Prescot shown within Merseyside
|Population||11,184 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
|St Helens South and Whiston|
Prescot is a town and civil parish, within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England. Historically part of Lancashire, it lies approximately eight miles to the east of Liverpool city centre. At the 2001 Census, the population was 11,184 (5,265 males, 5,919 females). Prescot marks the beginning of the A58 road which runs through to Wetherby, West Yorkshire. The town is served by Prescot railway station and Eccleston Park railway station.
Prescot's name is believed to be derived from the Anglo-Saxon prēost "priest" + cot "cot", meaning a cottage or small house owned or inhabited by a priest, a "priest-cottage". (ME prest, preste, priest, OE prēost, LL presbyter, Gk πρεσβύτερος presbýteros "elder, priest").
During the 18th and 19th centuries it was at the centre of the watch and clock making industry. This ended with the failure of the Lancashire Watch Company in 1910. In later years the BICC company was the primary industrial employer in the town. BICC ceased operations in Prescot in the early 1990s before the site was demolished and later cleared. The land remained desolate until the year 2000 when it was then regenerated into what is now known as Cable's Retail Park, the name of which is a reference to the BICC and the history of the site on which it was built.
Prescot has historically lain within the historic county of Lancashire. The town was contained in the Prescot Urban District in the administrative county Lancashire from 1894. When the administrative counties were abolished in 1974 the district became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in the metropolitan county of Merseyside.
The centre of Prescot has seven churches. Dominating the skyline is the 17th century Prescot Parish Church of St Mary's. Tucked away behind St Mary's is the Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady and St Joseph. Prescot Methodist Church celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2009, but the building has since been shut down indefinitely. The congregation continues to exist, however, meeting in the adjacent church hall, known as Prescot Methodist Centre. Also in the town are a Salvation Army church, an Elim Pentecostal church (Prescot Community Church), a Plymouth Brethren Gospel Hall and the Zion Independent Methodist Church.
Places of worship shut down or moved over the past 20 years include the United Reformed church, the Kingdom Hall (Jehovah's Witnesses) and an independent charismatic church called simply Prescot Christian Fellowship.
Tourism, leisure and places of interest
Prescot Museum houses a permanent exhibition about the history of clock- and watch-making in the town, and several temporary exhibitions per year. The Georgian building is now also home to Knowsley Council's Arts and Events Service.
In recent years, a number of cultural and arts events have been established in the town, including the annual 10-day Prescot Festival of Music and the Arts and an annual Elizabethan Fayre.
The Shakespeare North Trust was founded in 2007 to promote William Shakespeare's historic connection with the town, a subject currently being researched at Liverpool's John Moores University. Attempts to raise funds to rebuild the town's Elizabethan theatre have so far been unsuccessful.
The town's local football team Prescot Cables currently play in the EvoStik League. Prescot & Odyssey Cricket Club (est. 1854; 2010 & 2012 Southport & District Premier League Champions) is located near Knowsley Safari Park.
- Screenwriter Peter Briggs who wrote the film Hellboy, was born in neighbouring Whiston and grew up in Prescot.
- Actor Daniel Craig (James Bond 007), spent at least part of his childhood growing up in Prescot.
- Actor Sue Johnston (Brookside, The Royle Family).
- Shakespearean actor John Philip Kemble was born in Prescot. His house has since been demolished, but the road has been renamed Kemble Street. The John Kemble pub stands on this street in his memory.
- Actor Sam Kelly (Porridge, The Two Ronnies, All or Nothing)
- Nonsense-poet and artist Edward Lear.
- Classical pianist Paul Lewis, who featured as a soloist at the 2005 Last Night of the Proms, was a student at Prescot Grammar School.
- Dave McCabe - Lead singer of the Merseyside band the Zutons.
- Danny McCall, former Brookside actor and star of West-End hit The Sound of Fury, based on the life of Billy Fury.
- Australian politician Jeanette Powell.
- Lord Stanley, one-time Governor General of Canada after whom the Stanley Cup and Stanley Park in Vancouver, British Columbia, was named.
- Singer/songwriter Lally Stott most famous for the hit single Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep.
- Stuart Sutcliffe, early member of the Beatles attended Prescot Grammar School.
- Organist Professor Ian Tracey of Liverpool Anglican Cathedral.
- Professor Sid Watkins, world-renowned neurosurgeon who served twenty-six years as the FIA Formula One Safety Delegate and Medical Delegate, head of the Formula One on-track medical team, and first responder in case of a crash.
- Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson was once a Member of Parliament for Huyton, incorporating Prescot.
- Former Everton F.C. player Mark Ward.
- Hollyoaks actor Stephanie Davis.
- 2001 Census: Prescot, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 26 May 2008
- Prescot Origins and History, Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, retrieved 29 December 2005
- Edward Baines, William Robert Whatton, Brooke Herford, James Croston, The history of the county palatine and duchy of Lancaster, vol. 5 (J. Heywood, 1893), p. 2
- BICC was Prescot, Prescot was BICC, retrieved 9 June 2006
- Paton, Maureen (26 March 2007), "Shakespeare's Globe goes North", The Daily Telegraph (London), retrieved 22 May 2010
- Liverpool Street Gallery - Liverpool 34
- Arts in Prescot News about arts and entertainment in the area, including the Annual Prescot Festival of Music and the Arts
- Historical Archives Local government collection of pictures, photos and information about the town
- The Prescotian Site for alumni of the historic Prescot Grammar School
- Prescot Parish Church
- Prescot Roll of Honour Web site dedicated to the commemoration of the men of Prescot who gave their lives in the Great War 1914-1919
- Prescot History in Films A collection of Films Old & New depicting Prescot through the ages.