Miguel de Cervantes Prize

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Miguel de Cervantes Prize
Medal of the Miguel de Cervantes Prize.svg
Medal of the Miguel de Cervantes Prize
Country Spain
Presented by Ministry of Culture
Reward €125,000
First awarded 1976

The Miguel de Cervantes Prize (Spanish: Premio de Literatura en Lengua Castellana Miguel de Cervantes), established in 1976, is awarded annually to honour the lifetime achievement of an outstanding writer in the Spanish language. The prize is similar to the Man Booker International Prize, awarded every two years to a living author who has published fiction either originally in English or whose work is generally available in translation in the English language, in that it rewards authors from any Spanish-speaking nation, and recognizes the recipient's overall body of work. The award is named after Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote.

The candidates are proposed by the Association of Spanish Language Academies, and the prize is awarded by the Ministry of Culture of Spain. The winner receives a monetary award of 125,000 euros, it is one of the richest literary prizes in the world and one of the most prestigious in the Spanish language.[1]

The Cervantes Prize and the Nobel Prize in Literature[edit]

Two winners of the Cervantes Prize, Octavio Paz (Cervantes 1981, Nobel 1990) and Mario Vargas Llosa (Cervantes 1994, Nobel 2010) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in subsequent years. Camilo José Cela first received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1989 and was awarded the Cervantes Prize in 1995.

Winners[edit]

The list of winners is available at the official Premio 'Miguel Cervantes' website.[2]

Year Winner Country Genre(s)
1976 Jorge Guillén y la infancia.jpg Jorge Guillén  Spain poetry
1977 Alejocarpentier.jpg Alejo Carpentier  Cuba novel, essay
1978 Dámaso Alonso.jpg Dámaso Alonso  Spain poetry
1979[3] Jorge Luis Borges 1951, by Grete Stern.jpg Jorge Luis Borges  Argentina short story, poetry, essay, translation
Monumento a Gerardo Diego.jpg Gerardo Diego  Spain poetry
1980 "Retrat de l'escriptor Juan Carlos Onetti (1909-1994)".png Juan Carlos Onetti  Uruguay novel
1981 Octavio Paz - 1988 Malmö.jpg Octavio Paz  Mexico poetry, essay
1982 Luis Rosales  Spain poetry
1983 RafaelAlberti01.JPG Rafael Alberti  Spain poetry
1984 Ernesto Sábato 1945.jpg Ernesto Sabato  Argentina novel, essay
1985 Gonzalo Torrente Ballester-ERREKA.jpg Gonzalo Torrente Ballester  Spain novel
1986 Antonio Buero Vallejo.jpg Antonio Buero Vallejo  Spain drama
1987 Carlos Fuentes.jpg Carlos Fuentes  Mexico novel
1988 María Zambrano ca. 1918.JPG María Zambrano  Spain philosophy, essay
1989 Escritor Augusto R. Bastos.jpg Augusto Roa Bastos  Paraguay novel
1990 Bioy.png Adolfo Bioy Casares  Argentina novel, short story
1991 Francisco Ayala.jpg Francisco Ayala  Spain novel, short story, essay, translation
1992 Dulce frente a su escritorio.jpg Dulce María Loynaz  Cuba poetry
1993 Placa a Miguel Delibes en la Calle Santiago de Valladolid.jpg Miguel Delibes  Spain novel
1994 Mario Vargas Llosa (2010).jpg Mario Vargas Llosa  Peru novel, essay, short story, drama
1995 Camilo José Cela Madrid 1996.jpg Camilo José Cela  Spain novel
1996 José García Nieto  Spain poetry
1997 Guillermo Cabrera Infante.jpg Guillermo Cabrera Infante  Cuba novel
1998 José Hierro-SSReyes.jpg José Hierro  Spain poetry
1999 Jorge Edwards (Feria del Libro de Madrid, 6 de junio de 2008).jpg Jorge Edwards  Chile novel
2000 Francisco Umbral - Francisco Alejandro Pérez Martínez.jpg Francisco Umbral  Spain novel, essay
2001 Álvaro Mutis  Colombia poetry, novel
2002 José Jiménez Lozano.jpg José Jiménez Lozano  Spain novel
2003 Gonzalo Rojas - PUC.jpg Gonzalo Rojas  Chile poetry
2004 Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio  Spain novel, essay
2005 Sergio Pitol  Mexico novel
2006 Antonio Gamoneda.jpg Antonio Gamoneda  Spain poetry
2007 Juan Gelman -presidenciagovar- 31JUL07.jpg Juan Gelman  Argentina poetry
2008 Juan Marsé.jpg Juan Marsé  Spain novel
2009 Jeppacheco.jpg José Emilio Pacheco  Mexico poetry, novel, short story
2010 Ana María Matute.jpg Ana María Matute  Spain novel
2011 Nicanor Parra cropped.jpg Nicanor Parra  Chile poetry
2012 Caballero Bonald.jpg José Manuel Caballero Bonald  Spain poetry, novel
2013 YampolskyBookPresentation16.JPG Elena Poniatowska  Mexico novel

