroft 1-3/16 1:55.20 $200,000
1966PS Kauai King 3 Don Brumfield Henry Forrest Ford Stable 1-3/16 1:55.40 $200,000
1965PS Tom Rolfe 3 Ron Turcotte Frank Whiteley Powhatan Stable 1-3/16 1:56.20 $200,000
1964PS Northern Dancer 3 Bill Hartack Horatio Luro Windfields Farm 1-3/16 1:56.80 $200,000
1963PS Candy Spots 3 Bill Shoemaker Mesh Tenney Rex C. Ellsworth 1-3/16 1:56.20 $200,000
1962PS Greek Money 3 John L. Rotz Virgil W. Raines Brandywine Stable 1-3/16 1:56.20 $200,000
1961PS Carry Back 3 Johnny Sellers Jack A. Price Katherine Price 1-3/16 1:57.60 $200,000
1960PS Bally Ache 3 Bobby Ussery Jimmy Pitt Turfland 1-3/16 1:57.60 $250,000
1959PS Royal Orbit 3 William Harmatz Reggie Cornell Halina Gregory Braunstein 1-3/16 1:57.00 $250,000
1958PS Tim Tam 3 Ismael Valenzuela Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-3/16 1:57.20 $165,000
1957PS Bold Ruler 3 Eddie Arcaro Jim Fitzsimmons Wheatley Stable 1-3/16 1:56.20 $110,000
1956PS Fabius 3 Bill Hartack Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-3/16 1:58.40 $150,000
1955PS Nashua 3 Eddie Arcaro Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1-3/16 1:54.60 $110,000
1954PS Hasty Road 3 John H. Adams Harry Trotsek Hasty House Farm 1-3/16 1:57.40 $150,000
1953PS Native Dancer 3 Eric Guerin Bill Winfrey Alfred G. Vanderbilt II 1-3/16 1:57.80 $110,000
1952 Blue Man 3 Conn McCreary Woody Stephens White Oak Stable 1-3/16 1:57.40 $150,000
1951 Bold 3 Eddie Arcaro Preston M. Burch Brookmeade Stable 1-3/16 1:56.40 $150,000
1950 Hill Prince 3 Eddie Arcaro Casey Hayes Christopher Chenery 1-3/16 1:59.20 $100,000
1949 Capot 3 Ted Atkinson John M. Gaver, Sr. Greentree Stable 1-3/16 1:56.00 $150,000
1948 Citation 3 Eddie Arcaro Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-3/16 2:02.40 $160,000
1947 Faultless 3 Douglas Dodson Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-3/16 1:59.00 $160,000
1946 Assault 3 Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch King Ranch 1-3/16 2:01.40 $160,000
1945 Polynesian 3 Wayne D. Wright Morris H. Dixon Gertrude T. Widener 1-3/16 1:58.80 $110,000
1944 Pensive 3 Conn McCreary Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-3/16 1:59.20 $100,000
1943 Count Fleet 3 Johnny Longden Don Cameron Fannie Hertz 1-3/16 1:57.40 $75,000
1942 Alsab 3 Basil James Sarge Swenke Mrs. Albert Sabath 1-3/16 1:57.00 $100,000
1941 Whirlaway 3 Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1-3/16 1:58.80 $75,000
1940 Bimelech 3 Fred A. Smith William A. Hurley Edward R. Bradley 1-3/16 1:58.60 $75,000
1939 Challedon 3 George Seabo Louis J. Schaefer William L. Brann 1-3/16 1:59.80 $75,000
1938 Dauber 3 Maurice Peters Richard E. Handlen Foxcatcher Farms 1-3/16 1:59.80 $75,000
1937 War Admiral 3 Charley Kurtsinger George Conway Glen Riddle Farm 1-3/16 1:58.40 $75,000
