From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Prenoun is the term for adjective-like prefixes that attach to nouns in Algonquian languages and the Korean language.

Algonquian languages[edit]

For example, in Nêhiyawêwin (Plains Cree), the term for "cat" is minôs, with the addition of the prenoun wâpiski- ("white"), the term wâpiski-minôs means white-cat , and with the prenoun misi- ("big"), it becomes misi-minôs with the meaning "big cat".

Prenouns can also be attached to verbs, in which case they are referred to by the term "preverb" ; misi-mîcsow, "s/he eats a lot"

Korean language[edit]

In the Korean language, prenouns are used to modify pronouns, numerals, and nouns. They are different from adjectives in Korean. While adjectives may be conjugated in Korean, prenouns cannot. As well prenouns modify whereas adjectives simply indicate the state of an object.

An example of prenoun usage is in this sentence:

그는 맛있는 고기를 좋아해요.
He delicious meat likes

In this sentence the word "delicious" is a prenoun. It is not conjugated and modifies the object of the sentence. Compared with the following sentence:

이 고기는 맛있어요.
This meat delicious

"Delicious" is conjugated and becomes an adjective. This is used to indicate the current state of the object.[1]


  1. ^ Lee, Chul Young (2004). Essential Grammar for Korean as a second Language (PDF). pp. 19–21. Retrieved 3 January 2010. 
  • Mühlbauer, Jeff, Affix Reduplication in Nêhiyawêwin (Plains Cree) [1]