Winners per country[edit]

 Spain 20
 Mexico 5
 Argentina 4
 Chile 3
 Cuba 3
 Colombia 1
 Paraguay 1
 Peru 1
 Uruguay 1
Total 39

Omissions[edit]

P literature.svg This literature-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
  1. José Bergamín (1895-1983, Spanish)
  2. José María Pemán (1897-1981, Spanish)
  3. Vicente Aleixandre (1898-1984, Spanish)
  4. Ramón J. Sender (1901-1982, Spanish)
  5. Pascual Venegas Filardo (1911-2003, Venezuelan)
  6. Arturo Uslar Pietri (1906-2001, Venezuelan)
  7. Victoriano Crémer (1906-2009, Spanish)
  8. Pedro Laín Entralgo (1908-2001, Spanish)
  9. José Lezama Lima (1910-1976, Cuban)
  10. Manuel Mujica Láinez (1910-1984, Argentine)
  11. Julio Caro Baroja (1914-1995, Spanish)
  12. Julio Cortázar (1914-1984, Argentine)
  13. Juan Rulfo (1917-1986, Mexican)
  14. José Luis Sampedro (1917-2013, Spanish)
  15. Juan José Arreola (1918-2001, Mexican)
  16. Rafael Morales (1919-2005, Spanish)
  17. Olga Orozco (1920-1999, Argentine)
  18. Augusto Monterroso (1921-2003, Guatemalan)
  19. Jorge Semprún (1923-2011, Spanish)
  20. José Donoso (1924-1996, Chilean)
  21. Carmen Martín Gaite (1925-2000, Spanish)
  22. Juan Benet (1927-1993, Spanish)
  23. Tomás Segovia (1927-2011, Spanish)
  24. Gabriel García Márquez (1927-2014, Colombian)
  25. José Agustín Goytisolo (1928-1999, Spanish)
  26. Julio Ramón Ribeyro (1929-1994, Peruvian)
  27. Jaime Gil de Biedma (1929-1990, Spanish)
  28. Juan García Ponce (1932-2003, Mexican)
  29. Salvador Elizondo (1932-2006, Mexican)
  30. Tomás Eloy Martínez (1934-2010, Argentine)
  31. Félix Grande (1937-2014, Spanish)
  32. Carlos Monsiváis (1938-2010, Mexican)
  33. Manuel Vázquez Montalbán (1939-2003, Spanish)
  34. Roberto Bolaño (1953-2003, Chilean)

Potential candidates[edit]

The following is a list of well-known and lesser known writers whose literary work has generated enough verifiable media attention in journals, newspapers and the blogosphere to be potential future Cervantes Prize winners.

  1. Carlos Bousoño (born May 9, 1923, Spanish)
  2. Eugenio de Nora (born 1923, Spanish)
  3. Francisco Nieva (born December 29, 1924, Spanish)
  4. Ernesto Cardenal (born January 20, 1925, Nicaraguan)
  5. Alfonso Sastre (born February 20, 1926, Spanish)
  6. Emilio Lledó (born November 5, 1927, Spanish)
  7. Margo Glantz (born January 28, 1930, Mexican)
  8. Rafael Cadenas (born April 8, 1930, Venezuelan)
  9. Juan Goytisolo (born January 6, 1931, Spanish)
  10. Fernando Arrabal (born August 11, 1932, Spanish)
  11. Fernando del Paso (born April 1, 1935, Mexican)
  12. Eduardo Galeano (born September 3, 1940, Uruguayan)
  13. Fernando Vallejo (born October 24, 1942, Colombian)
  14. Alfredo Bryce (born February 19, 1939, Peruvian)
  15. Javier Marías (born September 20, 1951, Spanish)[4]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/103671/Cervantes-Prize
  2. ^ "Premio "Miguel de Cervantes"" (in Spanish). Spain: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. Retrieved November 30, 2012. 
  3. ^ Ex-aequo award.
  4. ^ "Javier Marías on Your Face Tomorrow". The Guardian (video). 17 December 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 

External links[edit]