Premont, Texas

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Premont, Texas
City
Location of Premont, Texas
Location of Premont, Texas
Jim Wells Premont.svg
Coordinates: 27°21′29″N 98°7′33″W / 27.35806°N 98.12583°W / 27.35806; -98.12583Coordinates: 27°21′29″N 98°7′33″W / 27.35806°N 98.12583°W / 27.35806; -98.12583
Country United States
State Texas
County Jim Wells
Area
 • Total 1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Land 1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 161 ft (49 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,772
 • Density 1,622.6/sq mi (626.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 78375
Area code(s) 361
FIPS code 48-59384[1]
GNIS feature ID 1344536[2]

Premont is a city in Jim Wells County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,772 at the 2000 census. A July 1, 2008 U.S. Census Bureau estimate placed the population at 2,789.[3]

Geography[edit]

Premont is located at 27°21′29″N 98°7′33″W / 27.35806°N 98.12583°W / 27.35806; -98.12583 (27.358064, -98.125766).[4] It is situated at along U.S. Highway 281 (Future Interstate 69C) in south central Jim Wells County, approximately 26 miles (42 km) south of Alice.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), all of it land.

Premont is located on U.S. Highway 281, between Alice and Falfurrias, two towns that Morgan Smith of the Texas Tribune refers to as "relative hubs."[6]

History[edit]

The site was part of the Los Olmos y Loma Blanca land grant issues to Ignacio de la Peña on December 9, 1831.[7] Peña and his heirs occupied the land for the next thirty years. On November 1, 1907, banker and real estate developer R.P. Halderman purchased a 43,275-acre (175.13 km2) plot of land from the heirs of Henry Seeligson for $540,939.50.[8] He then subdivided the land into five and 10-acre (40,000 m2) tracts to entice residents from the northern U.S to invest in South Texas, citing the region's warm climate and ideal planting conditions.

In 1908 or 1909, a town site was surveyed by C.F.H. Von Bulcher. Halderman named the new community Premont, after Seeligson Ranch foreman Charles Premont. A section of the community, located east of the railroad, was set aside for Mexican and Mexican-American families.[9] A plaza called Hidalgo Park was designed and built to serve those families. R.P. Halderman sold hundreds of lots to Charles Premont, who in turn, served as the real estate agent for the Mexican families as he was fluent in Spanish. He also donated the funds to build Santa Theresa Catholic Church, a Roman Catholic institution that now minsters to three missions. Several businesses, including a post office and a general store owned by Andrés Canales, opened in the community during its early years. Premont became part of the newly organized county of Jim Wells on March 11, 1911.[8] In an election held on May 6, 1911, Charles Premont was elected as the county's first commissioner. By 1912, Premont had ten businesses and an estimated population of 800. That figure had risen to approximately 1,000 by 1914, the same year that the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway built a stop at Premont.[5] The Premont Independent School District was created in 1921.[9] At the time of its creation, Premont ISD was the largest school district in Jim Wells County. Premont's population had declined to roughly 600 by 1925.

The discovery of oil in the area during the early 1930s caused the community to grow substantially. On May 12, 1933, Premont's first producing oil well was drilled.[7] The community incorporated in 1939 and had a population of 1,080 in 1940. With its revitalized and oil-based economy, Premont continued to grow and prosper during the early post-war years. The town was home to 2,619 residents in 1950 and had a total of 55 businesses in 1952. In 1955, American Legion Post No. 297 was dedicated in Premont.[7] The population peaked at 3,282 in the 1970 census and slowly declined during the final two decades of the twentieth century.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 1,080
1950 2,619 142.5%
1960 3,049 16.4%
1970 3,282 7.6%
1980 2,984 −9.1%
1990 2,914 −2.3%
2000 2,772 −4.9%
Est. 2008 2,789

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,772 people, 926 households, and 695 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,622.6 people per square mile (625.9/km²). There were 1,072 housing units at an average density of 627.5 per square mile (242.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.33% White, 0.54% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 20.89% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 84.05% of the population.

There were 926 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.49.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,022, and the median income for a family was $27,917. Males had a median income of $22,569 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,198. About 27.2% of families and 33.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.0% of those under age 18 and 28.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public education in the city of Premont is provided by the Premont Independent School District. The district has three campuses – Premont Elementary School] (grades PK-5), Premont Junior High School] (grades 6-8) and Premont High School (grades 9-12).

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Table 4: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Texas, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ a b "Premont, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  6. ^ Smith, Morgan. "Premont ISD Still Has Work to Do After Cutting Sports." Texas Tribune. April 8, 2012. Retrieved on September 19, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c "Premont, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  8. ^ a b "Premont, Texas – The Mexican Heritage". El Mesteno Magazine. January 2001. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  9. ^ a b "Premont, Texas" (PDF). Official and Unofficial Geographies: Ethnographies of Place (La Voz de Esperanza). Abel Garcia, Esperanza Peace & Justice Center. May 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  10. ^ "J. M. Lozano". ballotpedia.org. Retrieved February 19, 2014.