1936 Bold Venture 3 George Woolf Max Hirsch Morton L. Schwartz 1-3/16 1:59.00 $50,000
1935 Omaha 3 Willie Saunders Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1-3/16 1:58.40 $50,000
1934 High Quest 3 Robert Jones Robert A. Smith Brookmeade Stable 1-3/16 1:58.20 $50,000
1933 Head Play 3 Charley Kurtsinger Thomas P. Hayes Silas B. Mason 1-3/16 2:02.00 $50,000
1932 Burgoo King 3 Eugene James H. J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1-3/16 1:59.80 $90,000
1931 Mate 3 George Ellis James W. Healy Albert C. Bostwick, Jr. 1-3/16 1:59.00 $90,000
1930 Gallant Fox 3 Earl Sande Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1-3/16 2:00.60 $90,000
1929 Dr. Freeland 3 Louis Schaefer Thomas J. Healey Walter J. Salmon, Sr. 1-3/16 2:01.60 $90,000
1928 Victorian 3 Raymond Workman James G. Rowe, Jr. Harry P. Whitney 1-3/16 2:00.20 $90,000
1927 Bostonian 3 Whitey Abel Fred Hopkins Harry P. Whitney 1-3/16 2:01.60 $100,000
1926 Display 3 John Maiben Thomas J. Healey Walter J. Salmon, Sr. 1-3/16 1:59.80 $90,000
1925 Coventry 3 Clarence Kummer William B. Duke Gifford A. Cochran 1-3/16 1:59.00 $90,000
1924 Nellie Morse 3 John Merimee Albert B. Gordon Bud Fisher 1 18 1:57.20 $90,000
1923 Vigil 3 Benny Marinelli Thomas J. Healey Walter J. Salmon, Sr. 1 18 1:53.60 $90,000
1922 Pillory 3 Louis Morris Thomas J. Healey Richard T. Wilson, Jr. 1 18 1:51.60 $90,000
1921 Broomspun 3 Frank Coltiletti James G. Rowe, Sr. Harry P. Whitney 1 18 1:54.20 $75,000
1920 Man o' War 3 Clarence Kummer Louis Feustel Glen Riddle Farm 1 18 1:51.60 $40,000
1919 Sir Barton 3 Johnny Loftus H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross 1 18 1:53.00 $40,000
1918 War Cloud 3 Johnny Loftus Walter B. Jennings A. Kingsley Macomber 1 18 1:53.60 $20,000
1918 Jack Hare, Jr. 3 Charles Peak Frank D. Weir W. E. Applegate 1 18 1:53.40 $20,000
1917 Kalitan 3 Everett Haynes Bill Hurley Edward R. Bradley 1 18 1:54.40 $7,500
1916 Damrosch 3 Linus McAtee Albert G. Weston J. K. L. Ross 1 18 1:54.80 $2,000
1915 Rhine Maiden 3 Douglas Hoffman Frank Devers Edward F. Whitney 1 18 1:58.00 $2,000
1914 Holiday 3 Andy Schuttinger J. Simon Healy Mrs. A. Barklie 1 18 1:53.80 $2,000
1913 Buskin 3 James Butwell John Whalen John Whalen 1 18 1:53.40 $3,000
1912 Colonel Holloway 3 Clarence Turner Dave Woodford Beverwyck Stable 1 18 1:56.60 $2,500
1911 Watervale 3 Eddie Dugan John Whalen August Belmont, Jr. 1 18 1:51.00 $4,500
1910 Layminster 3 Roy Estep J. Simon Healy Edward B. Cassatt 1 mile 1:40.60 $5,500
1909 Effendi 3 Willie Doyle Frank C. Frisbie W. T. Ryan 1 mile 1:39.80 $5,500
1908 Royal Tourist 3 Eddie Dugan A. Jack Joyner Harry P. Whitney 1-1/16 1:46.40 $4,000
1907 Don Enrique 3 George Mountain John Whalen August Belmont, Jr. 1-1/16 1:45.40 $3,800
1906 Whimsical 3 Walter Miller Tim J. Gaynor Tim J. Gaynor 1-1/16 1:45.00 $3,800
1905 Cairngorm 3 Willie Davis A. Jack Joyner Sydney Paget 1-1/16 1:45.80 $3,600
