Presbyterian Church of Nigeria

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The Presbyterian Church of Nigeria is a Presbyterian church in the Federal Republic of Nigeria and subscibes the Westminster Confession of Faith.

The denomination has 9 Synods, more than 50 presbyteries and over 2,000 congregations, and almost 7,000 ministers and 3,806 690 members across the country.[1][2]

History[edit]

The Presbyterian Church of Nigeria was founded by United Presbyterian Church of Scotland missionaries led by the Rev. Hope Masterson Waddell. He arrived in Calabar and he founded the first Presbyterian church. From Calabar the church begun to grow. In 1858 the Presbytery of Biafa was formed. The Synod of Biafa formed in 1921. The church developed rapidly, when the Presbyterian Church of Biafa was established, with the Synod as the highest court. The church become independent. The Presbyterian Church of Biafa become the Presbyterian Church in East Nigeria in 1952. In 16 June 1960 the Presbyterian Church of Nigeria was born. In 1987 the General Assembly was constituted with two Synods.[3]

The Presbyterian Church in Nigeria began to establish a seminary in 1993, which became the Hope Waddell University. The University is located in Okagwe Ohafia in Abia State. Its motto is "Excellence, Integrity, and Service". The church runs two degree awarding theological institutions, the Hugh Goldie Lay Theological Training Institution(founded in 1918, and the Assien Ukpabio Presbyterian Theological Collage, founded in 1994.[4]

The headquarters of the church is in Ogpor Hill in Abia State in Southeast Nigeria.[5]

Structure and missions[edit]

The church has outreaches across the entire country. It has a Mission Presbytery in the Republic of Benine and Togo. The church structure are the session, presbytery, Synod, General Assembly. The parishes have one to nine congregations, depending on the size.[6] The congregations are ruled by elders an deacons. Several churches belong to a regional presbytery. Presbyteries belong to a biger body the Synod. The General Assembly is the Supreme Court of the Church. It is the result of a Scottish Mission.[7] It cooperates with the Church of Scotland.[8] Synods are:

  • Synod of Akwa
  • Synod of Calabar
  • Synod of the East
  • Synod of East Central
  • Synod of Mid East
  • Synod of North
  • Synod of South Central
  • Synod of Upper Cross River
  • Synod of West[9]

Theology[edit]

Interchurch organisations[edit]

It is a member of the World Council of Churches, the All Africa Conference of Churches, the Christian Council of Nigeria, the World Communion of Reformed Churches, the ARCA and the Reformed Ecumenical Council and the Reformed Ecumenial Council of Nigeria as of 2006.[11] It has been founded in the 19th century. It has female ministers for decades.[12] Its seat is in or near Aba, Nigeria.[13] The Moderator of the General Assembly of The Presbyterian Church of Nigeria is The Rt. Rev. Dr. U. B. Usung.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]