President of Afghanistan

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President of the
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Standard of the President of Afghanistan.svg
Hamid Karzai 2004-06-14.jpg
Hamid Karzai

since December 7, 2004
Style His Excellency, Afghanistan
Residence Presidential Palace, Kabul, Afghanistan
Appointer Direct popular vote
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mohammed Daoud Khan
Formation July 17, 1973 (first republic)
Website Office of the President
Emblem of Afghanistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Foreign relations

Afghanistan has only been a republic between 1973 and 1992 and from 2001 onwards. Before 1973, it was a monarchy that was governed by a variety of kings, emirs or shahs. From 1992 to 2001, during the civil war, the country was recognized as the Islamic State of Afghanistan and the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.


The constitution of Afghanistan grants the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively weak national bicameral national assembly, the Wolesi Jirga (House of the People) and Meshrano Jirga (House of Elders). The Presidents can serve five-year terms. Hamid Karzai started his first five-year term in 2004.[1] These were a subject of considerable controversy when debated by the country's Constitutional Loya Jirga in December 2003.[citation needed] However, they were seen by the interim administration and its Western backers as being essential to securing the stability of Afghanistan.[citation needed]

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 20 August 2009 Afghan presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Hamid Karzai Independent 2,283,907 49.67
Abdullah Abdullah National Coalition of Afghanistan 1,406,242 30.59
Ramazan Bashardost Independent 481,072 10.46
Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai Independent 135,106 2.94
Mirwais Yasini Independent 47,511 1.03
Shahnawaz Tanai Afghanistan Peace Movement 29,648 0.64
Frozan Fana Independent 21,512 0.47
Abdul Salam Rocketi Independent 19,997 0.43
Habib Mangal Independent 18,746 0.41
Motasim Billah Mazhabi Independent 18,248 0.40
Abdul Latif Pedram National Congress Party of Afghanistan 15,462 0.34
Mohammad Sarwar Ahmadzai Independent 14,273 0.31
Sayed Jalal Karim Independent 13,489 0.29
Shahla Atta Independent 10,687 0.23
Mahbob-U-lah Koshani Afghanistan Liberal Party 10,255 0.22
Alhaj Abdul Ghafor Zori Independent 9,286 0.20
Rahim Jan Shinzad Independent 7,197 0.16
Zabih-U-llah Ghazi Noristani Justice and Development Party of Afghanistan 6,284 0.14
Abdul Jabar Sabet Independent 6,190 0.13
Mohammad Hashem Taufiqui Independent 5,043 0.11
Bismillah Shir Independent 4,550 0.10
Ghulam Faroq Nijrabi Independent 4,528 0.10
Abdul Hasib Arian Independent 4,472 0.10
Moin-ul-din Ulfati Independent 3,518 0.08
Gul Ahmmad Yama Independent 3,221 0.07
Ghulam Mohammad Rigi Independent 3,180 0.07
Mohammad Akbar Oria Independent 2,991 0.07
Bashir Ahmad Bizhan Kangara Afghanistan National Party 2,457 0.05
Sangin Mohammad Rahmani Independent 2,434 0.05
Hedayat Amin Arsala National Islamic Front of Afghanistan 2,346 0.05
Abdul Majid Samim Independent 2,198 0.05
Zia-ul-haq Hafizi Independent 1,679 0.04
Valid votes (turnout % and %) 4,597,727 100.00
Invalid votes 225,363 4.67
Total votes 4,823,090 100.00
Source: IEC

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Meshrano Jirga". Government of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-07-15. "The Meshrano Jirga of the National Assembly of Afghanistan consists of 102 members. Two-thirds were elected indirectly through Provincial Councils (one-third representing the Provincial Councils and one-third representing the District Councils) and one-third were appointed by the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan." 

External links[edit]