President of Abkhazia
|President of the Republic of Abkhazia|
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Vladislav Ardzinba|
|Formation||26 November 1994|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The position of President of Abkhazia was created in 1994. Before the office of president was created the head of state position was known as the Chairman of Parliament between 1992 and the creation of the 1994 constitution. Before the position of Chairman of Parliament, the highest office in Abkhazia was the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet. The post would last from the declaration of sovereignty from the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic on 25 August 1990 until the outright declaration of independence on 23 July 1992.
Oath of office
During Alexander Ankvab's presidency, Parliament decided to scrap from the Presidential oath the phrase:
Жәлар рылахь соуааит иҧшьоу абри ахақәкы сацәхьаҵны саныҟала
— If I deviate from this path, then let me be punished by my people
During a meeting on 16 July 2014, following the Ankvab's May 2014 ouster, Parliament decided to restore this phrase. According to Vice Speaker Emma Gamisonia, the decision to remove the phrase had been taken because it was perceived as a curse, following the premature death of Abkhazia's first two Presidents, Vladislav Ardzinba and Sergei Bagapsh. MP Daur Arshba claimed that the decision had been taken illegally, without the necessary quorum.
Иа Анцәа Ду, суҳәоит Сыԥсадгьыли сыуаажәлари рымаҵ аураҿы амчи алшареи суҭарц!
— Almighty God, give me strength to serve country and people!
Non-Presidential Heads of State
|#||Head of State||Position||Took office||Left office||Party|
|1||Valerian Kobakhiya||Chairman of the Supreme Soviet||25 August 1990||24 December 1990||Communist Party of Abkhazia|
|2||Vladislav Ardzinba||Chairman of the Supreme Soviet||24 December 1990||23 July 1992||Communist Party of Abkhazia|
|3||Vladislav Ardzinba||Chairman of Parliament||23 July 1992||26 November 1994||(None)|
List of Presidents of Abkhazia
|#||President||Took office||Left office||Party||Vice President(s)|
|1||Vladislav Ardzinba||26 November 1994||12 February 2005||(None)||Valery Arshba|
|2||Sergei Bagapsh||12 February 2005||29 May 2011
(died in office)
|United Abkhazia||Raul Khadjimba (2005–2009)
Alexander Ankvab (2009–2011)
|3||Alexander Ankvab||29 May 2011
Acting: 29 May 2011 – 26 September 2011
|1 June 2014
|Aitaira||Mikhail Logua (2011–2013)|
|1 June 2014||25 September 2014||(None)||Vacant|
|4||Raul Khajimba||25 September 2014||Incumbent||Forum for the National Unity of Abkhazia||Vitali Gabnia|
- Government of the Republic of Abkhazia
- Prime Minister of Abkhazia
- Minister for Foreign Affairs of Abkhazia
|Presidential candidate||Vice Presidential candidate||votes||%|
|Raul Khajimba||Vitali Gabnia||50,586||50.60|
|Aslan Bzhania||Astan Agrba||35,869||35.88|
|Mirab Kishmaria||Said Lolua||6,390||6.39|
|Leonid Dzapshba||Boris Abitov||3,397||3.40|
|Total number of votes cast||99,966||100.00|
|Total number of registered voters||132,861||100.00|
- "Восстановлен текст присяги президента в первоначальной редакции". Apsnypress. 16 July 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Депутаты парламента большинством голосов внесли изменение в текст присяги президента РА.". Apsnypress. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
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