The Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador is the first minister, head of government and de facto chief executive for the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Before 1964, the position's official title was Premier of Newfoundland. From 1964 to 2001 this title continued to be used outside the province.
The Premier is appointed by the Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador, as representative of the Queen in Right of Newfoundland and Labrador. He or she is usually the leader of the party that commands a majority in the House of Assembly. The word Premier is derived from the French word of the same spelling, meaning "first"; and ultimately from the Latin word primarius, meaning "primary".
The current Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador is Tom Marshall, who became Premier after the resignation of Kathy Dunderdale in January 2014.
The responsibilities of the Premier usually include:
- serving as the President of the Executive Council and head of the provincial Cabinet. The Executive Council is the formal name of the Cabinet when it is acting in its legal capacity.
- serving as the head of the provincial government
- leading the development and implementation of government policies and priorities
- serving as the senior communicator of government priorities and plans between:
- the Lieutenant Governor and Cabinet
- the Newfoundland and Labrador government and other provincial and territorial governments
- the Newfoundland and Labrador Government and the federal government and international governments
- functions in respect of the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, such as recommending to the Lieutenant Governor the appointment of cabinet ministers and allocating ministerial portfolios
- serving as leader of a major political party and its caucus of MHAs
- representing their constituency in the Legislative Assembly
Timeline of Premiers
- ^ Onions, C.T. Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. 1985.