1904 Bryn Mawr 3 Gene Hildebrand W. Fred Presgrave Goughacres Stable 1-1/16 1:44.20 $3,800
1903 Flocarline 3 William Gannon H. C. Riddle M. H. Tichenor 1-1/16 1:44.80 $3,000
1902 Old England 3 L. Jackson Green B. Morris Green B. Morris 1-1/16 1:45.80 $3,750
1901 The Parader 3 F. Landry Thomas J. Healey Richard T. Wilson, Jr. 1-1/16 1:47.20 $2,650
1900 Hindus 3 Henry Spencer John H. Morris George J. Long 1-1/16 1:48.40 $3,000
1899 Half Time 3 Richard Clawson Frank McCabe Philip J. Dwyer 1-1/16 1:47.00 $2,500
1898 Sly Fox 3 Willie Simms Hardy Campbell, Jr. Charles F. Dwyer 1-1/16 1:49.75 $2,400
1897 Paul Kauvar 3 T. Thorpe Thomas P. Hayes Thomas P. Hayes 1-1/16 1:51.25 $2,400
1896 Margrave 3 Henry Griffin Byron McClelland August Belmont, Jr. 1-1/16 1:51.00 $2,250
1895 Belmar 3 Fred Taral Edward Feakes Preakness Stables 1-1/16 1:50.50 $2,250
1894 Assignee 3 Fred Taral William Lakeland James & Foxhall Keene 1-1/16 1:49.25 $3,000
1893 No Race 3 No Race No Race No Race no race 0:00.00 no race
1892 No Race 3 No Race No Race No Race no race 0:00.00 no race
1891 No Race 3 No Race No Race No Race no race 0:00.00 no race
1890 Montague 5[5] Willie Martin Edward Feakes Preakness Stables 1 12 2:36.75 $2,000
1889 Buddhist 3 George Anderson John W. Rogers Samuel S. Brown 1 14 2:17.50 $2,000
1888 Refund 3 Fred Littlefield R. W. Walden R. W. Walden 1 12 2:49.00 $2,000
1887 Dunboyne 3 William Donohue William Jennings William Jennings 1 12 2:39.50 $2,500
1886 The Bard 3 S. Fisher John Huggins A. J. Cassatt 1 12 2:45.00 $3,000
1885 Tecumseh 3 Jim McLaughlin Charles Littlefield W. Donohue 1 12 2:49.00 $3,000
1884 Knight of Ellerslie 3 S. Fisher Thomas Doswell R. Hancock & T. Doswell 1 12 2:39.50 $3,000
1883 Jacobus 3 George Barbee R. Dwyer James E. Kelley 1 12 2:42.50 $2,500
1882 Vanguard 3 Tom Costello R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1 12 2:44.50 $2,000
1881 Saunterer 3 Tom Costello R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1 12 2:40.50 $3,000
1880 Grenada 3 Lloyd Hughes R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1 12 2:40.50 $3,000
1879 Harold 3 Lloyd Hughes R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1 12 2:40.50 $4,000
1878 Duke of Magenta 3 C. Holloway R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 1 12 2:41.75 $3,500
1877 Cloverbrook 3 C. Holloway Jeter Walden E. A. Clabaugh 1 12 2:45.50 $2,500
1876 Shirley 3 George Barbee W. Brown Pierre Lorillard IV 1 12 2:44.75 $3,000
1875 Tom Ochiltree 3 Lloyd Hughes R. W. Walden John F. Chamberlain 1 12 2:43.50 $3,000
1874 Culpepper 3 William Donohue Hugh Gaffney Hugh Gaffney 1 12 2:56.50 $3,000
1873 Survivor 3 George Barbee A. Davis Pryor John F. Chamberlain 1 12 2:43.00 $3,000
  • Note: Timed to the 1/4 second 1873 to 1899, to the 1/5 second 1900 to 2002, to the 1/100 since 2003.

