Presbyterian Church of Korea

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Presbyterian Church of Korea
Hangul 대한예수교장로회
Hanja 大韓예수敎長老會
Revised Romanization Daehan Yesugyo Jangrohoe Chonghoe
McCune–Reischauer Taehan Yesugyo Changnohoe Ch'onghoe

Presbyterian Church of Korea (PCK) was a Protestant denomination based in South Korea; it currently separated to many branches.

The first Korean Presbyterian minister was Suh Sang-Ryun, who founded a church in Hwanghae province in 1884.[1] Shortly thereafter, several foreign Presbyterian missionaries arrived on the peninsula, including Horace Allen, Horace G. Underwood, and Henry Davies.

Like other Christian groups, the Korean Presbyterians were closely involved in the peaceful March first movement for Korean independence, in 1919.[citation needed]

By 1937, the Presbyterian churches were largely independent of financial from the United States.[2]

Presbyterianism in Korea was reconstructed after World War II in 1947. The church adopted the name the Reformed Church in Korea. In the 1950s the church suffered tensions because the issues of theology, ecumenism and worship. In 1959 Presbyterian Church of Korea broke into two equal sections. The Presbyterian Church of Korea (TongHap) and The Presbyterian Church in Korea (HapDong) church separated.

In the 1950s, the PCK was cut off from any remaining believers in North Korea, and three schisms occurred. In the first of these, in 1952, the Gosin group split off. In the second in 1953, the "Presbyterian Church of the Republic of Korea" separated from the PCK. In the third, and thus far final, schism, the Hapdong faction separated in 1959.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Presbyterian Church of Korea". Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  2. ^ Kenneth Scott Latourette, Christianity in a Revolutionary Age: Vol. 5: The Twentieth century outside Europe (1962) pp 414-5

Further reading[edit]

  • Clark, Donald N. Christianity in Modern Korea (University Press of America, 1986)
  • Grayson, James H. Korea—A Religious History (Routledge Curzon, 2002)
  • Kang, Wi Jo. Christ and Caesar in Modern Korea: A History of Christianity and Politics ( State University of New York Press, 1997)
  • Latourette, Kenneth Scott. Christianity in a Revolutionary Age: Vol. 5: The Twentieth century outside Europe (1962) pp 412–23
  • Lee, Timothy S. "A Political Factor in the Rise of Protestantism in Korea: Protestantism and the 1919 March First Movement," Church History 2000. 69#1 pp 116–42. in JSTOR
  • Mullins, Mark, and Richard Fox Young, eds. Perspectives on Christianity in Korea and Japan: The Gospel and Culture in East Asia (Edwin Mellen, 1995)
  • Park, Chung-shin. Protestantism and Politics in Korea (U. of Washington Press, 2003)
  • Harry Andrew Rhodes (1934). History of the Korea mission: Presbyterian church U. S. A., 1884-1934. Chosen mission Presbyterian church U. S. A. 
  • Koon Sik Shim (2008). Rev. Sang-Dong Han, The Founder of the Presbyterian Church in Korea (Koshin): A Biography. The Hermit Kingdom Press. ISBN 978-1-59689-073-2.