Premier of South Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Premiers of South Australia)
Jump to: navigation, search
Premier of South Australia
Jay Weatherill.jpg
Incumbent
Jay Weatherill
Style The Honourable
Appointer Governor of South Australia
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder B.T. Finniss
Formation 24 October 1856

Before the 1890s when there was no formal party system in South Australia, MPs tended to have historical liberal or conservative beliefs. The liberals dominated government from 1893 to 1905 with Labor support, with the conservatives mostly in opposition. Labor took government with the support of eight dissident liberals in 1905 when Labor gained more seats. The rise of Labor saw non-Labor politics start to merge into various party incarnations. The conservatives merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union (formed in 1906) to become the Liberal Union in 1910. Labor formed South Australia's first majority government after winning the 1910 state election, two weeks after federal Labor formed Australia's first majority government after winning the 1910 federal election.

List of Premiers of South Australia[edit]

The first six Governors of South Australia oversaw governance from proclamation in 1836 until responsible government was introduced in 1856.

No. Premier Party Assumed office Left office Period
1 B.T. Finniss BoyleFinniss.jpg 24 October 1856 21 August 1857 0 years, 301 days
2 John Baker John Baker SA.jpg 21 August 1857 1 September 1857 0 years, 11 days
3 Robert Torrens Robert Richard Torrens.jpg 1 September 1857 30 September 1857 0 years, 29 days
4 Richard Hanson Richard Hanson (Australia).jpg 30 September 1857 9 May 1860 2 years, 222 days
5 Thomas Reynolds Thomas Reynolds (Australian politician).jpg 9 May 1860 8 October 1861 1 year, 152 days
6 George Waterhouse George Marsden Waterhouse.jpg 8 October 1861 4 July 1863 1 year, 269 days
7 Francis Dutton Francis Dutton.jpg 4 July 1863 15 July 1863 0 years, 11 days
8 Henry Ayers Henry Ayers.jpg 15 July 1863 4 August 1864 1 year, 20 days
9 Arthur Blyth ArthurBlyth.jpg 4 August 1864 22 March 1865 0 years, 230 days
- Francis Dutton
(2nd time)
Francis Dutton.jpg 22 March 1865 20 September 1865 0 years, 182 days
Total - 193 days
- Henry Ayers
(2nd time)
Henry Ayers.jpg 20 September 1865 23 October 1865 0 years, 33 days
Total - 1 year, 53 days
10 John Hart John Hart (Australian politician).jpg 23 October 1865 28 March 1866 0 years, 156 days
11 James Boucaut Boucat.jpg 28 March 1866 3 May 1867 1 year, 36 days
- Henry Ayers
(3rd time)
Henry Ayers.jpg 3 May 1867 24 September 1868 1 year, 144 days
Total - 2 years, 197 days
- John Hart
(2nd time)
John Hart (Australian politician).jpg 24 September 1868 13 October 1868 0 years, 19 days
Total - 175 days
- Henry Ayers
(4th time)
Henry Ayers.jpg 13 October 1868 3 November 1868 0 years, 21 days
Total - 2 years, 218 days
12 Henry Strangways Henry Strangways.jpg 3 November 1868 30 May 1870 1 year, 208 days
- John Hart
(3rd time)
John Hart (Australian politician).jpg 30 May 1870 10 November 1871 1 year, 164 days
Total - 1 year, 339 days
- Arthur Blyth
(2nd time)
ArthurBlyth.jpg 10 November 1871 22 January 1872 0 years, 73 days
Total - 303 days
- Henry Ayers
(5th time)
Henry Ayers.jpg 22 January 1872 22 July 1873 1 year, 181 days
Total - 4 years, 34 days
- Arthur Blyth
(3rd time)
ArthurBlyth.jpg 22 July 1873 3 June 1875 1 year, 316 days
Total - 2 years, 254 days
- James Boucaut
(2nd time)
Boucat.jpg 3 June 1875 6 June 1876 1 year, 3 days
Total - 2 years, 39 days
13 John Colton John colton.jpg 6 June 1876 26 October 1877 1 year, 142 days
- James Boucaut
(3rd time)
Boucat.jpg 26 October 1877 27 September 1878 0 years, 336 days
Total - 3 years, 10 days
14 William Morgan William Morgan (Australian politician).jpg 27 September 1878 24 June 1881 2 years, 270 days
15 John Cox Bray John Cox Bray.jpg 24 June 1881 16 June 1884 2 years, 358 days
- John Colton
(2nd time)
John colton.jpg 16 June 1884 16 June 1885 1 year, 0 days
Total - 2 years, 142 days
16 John Downer John Downer (Australian politician).jpg 16 June 1885 11 June 1887 1 year, 360 days
17 Thomas Playford II Thomas playford II.jpg 11 June 1887 27 June 1889 2 years, 16 days
18 John Cockburn John Cockburn (Australian politician).jpg 27 June 1889 19 August 1890 1 year, 53 days
- Thomas Playford II
(2nd time)
Thomas playford II.jpg 19 August 1890 21 June 1892 1 year, 307 days
Total - 3 years, 323 days
19 Frederick Holder Frederick Holder1.jpg 21 June 1892 15 October 1892 0 years, 116 days
- John Downer
(2nd time)
John Downer (Australian politician).jpg conservatism[1] 15 October 1892 16 June 1893 0 years, 244 days
Total - 2 year, 239 days
20 Charles Kingston Charles Kingston.jpg liberalism 16 June 1893 1 December 1899 6 years, 168 days
21 Vaiben Louis Solomon Vaiben Solomon1.jpg conservatism 1 December 1899 8 December 1899 0 years, 7 days
- Frederick Holder
(2nd time)
Frederick Holder1.jpg liberalism 8 December 1899 15 May 1901 1 year, 158 days
Total - 1 year, 274 days
22 John Jenkins JohnJenkins.jpg liberalism 15 May 1901 1 March 1905 3 years, 290 days
23 Richard Butler Sir Richard Butler (Australia).jpg conservatism 1 March 1905 26 July 1905 0 years, 147 days
24 Thomas Price Thomas Price (Australian politician).jpg Labor 26 July 1905 5 June 1909 3 years, 314 days
25 Archibald Peake Archibald Peake.jpg LDU 5 June 1909 3 June 1910 0 years, 363 days
26 John Verran JohnVerran.jpg Labor 3 June 1910 17 February 1912 1 year, 259 days
- Archibald Peake
(2nd time)
Archibald Peake.jpg Liberal Union 17 February 1912 3 April 1915 3 years, 45 days
Total - 4 years, 43 days
27 Crawford Vaughan CrawfordVaughan.jpg Labor 3 April 1915 14 July 1917 2 years, 102 days
- Archibald Peake
(3rd time)
Archibald Peake.jpg Liberal Union 14 July 1917 8 April 1920 2 years, 269 days
Total - 6 years, 312 days
28 Henry Barwell Henry Barwell.jpg Liberal Union/
Liberal Federation
8 April 1920 16 April 1924 4 years, 8 days
29 John Gunn JohnGunn.jpg Labor 16 April 1924 28 August 1926 2 years, 134 days
30 Lionel Hill Lionel Hill1.JPG Labor 28 August 1926 8 April 1927 0 years, 223 days
31 Richard Layton Butler Richard Layton Butler.jpg Liberal Federation 8 April 1927 17 April 1930 3 years, 9 days
- Lionel Hill
(2nd time)
Lionel Hill1.JPG Labor 17 April 1930 13 February 1933 2 years, 302 days
Total - 3 years, 160 days
32 Robert Richards Robert Richards (Australia).gif Labor 13 February 1933 18 April 1933 0 years, 64 days
- Richard Layton Butler
(2nd time)
Richard Layton Butler.jpg LCL 18 April 1933 5 November 1938 5 years, 201 days
Total - 8 years, 210 days
33 Thomas Playford IV Playford portrait 38.jpg LCL 5 November 1938 10 March 1965 26 years, 125 days
34 Frank Walsh No image.svg Labor 10 March 1965 1 June 1967 2 years, 83 days
35 Don Dunstan YoungDunstan.JPG Labor 1 June 1967 17 April 1968 0 years, 321 days
36 Steele Hall No image.svg LCL 17 April 1968 2 June 1970 2 years, 46 days
- Don Dunstan
(2nd time)
YoungDunstan.JPG Labor 2 June 1970 15 February 1979 8 years, 258 days
Total - 9 years, 214 days
37 Des Corcoran No image.svg Labor 15 February 1979 18 September 1979 0 years, 215 days
38 David Tonkin No image.svg Liberal 18 September 1979 10 November 1982 3 years, 53 days
39 John Bannon John Bannon.jpg Labor 10 November 1982 4 September 1992 9 years, 299 days
40 Lynn Arnold No image.svg Labor 4 September 1992 14 December 1993 1 year, 101 days
41 Dean Brown No image.svg Liberal 14 December 1993 28 November 1996 2 years, 350 days
42 John Olsen John Olsen (1).jpg Liberal 28 November 1996 22 October 2001 4 years, 328 days
43 Rob Kerin No image.svg Liberal 22 October 2001 5 March 2002 0 years, 134 days
44 Mike Rann Mike Rann (smiling).jpg Labor 5 March 2002 21 October 2011 9 years, 230 days
45 Jay Weatherill Jay Weatherill.jpg Labor 21 October 2011 Incumbent 2 years, 282 days

