Prentice Women's Hospital Building
||This article should be divided into sections by topic, to make it more accessible. (April 2014)|
|Prentice Women's Hospital and Maternity Center|
|Location||333 E. Superior St.
|Opening||December 10, 1975|
|Inaugurated||January 22, 1976|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Bertrand Goldberg & Associates|
|Structural engineer||Bertrand Goldberg & Associates|
|Main contractor||Paschen Contractors, Inc., Gust K. Newberg Construction Co.|
The brutalist design by architect Bertrand Goldberg featured a 9-story concrete quatrefoil tower with oval windows cantilevered over a rectangular 5-story podium. The tower was used as a maternity center, with nursing stations located in the central core and patient wards in the four lobes—a layout which minimized distances between nurse and patient.
Aside from its unique shape, which structural engineer William F. Baker calls "the only example of its type anywhere in the world", the complex curvilinear structure made construction history with its use of early computer-aided design techniques. Software engineers at Bertrand Goldberg & Associates adapted software used by the aeronautical industry to create a 3D mapping technique which sped up the design by months.
Goldberg began design in 1971, after the consolidation of Passavant Deaconess Hospital and Wesley Hospital. It was named for Abra “Abbie” Cantrill Prentice. It was opened in 1975.
The building was vacated in 2011 after serving as a hospital until the new Prentice Women's Hospital opened nearby at 250 East Superior Street in 2007. Northwestern University announced plans to demolish it and replace it with a medical research facility. Preservationists and prominent architects (including at least 6 Pritzker Prize winners) had called on Northwestern and the City of Chicago to save the building, appealing to Chicago's "global reputation as a nurturer of bold and innovative architecture". Jeanne Gang presented a reuse design incorporating the building into a skyscraper.
In the debate over the building's planned demolition, Northwestern argued that the site was needed for medical research aimed at attacking heart disease, cancer, and children's diseases. Preservationists responded that Northwestern Memorial Hospital owns a two-square-block piece of vacant land directly across the street from Prentice, and within a potential skybridge's reach from the university's existing research building. As of September 2012, the building was awaiting a hearing before the Chicago Landmarks Commission sometime in autumn 2012.
On November 1, 2012, the Landmarks Commission went through an expedited landmark designation process, ultimately voting against the designation.
In late November 2012, Cook County Circuit Court, Judge Neil Cohen entered a stay that restored the Commission’s preliminary Landmark recommendation for the time being and barred the city from issuing a demolition permit. Judge Cohen set the next court date for December 7 and made it clear that he wanted to see Prentice protected in the interim. After the original denial of landmark status, The National Trust for Historic Preservation sponsored a campaign to save the building.
On March 18, 2013, Northwestern announced the approval of the demolition permit for the building. The National Trust for Historic Preservation cited the site as one of ten historic sites lost in 2013.
On October 29, 2013, an 8-minute documentary, The Absent Column, about the struggle to save the building from demolition, was released online after screening at the Durban International Film Festival, Architecture Film Festival Rotterdam and the Architecture & Design Film Festival New York. The film was produced and directed by Northwestern graduate Nathan Eddy and features interviews with Vanity Fair architecture critic Paul Goldberger, local Chicago preservation groups and Northwestern University. It played in Chicago in March 2014, when the building was almost completely gone.
Demolition of the building was completed in September 2014.
- Ribstein, Susannah. "Prentice Women’s Hospital Landmark Nomination" (PDF). National Trust for Historic Preservation. Retrieved 21 December 2013-12-21. Check date values in:
- Page, Eleanor (1976-01-08). "Big day in store for new women's hospital". Chicago Tribune.
- "Old Prentice Women's Hospital Building in Chicago, Illinois, United States - Phorio". Retrieved 2012-09-18.
- Grossman, Ron. "Debate over Chicago's Prentice hospital heats up". Chicago Tribume. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
- Goldberg, Geoffrey (2012-09-05) "Let's Save an Architectural Gem That Also Pioneered Engineering". Engineering News Record online. Retrieved 2012-09-09.
- Kamin, Blair (2012-08-03) "Emanuel noncommittal on fate of Prentice building" Chicago Tribune
- Joravsky, Ben (2012-08-16) "Prentice preservationists put Rahm in a bind" Chicago Reader
- Isaacs, Deanna (2012-08-30) "Rahm's golden opportunity: save Prentice hospital" Chicago Reader
- ArchitectureChicago Plus blog (2012-08-30) "Herzog and de Meuron, Souto de Moura, Ando and Venturi add their voices to saving Bertrand Goldberg's Prentice Hospital".
- Kimmelman, Michael (October 17, 2012). "A Vision to Avoid Demolition for a ’70s Pioneer". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- Isaacs, Deanna (2012-09-06) "Prentice will get its hearing at the Landmarks Commission" Chicago Reader
- Studenkov, Igor (1 November 2012). "Prentice Denied Landmark Status". Skyline. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Prentice Hospital Granted Temporary Reprieve". National Trust for Historic Preservation. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- Geiger, Kim. "Northwestern gains permit to raze old Prentice hospital". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- staff (January 5, 2014). "A look at 10 historic sites save, 10 lost in 2013". Associated Press as reported by the Post Crescent. p. F3.
- Johnson, Sara. "Goodbye, Prentice Women's Hospital". Architect.
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