Prentice Henry Marshall (August 7, 1926 – May 24, 2004) was a United States District judge on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.
Early life and education
Born in Oak Park, Illinois, Marshall graduated from Oak Park High School (now Oak Park and River Forest High School) in 1944 and then served two years in the United States Navy. Under the G.I. Bill, he studied at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, earning a bachelor's degree in 1949. While there he was a member of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. Marshall then earned a law degree from the University of Illinois College of Law in 1951.
Marshall then served as a law clerk for Judge Walter C. Lindley on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit from 1951 until 1953.
A Democrat, Marshall worked in private legal practice in Chicago from 1953 until 1967 at Johnston, Thompson, Raymond & Mayer (which later became known as Jenner & Block), becoming partner in 1961. While at Jenner, Marshall also served as a special assistant attorney general for the state of Illinois from 1964 until 1967. Marshall also built a reputation for starting Jenner's pro bono legal program. Marshall then served as a law professor at the University of Illinois College of Law from 1967 until 1973 and as a hearing officer for the Illinois Fair Employment Practices Commission from 1967 until 1972.
Federal judicial service
On June 27, 1973, President Richard Nixon nominated Marshall to be a judge on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois to replace Judge Alexander J. Napoli, who had died. The United States Senate confirmed Marshall just 16 days later, on July 13, 1973. Marshall was one of the few Democrats ever nominated to the federal bench by Nixon.
During his tenure on the bench, Marshall became known—by his own admission—as an activist judge, ordering the Chicago Police Department in 1976 to hire women and stop discrimination against black and Hispanic officers. He also ruled in 1982 that the random interrogation of Hispanics by what was then known as the Immigration and Naturalization Service was unconstitutional.
Perhaps Marshall's best-known case, however, was a 1982 trial that sent the then-president of the Teamsters Union, Roy L. Williams, to prison for three years. In that case, Williams, Chicago mob boss Joseph Lombardo and three other defendants—one of whom, Chicago insurance man Allan Dorfman, was shot to death while out on bond awaiting sentencing—were found to have conspired to bribe U.S. Sen. Howard Cannon.
Marshall married his high school sweetheart, Lorelei Towle, in 1948. The couple had four children: Prentice Marshall, Jr., Pamela Holcombe, Fred Marshall and Connie Pilato. Lorelei Marshall died in 2005 at age 78.
- Napolitano, Jo (2004-05-28). "Prentice Marshall, 77, Federal Judge, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Marshall, Prentice Henry". Judges of the United States Courts. Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "AROUND THE NATION; Sentencing Postponed For Teamsters' Chief". The New York Times. 1983-02-11. Retrieved 2009-02-09.