Presidency of Benigno Aquino III

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Presidency of
Benigno S. Aquino III[1][2][3]
President Benigno S. Aquino III.jpg
15th President of the Philippines
Incumbent
Assumed office
June 30, 2010
Vice President Jejomar Binay
Preceded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Personal details
Born (1960-02-08) February 8, 1960 (age 54)
Manila, Philippines
Political party Liberal Party
Relations Benigno Aquino, Jr. (Father)
Corazon Aquino (Mother)
Kristina Aquino-Yap (Youngest Sister)
Alma mater Ateneo de Manila University
Profession Politician
Religion Roman Catholicism
Website Official website
Presidential styles of
Benigno S. Aquino III
Reference style His Excellency Benigno S. Aquino III[3]
Spoken style President Aquino
Alternative style Mr. President

The Presidency of Benigno S. Aquino III began at noon on June 30, 2010, when he became the fifteenth President of the Philippines, succeeding Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Aquino is the third-youngest person to be elected president, and the fourth-youngest president after Emilio Aguinaldo, Ramon Magsaysay and Ferdinand Marcos.[2] Aquino is the first president to be a bachelor, being unmarried and having no children.[2] Aquino is the second president not to drink alcoholic beverages; the first president not to drink alcohol was Emilio Aguinaldo.[2] Aquino is the eighth president to be a smoker.[2] Aquino is the first graduate of Ateneo de Manila University to become president.[2] Aquino is the third president who will only hold office in Malacañan Palace, but not be a resident, following Corazon Aquino and Fidel V. Ramos.[2] Aquino is the first president to make Bahay Pangarap his official residence.[4][5] Aquino is the third president to use his second given name, Simeon, as his middle initial, as Manuel L. Quezon and José P. Laurel did.[1][2][3] Aquino is the second president to be a child of a former president, his mother was former President Corazon Aquino; the first president to be a child of a former president was President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who is the daughter of former President Diosdado Macapagal.

Transition[edit]

The presidential transition began on June 9, 2010, when the Congress of the Philippines proclaimed Aquino the winner of the 2010 Philippine presidential elections held on May 10, 2010, proclaiming Aquino as the President-elect of the Philippines.[6][7] The transition was in charge of the new presidential residence, cabinet appointments and cordial meetings between them and the outgoing administration.

Official residence[edit]

The presidential residence of Aquino is Bahay Pangarap (English: House of Dreams),[8] located inside of Malacañang Park,[9] at the headquarters of the Presidential Security Group across the Pasig River from Malacañan Palace.[8][10] Aquino is the first president to make Bahay Pangarap his official residence.[4][5] Malacañang Park was intended as a recreational retreat by former President Manuel L. Quezon.[5] The house was built and designed by architect Juan M. Arellano in the 1930s,[5][8] and underwent a number of renovations.[8] In 2008, the house was demolished and rebuilt in contemporary style by architect Conrad Onglao,[5][8] a new swimming pool was built, replacing the Commonwealth-era swimming pool.[4][5] The house originally had one bedroom,[8] however, the house was renovated for Aquino to have four bedrooms,[4] a guest room, a room for Aquino's household staff, and a room for Aquino's close-in security.[9] The house was originally intended as a rest house, the venue for informal activities and social functions for the First Family by former President Manuel L. Quezon.[8] Malacañang Park was refurbished through the efforts of First Lady Eva Macapagal, wife of former President Diosdado Macapagal, in the early 1960s.[5] First Lady Macapagal renamed the rest house as Bahay Pangarap.[5] During the presidency of Fidel V. Ramos, the house was restored and became the club house of the Malacañang Golf Club.[8] The house was used by former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to welcome special guests.[8] Aquino refused to live in Malacañan Palace, the official residence of the President of the Philippines, or in Arlegui Mansion, the residence of former presidents Corazon Aquino and Fidel V. Ramos, stating that the two residences are too big,[8] and also stated that his small family residence at Times Street in Quezon City would be impractical, since it would be a security concern for his neighbors.[10]

Inauguration[edit]

Traditionally, it is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines who administers the oath of office to the incoming President and Vice President, however, Aquino refused to allow Chief Justice Renato Corona to swear him into office, due to Aquino's opposition to the midnight appointment of Corona by outgoing President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on May 12, 2010, two days after the 2010 elections and a month before Arroyo's term expires.[11] Instead, Aquino formally requested Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Conchita Carpio-Morales, who opposed the midnight appointment of Corona,[12] to swear him into office.[13]

Aquino took the oath of office on June 30, 2010, at the Quirino Grandstand in Rizal Park, Manila.[3][14] The oath of office was administered by Associate Justice Conchita Carpio-Morales, who officially accepted Aquino's request to swear him into office,[3][13] reminiscent of the decision of his mother, who in 1986, was sworn into the presidency by Associate Justice Claudio Teehankee.[2] After being sworn in as the fifteenth President of the Philippines, succeeding Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Aquino delivered his inaugural address.

Interim Interior Secretary[edit]

On June 29, 2010, Aquino officially named the members of his Cabinet, with Aquino himself as Secretary of the Interior and Local Government,[15] a position that Vice President-elect Jejomar Binay initially wanted, however, Aquino stated that the post is not being considered for him,[16] but has offered Binay various positions, such as, to head a commission that will investigate the outgoing Arroyo administration, the posts of Secretary of Agrarian Reform, chairman of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC), and the chairman of Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA), but Binay refused.[17] However, on July 15, 2010, Binay has accepted the offer of Aquino to take charge of the housing sector as chairman of HUDCC.[18]

From June 30–July 9, 2010, Aquino was Secretary of the Interior and Local Government,[15] until Aquino named Jesse Robredo, a former Naga mayor, as Interior Secretary.[19]

Major issues of presidency[edit]