Presbyterian Church of Ghana

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The Presbyterian Church of Ghana
Presbyterian Church of Ghana logo
Presbyterian Church of Ghana logo
Classification Protestant
Orientation liberal Calvinist
Theology Reformed
Polity Presbyterian
Associations World Council of Churches and World Communion of Reformed Churches[1]
Origin 1828/1955[2]
Cape Coast, Ghana
Branched from Basel Mission of Germany
Congregations 2,200
Members 566,000
Official website [2]

The Presbyterian Church of Ghana is a Protestant church in Ghana. The church was started by the Basel missionaries in 1828. The missionaries had been trained in Germany and arrived on the Gold Coast to spread Christianity.[2] The work of the mission became stronger when missionaries from the West Indies arrived in the country. The church set up a seminary for the training of church workers to help in the missionary work. The Twi language was added as part of the text used in the training of the seminarians. At the beginning of the 21st century the church had founded churches among the Asante people, where lived in the middle belt of Ghana. The Basel missionaries left the Gold Coast during the First World War in 1917. The work of the Presbyterian church was continued by missionaries from the Church of Scotland. Which also had its identity shaped by the Scottish Reformation in 1560. Currently, since 2010, the moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana is the Rt. Rev. Professor Emmanuel Martey. The church expanded to the northern part of Ghana in the 1940s.

Church structure[edit]

The church is a founding member of the Christian Council of Ghana.[3] The association is an umbrella group that unites several churches in Ghana and monitors the activities of members to ensure that they are united in their Christian mission.[3][4] The Presbyterian Church of Ghana has seven church departments that have specific tasks of building up the church in their respective activities. These are:[2][5]

  1. Department of Administration & Human Resource
  2. Department of Church Life & Nurture
  3. Department of Mission & Evangelism
  4. Department of Ecumenical & Social Relations
  5. Department of Development & Social Services
  6. Department of Education
  7. Department of Finance

Membership[edit]

By the end of 2004 the church has about 527,000 members and runs 1,907 schools and a university.[5][6] In 2012 according to the WCC data it has more the 565,600 members and almost 2,200 congregations. PCG Statistics – 2001 to 2012

   Year          Total            Increase           % Increase
   2001          500,190  
   2002          535,130           34,940                7.0
   2003          565,637           30,507                5.7
   2004          578,727           13,090                2.3
   2005          612,337           33,610                5.8
   2006          615,391            3,054                0.5
   2007          622,609            7,218                1.2
   2008          624,890            2,281                0.4
   2009          652,083           27,193                4.4
   2010          691,949           39,866                6.1
   2011          721,599           29,650                4.3
   2012          739,548           17,949                2.5[2]

Church and education[edit]

Education is an integral part of the church's responsibility to the communities it operates in and Ghana. There are 487 kindergarten and nursery schools, 984 primary schools and 399 junior high schools. The church has 27 senior high schools, 40 private schools, 6 vocational institutions, 5 teacher training colleges, a research centre.[2] In 2003, the church started a university known as the Presbyterian University College. It is located at Abetifi-Kwahu in the Eastern region of Ghana.[7]

Church and health[edit]

The church is a member of the Christian Health Association of Ghana (CHAG).[8] CHAG is an umbrella group that unites all the health facilities in Ghana that are owned and run by Christian churches in Ghana. The church is the third largest in terms of number of health facilities. It operates four hospitals, 11 primary health care programmes, eight health centres, 13 clinics, two nurses' training colleges and a technical unit.[2]

The church and agriculture[edit]

The Presbyterian Church of Ghana has nine agricultural stations that grow and sell various food produce.[2]

Assets[edit]

The church owns two printing and publishing houses, three newspapers and eight bookshops. It has three retreat centres and operates four guest houses and three conference halls.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Presbyterian Church of Ghana". World Council of Churches website. Oikoumene.org. 1 January 2006. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Welcome to the Christian Council of Ghana .". Christiancouncilofghana.org/. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "Organization profile". Ecuspace.net. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "About Us". Pcgonline.org. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "History of The PCG". Pcgonline.org. Retrieved 2013-10-27. 
  7. ^ "PUC". Presbyuniversity.edu.gh. Retrieved 15 June 2011. . Number of Academic Institutions(2012): Nursery/Kindergarten 669 Primary 1057 Junior High School 514 Senior High School 29 Vocational School 4 Centre for Craft Instructors Development 1 College of Education 5 University 2 Trinity Theological Seminary - Presbyterian Church of Ghana, a co-founder. University of Education - Presbyterian Church of Ghana contributed St.Andrews Training College to the constitution of the varsity.
  8. ^ "Welcome to the CHAG website". Chagghana.org. Retrieved 15 June 2011.