A designates a Triple Crown Winner.
A designates a filly.

Note: D. Wayne Lukas swept the 1995 Triple Crown with two different horses.[citation needed]

Special bonus[edit]

MI Developments Inc. announced August 27, 2010 a special bonus program involving tracks owned by the company that could result in a $5.5 million bonus for the winner of the 2011 Preakness Stakes. MID also announced that purses of the Florida Derby and Santa Anita Derby would both be increased to $1 million. MID said the "historic and unique bonus program" called "Preakness 5.5" is designed to "allow both east and west coast based 3-year-olds to qualify by having the preliminary races at Gulfstream Park, Santa Anita Park and Golden Gate Fields."

In addition to the purses earned in the qualifying races and the Preakness on May 21, 2011, the owner of a horse winning the bonus would receive $5 million and the trainer would get $500,000. "The purpose of this grand prize is to provide a spectacular event for the fans and to create a potential life changing experience for the stakeholders of the racing industry," Frank Stronach, chairman of MID, said in a statement.

To qualify for the Preakness 5.5 at Gulfstream Park, a horse must win either the Holy Bull Stakes or the Fountain of Youth Stakes and then go on to win the Florida Derby on April 3, 2011. To qualify for the Preakness 5.5 at Santa Anita Park, a horse must win either the Robert B. Lewis Stakes or San Felipe Stakes and then go on to win the Santa Anita Derby. The winner of the El Camino Real Derby, which is scheduled to be run on Feb. 12, 2011 at Golden Gate Fields, will also qualify for the Preakness 5.5 if it goes on to win the Santa Anita Derby.

MID also announced that XpressBet will sponsor the XpressBet.55, a consolation prize of $550,000 ($500,000 to the owner and $50,000 to the trainer) to be awarded to the winner of the 2011 Preakness if that horse was not eligible for the Preakness $5.5 million bonus but was a runner in one of the initial qualifying races and finished first, second, or third at the Santa Anita Derby or Florida Derby.

Paths to $5,500,000 Preakness Bonus:
1) win Holy Bull Stakes + win the Florida Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
2) win Fountain of Youth Stakes + win the Florida Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
3) win Robert B. Lewis Stakes + win the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
4) win San Felipe Stakes + win the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
5) win El Camino Real Derby + win the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes

Paths to $550,000 XpressBet Bonus:
1) run in Holy Bull Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
2) run in Fountain of Youth Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
3) run in Robert B. Lewis Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
4) run in San Felipe Stakes + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes
5) run in El Camino Real Derby + win, place or show in the Florida Derby or win, place or show in the Santa Anita Derby + win The Preakness Stakes

  • Note: In 2011 Shackleford won the $550,000 Xpressbet Bonus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Origin of the "Preakness" preakness-stakes.info - Retrieved May 17, 2009
  2. ^ Dandrea, Phil (2010). www.ShamHorse.com. Acanthus Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9842173-3-5. 
  3. ^ Pick, William; Johnson, R. (1803). The Turf Register (Volume I). A. Bartholoman, High-Ousegate. 
  4. ^ Rogers, Mike. "History Fills Old Hilltop," PressBox (Baltimore), April 2009.
  5. ^ a b c Sowers, Richard B. The Kentucky Derby, Preakness, and Belmont: A Comprehensive History
  6. ^ Early History - preakness-stakes.info - Retrieved May 12, 2009
  7. ^ Md. legislators OK billon buying Preakness Stakes - courier-journal.com - April 14, 2009
  8. ^ Turf'n'Sport, Retrieved on 2009-05-04.
  9. ^ Rodricks, Dan. "Just one serse of state song to be aired". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved September 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ Brunelli, Laureen Miles. "Maryland, My Maryland". Retrieved September 30, 2014. 
  11. ^ Painting the Weather Vane – Preakness Stakes.
  12. ^ Human Flower Project, Retrieved on 2009-05-04./
  13. ^ Black-eyed Susan Blanket – Preakness Stakes.
  14. ^ Woodlawn Vase – Preakness Stakes.
  15. ^ Reimer, Susan. "Neither Susans nor daisies," The Baltimore Sun, Friday, May 16, 2014.
  16. ^ David Klatt, The Secret Behind the Preakness' Black-Eyed Susan Blanket May 14, 2009.
  17. ^ The Black-Eyed Susan Blanket. Accessed 2009.05.14.
  18. ^ a b http://www.brisnet.com/cgi-bin/editorial/news/article.cgi?id=41710
  19. ^ a b Elbow Room in the Infield New York Times, May 16, 2009
  20. ^ a b "At Preakness, Not Everybody’s Idea of Fun", New York Times, May 17, 2011
  21. ^ a b Mihoces, Gary."Preakness Stakes mascot Kegasus defends image". USA Today, May 16, 2011. Retrieved on May 18, 2011.
  22. ^ "Kegasus, the beer-guzzling Preakness mascot, unlikely to return in 2013", Baltimore Business Journal, Feb. 25, 2013
  23. ^ "A guide to attending the 139th Preakness" Washington Post, May 13, 2014.
  24. ^ Hegarty, Matt (June 19, 2012). "Secretariat awarded Preakness record at 1:53 after review". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Site Index". CBSSports.com. 2008-06-11. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 

External links[edit]