Miguel de Cervantes Prize
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|Miguel de Cervantes Prize|
Medal of the Miguel de Cervantes Prize
|Presented by||Ministry of Culture|
The Miguel de Cervantes Prize (Spanish: Premio de Literatura en Lengua Castellana Miguel de Cervantes), established in 1976, is awarded annually to honour the lifetime achievement of an outstanding writer in the Spanish language. The prize is similar to the Man Booker International Prize, awarded every two years to a living author who has published fiction either originally in English or whose work is generally available in translation in the English language, in that it rewards authors from any Spanish-speaking nation, and recognizes the recipient's overall body of work. The award is named after Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote.
The candidates are proposed by the Association of Spanish Language Academies, and the prize is awarded by the Ministry of Culture of Spain. The winner receives a monetary award of 125,000 euros, it is one of the richest literary prizes in the world and one of the most prestigious in the Spanish language.
The Cervantes Prize and the Nobel Prize in Literature
Two winners of the Cervantes Prize, Octavio Paz (Cervantes 1981, Nobel 1990) and Mario Vargas Llosa (Cervantes 1994, Nobel 2010) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in subsequent years. Camilo José Cela first received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1989 and was awarded the Cervantes Prize in 1995.
The list of winners is available at the official Premio 'Miguel Cervantes' website.
Winners per country
- José Bergamín (1895-1983, Spanish)
- José María Pemán (1897-1981, Spanish)
- Vicente Aleixandre (1898-1984, Spanish)
- Ramón J. Sender (1901-1982, Spanish)
- Pascual Venegas Filardo (1911-2003, Venezuelan)
- Arturo Uslar Pietri (1906-2001, Venezuelan)
- Victoriano Crémer (1906-2009, Spanish)
- Pedro Laín Entralgo (1908-2001, Spanish)
- José Lezama Lima (1910-1976, Cuban)
- Manuel Mujica Láinez (1910-1984, Argentine)
- Julio Caro Baroja (1914-1995, Spanish)
- Julio Cortázar (1914-1984, Argentine)
- Juan Rulfo (1917-1986, Mexican)
- José Luis Sampedro (1917-2013, Spanish)
- Juan José Arreola (1918-2001, Mexican)
- Rafael Morales (1919-2005, Spanish)
- Olga Orozco (1920-1999, Argentine)
- Augusto Monterroso (1921-2003, Guatemalan)
- Jorge Semprún (1923-2011, Spanish)
- José Donoso (1924-1996, Chilean)
- Carmen Martín Gaite (1925-2000, Spanish)
- Juan Benet (1927-1993, Spanish)
- Tomás Segovia (1927-2011, Spanish)
- Gabriel García Márquez (1927-2014, Colombian)
- José Agustín Goytisolo (1928-1999, Spanish)
- Julio Ramón Ribeyro (1929-1994, Peruvian)
- Jaime Gil de Biedma (1929-1990, Spanish)
- Juan García Ponce (1932-2003, Mexican)
- Salvador Elizondo (1932-2006, Mexican)
- Tomás Eloy Martínez (1934-2010, Argentine)
- Félix Grande (1937-2014, Spanish)
- Carlos Monsiváis (1938-2010, Mexican)
- Manuel Vázquez Montalbán (1939-2003, Spanish)
- Roberto Bolaño (1953-2003, Chilean)
The following is a list of well-known and lesser known writers whose literary work has generated enough verifiable media attention in journals, newspapers and the blogosphere to be potential future Cervantes Prize winners.
- Carlos Bousoño (born May 9, 1923, Spanish)
- Eugenio de Nora (born 1923, Spanish)
- Francisco Nieva (born December 29, 1924, Spanish)
- Ernesto Cardenal (born January 20, 1925, Nicaraguan)
- Alfonso Sastre (born February 20, 1926, Spanish)
- Emilio Lledó (born November 5, 1927, Spanish)
- Margo Glantz (born January 28, 1930, Mexican)
- Rafael Cadenas (born April 8, 1930, Venezuelan)
- Fernando Arrabal (born August 11, 1932, Spanish)
- Fernando del Paso (born April 1, 1935, Mexican)
- Alfredo Bryce (born February 19, 1939, Peruvian)
- Eduardo Galeano (born September 3, 1940, Uruguayan)
- Ricardo Piglia (born November 24, 1941, Argentinian)
- Fernando Vallejo (born October 24, 1942, Colombian)
- Javier Marías (born September 20, 1951, Spanish)
Notes and references
- "Premio "Miguel de Cervantes"" (in Spanish). Spain: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- Ex-aequo award.
- "Javier Marías on Your Face Tomorrow". The Guardian (video). 17 December 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2012.