Premiership of David Cameron

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The Right Honourable
David Cameron
MP
David Cameron Number 10 official photo.jpg
Official 10 Downing Street portrait
First Lord of the Treasury
Prime Minister
Incumbent
Assumed office
11 May 2010
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy Nick Clegg
Preceded by Gordon Brown
Personal details
Born David William Donald Cameron
(1966-10-09) 9 October 1966 (age 47)
London, England, UK
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Samantha Sheffield (m. 1996)
Children Ivan (Deceased)
Nancy
Arthur
Florence
Residence 10 Downing Street
Alma mater Eton College
Brasenose College, Oxford
Religion Anglicanism
Website Conservative Party website

The Premiership of David Cameron began on 11 May 2010 when Cameron accepted the Queen's invitation to form a government. This occurred upon the resignation of Cameron's predecessor as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Gordon Brown. While serving as prime minister, Cameron also serves as the First Lord of the Treasury, the Minister for the Civil Service and the Leader of the Conservative Party.

Cameron is prime minister at the head of a coalition government between the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats following the 2010 General Election in which no party gained an overall majority in the House of Commons. As one of his first moves Cameron appointed Nick Clegg, the leader of the Liberal Democrats, as Deputy Prime Minister on 11 May 2010. Between them, the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats control 363 seats in the House of Commons, with a majority of 76 seats.[1]

Background[edit]

At the 2010 general election on 6 May, the Conservative Party achieved its highest number of seats since the 1992 election, returning 306 MPs. However, it was still 20 seats short of an overall majority, resulting in the nation's first hung parliament since February 1974.[2] Talks between Cameron and Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg led to a coalition of the two parties, enabling the Queen to invite Cameron to form a government.

First day in office[edit]

Cameron is seen in front of Uthayan newspaper office which has been attacked several times and a number of its staff have been murdered.

Cameron and his wife Samantha Cameron were driven from Buckingham Palace arriving at Downing Street at about 20:55 on 11 May 2010. Cameron made a speech which started with a short tribute to the out-going Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, and the former Labour government.[3] He went on to describe the "difficult decisions" to reach "better times ahead".[4] Cameron and his wife entered 10 Downing Street together. He soon received a telephone call from United States President Barack Obama, the first foreign leader to congratulate him on his premiership.

Cameron met with his MPs in the Committee Room of the Commons at 22:00 on 11 May, celebrating, with cheering audible from the central hall of the Commons.[5] It is likely that he then explained the details of any coalition agreements made between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats to his MPs.[6]

May 2010[edit]

Cameron made his first official trips as Prime Minister in May 2010. His first visit was to Scotland where he met with First Minister Alex Salmond.[7] He then went on to visit Wales, meeting First Minister Jones, and Northern Ireland, meeting First Minister Peter Robinson. His first trip to a country not part of the United Kingdom was to France on 20 May where he met with the French President Nicolas Sarkozy.[8] They discussed the European Union, Iran, Afghanistan and Anglo-French relations. He then visited Germany on 21 May where he held talks with Chancellor Merkel,[9] mainly centred around the economic crisis in Greece.

Cabinet appointments[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Cameron ministry.

A press conference on the new cabinet took place at 14:15 on 12 May 2010 between the media, David Cameron and Nick Clegg. Soon after Cameron took office, it was confirmed that Clegg would be appointed to the semi-official role of Deputy Prime Minister,[10] whilst George Osborne would become the Chancellor of the Exchequer.[11] Later it was confirmed that William Hague had assumed the post of Foreign Secretary.[12] The post of Home Secretary went to Theresa May. Cameron's Cabinet includes Clegg and four other Liberal Democrats: Danny Alexander, Vince Cable, Chris Huhne, and David Laws.

Scandals[edit]

  • University tuition fees were trebled to a maximum of £9,000 per year even though Nick Clegg had pledged not to increase fees in his election campaign.[13]
  • The News of the World phone hacking scandal caused considerable damage to the Coalition in relation to David Cameron's employment of Andy Coulson. It was further aggravated by the announcement he had ridden Rebekah Brooks horse on loan from the Metropolitan Police, and the implicit involvement of Culture Secretary Jeremy Hunt, whom had been handed jurisdiction over Rupert Murdoch's BSkyB bid after Vince Cable's supposed expression of bias, in passing confidential information to the Murdoch empire regarding the bid's progress[14]
  • In November 2011 Home Secretary Theresa May came under heavy criticism[15] for presiding over a scheme weakening UK border controls, and allowing potential terrorists into the country unchecked. Some of the blame also fell on (now former) Head of the UK border force Brodie Clark, whom May claimed went beyond his remit.
  • Vince Cable was removed from a quasi-judicial role in deciding whether BSkyB should be allowed to takeover control of Sky, after being accused of bias against News Corporation, the company which owns BSkyB.[16]
  • Culture Secretary Jeremy Hunt allegedly colluded with News Corporation during their takeover bid for BSkyB, by exchanging ostensibly supportive emails with Frédéric Michel, News Corp’s director of public affairs. Hunt chose not to refer the takeover bid to the Competition Commission.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lyall, Sarah (25 June 2014). "Britain's Improbable New Leaders Promise Big Changes". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ "Election 2010 results". BBC News (BBC). 7 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "David Cameron's Speech on the steps of 10 Downing St". BBC News (BBC). 11 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 
  4. ^ His speech is available on Wikiquote at his page.
  5. ^ "Loud Cheers come from Committee Room during Tory MP Meeting". BBC TV News (BBC). 11 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Guardian Live Blog detailing Plans to meet MP's at Commons". Guardian Live Election Blog (Guardian Newspaper). 11 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 
  7. ^ BBC News - Cameron calls for Scots 'respect'
  8. ^ BBC News - Cameron defends staying out of euro as he meets Sarkozy
  9. ^ BBC News - Cameron wants strong EU role but will not yield powers
  10. ^ "David Cameron and Nick Clegg pledge 'united' coalition". BBC News. 12 May 2010. 
  11. ^ "George Osborne to become Chancellor of the Exchequer". BBC News 24 Ticker (BBC). 11 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "William Hague to become Foreign Secretary". BBC News 24 Ticker (BBC). 11 May 2010. 
  13. ^ Prince, Rosa; Porter, Andrew (10 November 2010). "Nick Clegg admits breaking tuition fees pledge". BBC. 
  14. ^ "The BSkyB takeover emails". BBC. 25 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "Theresa May plays blame game on UK border controls". The Week. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Taking Vince Cable off the BSkyB case". Retrieved 19 August 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Lee, Simon; Beech, Matt (2011). The Cameron-Clegg Government: Coalition Politics in an Age of Austerity. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0230296442. 
  • Heppell, Timothy; Seawright, David (2012). Cameron and the Conservatives: The Transition to Coalition Government. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0230314108. 
  • Hazell, Robert; Yong, Ben (2012). The Politics of Coalition: How the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Government Works. Hart Publishing. ISBN 978-1849463102. 
  • Jokela, Juha,

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Gordon Brown
British Premierships
2010-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent