Premier of Queensland

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Premier of Queensland
Campbell Newman being interviewed (cropped).jpg
Campbell Newman
Style The Honourable
Appointer Governor of Queensland
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder Robert Herbert
Formation 10 December 1859

The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the state of Queensland, Australia.

By convention the Premier is the leader of the party with a majority in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Queensland.

The current Premier is Campbell Newman of the LNP, who was sworn in as Premier on 26 March 2012, following the 2012 state election.

Constitutional role[edit]

Under section 42 of the Constitution of Queensland the Premier and other members of Cabinet are appointed by the Governor and are collectively responsible to Parliament. The text of the Constitution assigns to the Premier certain powers, such as the power to assign roles (s. 25) to Assistant Ministers (formerly known as Parliamentary Secretaries), and to appoint Ministers as acting Ministers (s. 45) for a period of 14 days.

In practice, under the conventions of the Westminster System followed in Queensland, the Premier's power is derived from two sources: command of a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and the Premier's role as chair of Cabinet, determining the appointment and roles of Ministers. Although ministerial appointments are the prerogative of the Governor of Queensland, in normal circumstances the Governor will make these appointments under the "advice" (in reality, direction) of the Premier.

Immediately following an election for the Legislative Assembly, the Governor will call on the leader of the party which commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and ask them to commission a government. A re-elected government will be resworn, with adjustments to the ministry as determined by the Premier.

Premier's office[edit]

The Premier has an office in the Executive Annexe of Parliament House, Brisbane, which is normally used while Parliament is sitting. At other times the Premier's ministerial office is in the Executive Building a short distance down George Street.

List of Premiers of Queensland[edit]

Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. Political affiliation labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. Before the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, political parties were more akin to parliamentary factions, and were fluid, informal and disorganised by modern standards.

Name Took Office Affiliation
1st Robert Herbert 10 December 1859 none
2nd Arthur Macalister 1 February 1866 none
_ Robert Herbert (second time) 20 July 1866 none
_ Arthur Macalister (second time) 7 August 1866 none
3rd Robert Mackenzie 15 August 1867 none
4th Charles Lilley 25 November 1868 none
5th Arthur Palmer 3 May 1870 none
_ Arthur Macalister (third time) 8 January 1874 none
6th George Thorn 5 June 1876 none
7th John Douglas 8 March 1877 none
8th Thomas McIlwraith 21 January 1879 Conservative
9th Samuel Griffith 13 November 1883 Liberal
_ Thomas McIlwraith (second time) 13 June 1888 Conservative
10th Boyd Dunlop Morehead 30 November 1888 Conservative
_ Samuel Griffith (second time) 12 August 1890 Ministerial
_ Thomas McIlwraith (third time) 27 March 1893 Ministerial
11th Hugh Nelson 27 October 1893 Ministerial
12th Thomas Joseph Byrnes 13 April 1898 Ministerial
13th James Dickson 1 October 1898 Ministerial
14th Anderson Dawson 1 December 1899 Labour
15th Robert Philp 7 December 1899 Ministerial
16th Arthur Morgan 17 September 1903 Liberal
17th William Kidston 19 January 1906 Labour; Kidston
_ Robert Philp (second time) 19 November 1907 Conservative
_ William Kidston (second time) 18 February 1908 Kidston; Ministerial
18th Digby Denham 7 February 1911 Ministerial
19th Thomas Joseph Ryan 1 June 1915 Labor
20th Ted Theodore 22 October 1919 Labor
21st William Gillies 26 February 1925 Labor
22nd William McCormack 22 October 1925 Labor
23rd Arthur Edward Moore 21 May 1929 CPNP
24th William Forgan Smith 17 June 1932 Labor
25th Frank Cooper 16 September 1942 Labor
26th Ned Hanlon 7 March 1946 Labor
27th Vince Gair 17 January 1952 Labor; QLP
28th Sir Francis Nicklin 12 August 1957 Country
29th Jack Pizzey 17 January 1968 Country
30th Sir Gordon Chalk 1 August 1968 Liberal
31st Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen 8 August 1968 Country/National
32nd Mike Ahern 1 December 1987 National
33rd Russell Cooper 25 September 1989 National
34th Wayne Goss 7 December 1989 Labor
35th Rob Borbidge 19 February 1996 National
36th Peter Beattie 20 June 1998 Labor
37th Anna Bligh 13 September 2007 Labor
38th Campbell Newman 26 March 2012 Liberal National

Living former premiers[edit]

As of December 2014, five former premiers are alive, the oldest being Russell Cooper (1989, born 1941). The most recent premier to die was Wayne Goss (1951-2014), on 10 Nov 2014.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
Mike Ahern 1987–1989 (1942-06-02) 2 June 1942 (age 72)
Russell Cooper 1989 (1941-02-04) 4 February 1941 (age 73)
Rob Borbidge 1996–1998 (1954-08-12) 12 August 1954 (age 60)
Peter Beattie 1998–2007 (1952-11-18) 18 November 1952 (age 62)
Anna Bligh 2007–2012 (1960-07-14) 14 July 1960 (age 54)

Graphical timeline[edit]

Campbell Newman Anna Bligh Peter Beattie Rob Borbidge Wayne Goss Russell Cooper Michael Ahern (Australian politician) Joh Bjelke-Petersen Gordon Chalk Jack Pizzey Francis Nicklin Vince Gair Ned Hanlon (politician) Frank Cooper William Forgan Smith Arthur Edward Moore William McCormack William Gillies (Australian politician) Ted Theodore T. J. Ryan Digby Denham William Kidston Arthur Morgan (Queensland politician) Robert Philp Anderson Dawson James Dickson Thomas Joseph Byrnes Hugh Nelson Boyd Morehead Samuel Griffith Thomas McIlwraith John Douglas (Queensland politician) George Thorn Arthur Hunter Palmer Charles Lilley Robert Mackenzie (Queensland politician) Arthur Macalister Robert Herbert World War II World War I

See also[edit]

External links[edit]