List of predecessors of sovereign states in South America

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Today South America consists of twelve sovereign republics. The continent was colonized by the Europeans: First by the Spaniards, and the Portuguese; and later by the Dutch, the French, and the English.

Most of the present-day nations gained independence in the early 19th century. There are still three dependencies in the continent (the Falkland Islands and the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands under British rule and French Guiana under French control.)

Below there is a list of all present sovereign states in South America and their predecessors:

Sovereign state Predecessors
Argentina Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Viceroyalty of Peru (1542–1776)
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (1776–1810)
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg United Provinces of South America (1810–1831)
Flag of the Argentine Confederation.svg Argentine Confederation (1831–1861)
 Argentine Republic (1861–present)
Bolivia Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Governorate of New Toledo (1528–1542)
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Viceroyalty of Peru (1542–1776)
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (1776–1810)
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg Viceroyalty of Peru (1810–1825)
 Republic of Bolivia (1825–2009)
 Plurinational State of Bolivia (2009–present)
Brazil Flag Princes of Brazil.svg Colonial Brazil (1500-1815)
Flag United Kingdom Portugal Brazil Algarves.svg United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (1815–1822)
Flag of Empire of Brazil (1870-1889).svg Empire of Brazil (1822–1889)
 Federative Republic of Brazil (1889–present)
Chile Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg Captaincy General of Chile (1542–1818)
 Republic of Chile (1818–present)
Colombia Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Viceroyalty of Peru (1542–1717)
Bandera de Costas.svg Viceroyalty of New Granada (1717–1819)
Flag of the Gran Colombia (1819-1820).svg Gran Colombia (1819–1831)
Flag of New Granada.svg Republic of New Granada (1831–1858)
Flag of New Granada.svg Granadine Confederation (1858–1863)
Flag of Colombia.svg United States of Colombia (1863–1886)
 Republic of Colombia (1886–present)
Ecuador Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Viceroyalty of Peru (1542–1717)
Bandera de Costas.svg Viceroyalty of New Granada (1717–1822)
Flag of the Gran Colombia (1819-1820).svg Gran Colombia (1822–1830)
 Republic of Ecuador (1830–present)
Guyana Flag of the Netherlands.svg Essequibo (1616–1814)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Berbice (1627–1814)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Demerara (1745–1814)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Pomeroon (1650–1689)
Flag of British guiana 1919-1954.gif British Guiana (1814–1966)
 Co-operative Republic of Guyana (1966–present)
Panama  Republic of Colombia (1886–1906)
 Republic of Panama (1906–present)
Paraguay Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata(1776–1814)
 Republic of Paraguay (1814–present)
Peru Banner of the Inca Empire.svg Inca Empire (1438–1533)
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Governorate of New Castile (1528–1542)
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Viceroyalty of Peru (1542–1824)
 Republic of Peru (1824–present)
Suriname Flag of the Netherlands.svg Colony of Surinam (1630–1954)
Flag of Dutch Guyana.svg Country of Suriname (1954–1975)
 Republic of Suriname (1975–present)
Trinidad and Tobago Bandera de Costas.svg Viceroyalty of New Granada (1717–1797)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British West Indies (1797–1962)
 Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (1962–present)
Uruguay Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg United Provinces of South America (1810–1816)
Flag United Kingdom Portugal Brazil Algarves.svg United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves(1816–1822)
Flag of Empire of Brazil (1870-1889).svg Empire of Brazil(1822–1828)
 Oriental Republic of Uruguay (1828–present)
Venezuela Bandera de Costas.svg Viceroyalty of New Granada (1717–1819)
Flag of the Gran Colombia (1819-1820).svg Gran Colombia (1819–1828)
 Republic of Venezuela (1828–1999)
 Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (1999–present)

See also[edit]