Prentiss M. Brown
|Prentiss M. Brown|
|United States Senator
November 19, 1936 – January 3, 1943
|Preceded by||James J. Couzens|
|Succeeded by||Homer S. Ferguson|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 11th district
March 4, 1933 – November 18, 1936
|Preceded by||Frank P. Bohn|
|Succeeded by||John F. Luecke|
June 18, 1889|
St. Ignace, Michigan
|Died||December 19, 1973
St. Ignace, Michigan
|Children||Prentiss M. Brown, Jr., Paul W. Brown, Jim Brown, four others|
|Alma mater||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Brown was born in St. Ignace, Michigan and attended the public schools there. He attended the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and graduated from Albion College in Albion, Michigan in 1911. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1914 and commenced practice in St. Ignace.
Brown was prosecuting attorney of Mackinac County from 1914 to 1926 and the city attorney of St. Ignace from 1916 to 1928. He was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1924 to the United States House of Representatives and in 1928 for election as justice of the Michigan Supreme Court. He was a member of the State Board of Law Examiners from 1930 to 1942.
Brown was elected as a Democrat from Michigan's 11th congressional district to the United States House of Representatives for the 73rd Congress and was reelected to the 74th Congress, serving from March 4, 1933, until his resignation, effective November 18, 1936. (Brown remains the only Democrat ever to be elected twice in the heavily-Republican district's 131-year history.)
He was elected as a Democrat on November 3, 1936, to the United States Senate for the term beginning January 3, 1937, but was subsequently appointed to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of James Couzens for the term ending January 3, 1937. In total, he served from November 19, 1936, to January 3, 1943.
He was chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Claims in the Seventy-seventh Congress. He was also a member of the Banking and Currency Committee, and in this capacity was instrumental in helping Franklin D. Roosevelt achieve his desired wage and farm price controls. He was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1942.
After Congress: family
In December 1942, Roosevelt selected Brown to take over as administrator of the Office of Price Administration, replacing Leon Henderson, whose tenure as administrator was listed as one of the major reasons for Democratic losses in the 1942 elections. In 1943 he resumed the practice of law in both Washington, D.C., and Detroit, Michigan. He also served as chairman of the Detroit Edison Company.
In 1951, Brown was named chairman of the new Mackinac Bridge Authority and served until his death. During his chairmanship, this authority oversaw the construction of Michigan's Mackinac Bridge. Brown died in St. Ignace at the age of 84 and is interred there at Lakeside Cemetery.
Two of Brown's children were also active in Democratic party politics. Prentiss M. Brown, Jr., ran unsuccessfully for Congress several times, in 1952, 1956, 1958, and 1960, and was the city attorney for St. Ignace for 50 years. Paul Walker Brown was a member of the Board of Regents of the University of Michigan from 1971 until 1994, and ran unsuccessfully for Lieutenant Governor in 1974.
- He has been called the "father of the Mackinac Bridge." His import was so great that his visage was placed on a special memorial bridge token created by the Mackinac Bridge Authority.
- In 2004, Albion College renamed its Honors Institute the Prentiss M. Brown Honors Institute in memory of the 1911 alumnus.
- Between 1976 and 2001, the stretch of Interstate 75 between the Mackinac Bridge and Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, was known as the Prentiss M. Brown Memorial Highway. Since 2001, the Prentiss M. Brown Memorial Highway is designated as the name of I-75 in Mackinac County on the north side of the Mackinac Bridge.
- His accomplishments are commemorated as a "Michigan Legal Milestone" erected by the State Bar of Michigan.
- He is prominently featured in the PBS documentary "Building the Mighty Mac" by LA filmmaker Mark Howell.
- Dictionary of American Biography
- Barnett, LeRoy (2004), A Drive Down Memory Lane: The Named State and Federal Highways of Michigan, Allegan Forest, MI: The Priscilla Press, ISBN 1-886167-24-9, OCLC 57425393
- Brown, Prentiss M. The Mackinac Bridge Story. Detroit: Wayne University Press, 1956.
- Kestenbaum, Lawrence, "Index to Politicians: Brown, O to R", The Political Graveyard
- Paquin, Ellen (May 10, 2007), "Prentiss Brown Jr. Recalls Half Century of Progress in St. Ignace", The St. Ignace News
- Time (December 28, 1942), "Enter Grimly", Time
- Prentiss M. Brown at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Prentiss M. Brown at Findagrave
|United States House of Representatives|
Frank P. Bohn
|United States Representative for the 11th congressional district of Michigan
John F. Luecke
|United States Senate|
James J. Couzens
|United States Senator (Class 2) from Michigan
Homer S. Ferguson