Living former premiers[edit]

Former South Australian premiers (from left) Robert Richards, Richard L. Butler, Lionel Hill and Henry Barwell meet with then Premier Tom Playford in 1940

There are seven living former premiers, the oldest being Steele Hall (1968–70, born 1928). The most recent death, on 3 January 2004, was that of Des Corcoran (Premier Feb–Sept 1979), and the most recently serving premier to die was Dr David Tonkin (1979–1982), on 2 October 2000.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
Steele Hall 1968–1970 (1928-11-28) 28 November 1928 (age 85)
John Bannon 1982–1992 (1943-05-07) 7 May 1943 (age 71)
Lynn Arnold 1992–1993 (1949-01-27) 27 January 1949 (age 65)
Dean Brown 1993–1996 (1943-04-05) 5 April 1943 (age 71)
John Olsen 1996–2001 (1945-06-07) 7 June 1945 (age 69)
Rob Kerin 2001–2002 (1954-01-04) 4 January 1954 (age 60)
Mike Rann 2002–2011 (1953-01-05) 5 January 1953 (age 61)

Graphical timeline[edit]

In the following timeline, the legend includes the Liberal and Democratic Union, the Liberal Union and the Liberal Federation represented as "Liberal (pre-1979)". The Liberal Party of Australia is represented as "Liberal (post-1979)" only. The grey area represents the duration of Playmander electoral malapportionment, beginning in 1936, in effect until the 1970 election.


Jay Weatherill Mike Rann Rob Kerin John Olsen Dean Brown Lynn Arnold John Bannon David Tonkin Des Corcoran Steele Hall Don Dunstan Frank Walsh Thomas Playford IV Robert Richards (Australian politician) Richard Layton Butler Lionel Hill John Gunn (Australian politician) Henry Barwell Crawford Vaughan John Verran Archibald Peake Thomas Price Richard Butler (Australian politician) John Jenkins (Australian politician) Vaiben Solomon Charles Kingston Frederick Holder John Cockburn (Australian politician) Thomas Playford II John Downer John Cox Bray William Morgan (Australian politician) John Colton Henry Strangways James Boucaut John Hart (South Australian colonist) Arthur Blyth Henry Ayres Francis Dutton George Marsden Waterhouse Thomas Reynolds Richard Hanson (Australian politician) Robert Torrens John Baker (Australian politician) Boyle Finniss


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1893 SA election - Playford replaced Cockburn as premier of a ministerialist minority government on 19 August 1890, and Holder replaced Playford as premier of a ministerialist minority government on 21 June 1892. The Downer Conservative minority government replaced the Holder ministerialist minority government on 15 October 1892. The Kingston Liberal minority government formed following the 1893 election, but non not take office until 16 June 1893 after the Assembly met for the first time.

External links[edit]