President of Afghanistan
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2013)|
|President of the
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
|Style||His Excellency, Afghanistan|
|Residence||Presidential Palace, Kabul, Afghanistan|
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Mohammed Daoud Khan|
|Formation||July 17, 1973 (first republic)|
|Website||Office of the President|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Afghanistan has only been a republic between 1973 and 1992 and from 2001 onwards. Before 1973, it was a monarchy that was governed by a variety of kings, emirs or shahs. From 1992 to 2001, during the civil war, the country was recognized as the Islamic State of Afghanistan and the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
The constitution of Afghanistan grants the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively weak national bicameral national assembly, the Wolesi Jirga (House of the People) and Meshrano Jirga (House of Elders). The Presidents can serve five-year terms. Hamid Karzai started his first five-year term in 2004. These were a subject of considerable controversy when debated by the country's Constitutional Loya Jirga in December 2003. However, they were seen by the interim administration and its Western backers as being essential to securing the stability of Afghanistan.
- "Meshrano Jirga". Government of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-07-15. "The Meshrano Jirga of the National Assembly of Afghanistan consists of 102 members. Two-thirds were elected indirectly through Provincial Councils (one-third representing the Provincial Councils and one-third representing the District Councils) and one-third were appointed by the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan."
- Presidency of Afghanistan - The official website of the Office of the President of Afghanistan.