Premier of the People's Republic of China
|Premier of the
State Council of the
People's Republic of China
Emblem of the People's Republic of China
|Nominator||the President of the People's Republic of China|
|Appointer||the National People's Congress|
|Term length||five years, renewable
|Inaugural holder||Zhou Enlai|
|Formation||27 September 1954
( 58 years, 238 days)
|This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the People's Republic of China
The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国国务院总理; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國國務院總理; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guówùyuàn Zŏnglĭ), sometimes also referred to as the "Prime Minister" informally, is the Leader of the State Council of the People's Republic of China (the "Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China" after 1954), who is the head of government and holds the highest-ranking (Level 1) of the Civil service of the People's Republic of China. This position was originally known as Premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government (Chinese: 中央人民政府政务院总理) and changed to its current name in 1954.
The Premier is formally approved by the National People's Congress upon the nomination of the President. In practice, the candidate chosen through an informal process within the Communist Party of China. Both the President and the Premier are selected once every five years. The Premier has always been a member of the powerful Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China.
Powers and duties 
The Premier is the highest administrative position in the Government of the People's Republic of China. The Premier is responsible for organizing and administering the Chinese civil bureaucracy. This includes overseeing the various ministries, departments, commissions and statutory agencies and announcing their candidacies to the National People's Congress for Vice-Premiers, State Councillors and ministry offices. The Premier does not have command authority over the People's Liberation Army, but the Premier is the Head of the National Defense Mobilization Committee of China which is a department of armed forces redeployment. In recent years, there has been a division of responsibilities between the Premier and the President wherein the Premier is responsible for the technical details of implementing government policy while President gathers the political support necessary for government policy.
In 1989, then Premier Li Peng, in cooperation with the then Chairman of the Central Military Commission Deng Xiaoping, was able to use the office of the Premier to declare martial law in Beijing and order the military crackdown of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
The Premier has been supported by four Vice-Premiers since Deng Xiaoping's reform in 1983.
List of premiers 
1st — Zhou Enlai
2nd — Hua Guofeng
3rd — Zhao Ziyang
4th — Li Peng
5th — Zhu Rongji
6th — Wen Jiabao
7th — Li Keqiang
See also 
- List of premiers of China
- List of leaders of the People's Republic of China
- Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China
- President of the People's Republic of China
- List of Chinese leaders
- Paramount Leader
- Political position ranking of PRC