President of Azerbaijan

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President of
the Republic of Azerbaijan
Standard of the President of Azerbaijan.svg
Standard of the President
Munich Security Conference 2010 - dett aliyew 0014.jpg
Ilham Aliyev

since 31 October 2003
Residence Baku, Azerbaijan
Term length Five years, renewable optional
Inaugural holder Ayaz Mutalibov
Formation 30 August 1991
Website The President of Azerbaijan
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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The country of Azerbaijan is a presidential republic, with the President of Azerbaijan as the head of state, and the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan as head of government. The current President of Azerbaijan is Ilham Aliyev.

The Constitution states that the president will be the embodiment of executive power, commander-in-chief, "representative of Azerbaijan in home and foreign policies", and that he "shall have the right of immunity [from prosecution]." The president rules through his office at Presidential Apparatus, consisting of a group of secretaries and departmental ministers. Additionally, there is a Cabinet of Ministers (regarding economic and social policy) and a Security Council (regarding foreign, military, and judicial matters).

Chief military advisors to the President of Azerbaijan have included: Turkish Air Force Brig. Gen. Yasar Demirbulak (1992–1994), Maj. Gen. Nuraddin Sadykhov (1993–1999), Col. Gen. Tofig Aghahuseynov (1997–2002) and National Security Lt. Gen. Vahid Aliyev (since April 2002).

Among the agencies directly subordinate to the President is the Special State Protection Service.

Selection process[edit]


A candidate for office must be a citizen of the Azerbaijan of at least 35 years old, and 'permanently resided' in Azerbaijan for at least 5 years.[1]



After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his office and are used on special occasions.

Standard (flag)[edit]

The standard is a square version of the Azerbaijani flag, charged in the center with the Azerbaijani coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Azerbaijan. A 2:3 ratio version of the flag is used when the President is at sea. This is the most used symbol to denote the presence of the Azerbaijan President.

Powers and duties[edit]

Guarantor of the Constitution[edit]

As the guarantor of the Constitution and the entire system of constitutional law, the President ensures that the constitutions, laws and regulations of the constituent territories of the Azerbaijan be in full compliance with the country’s Constitution and federal laws.

Foreign policy[edit]

The President is invested with extensive rights to implement the state's foreign policy. The President determines Azerbaijan's position in international affairs and represents the state in international relations, conducts negotiations and signs ratification documents.


The primary working President's residence is the The Presidential building (also known as Presidential apparatus) on Istiglaliyyat Street in Baku.[2][3][4]

The current (since 2008) home President's residence is Zagulba (Azerbaijani: Zaqulba).[5]

Also, the President has several vacation residences outside of Baku.


Cars belonged to Heydar Aliyev in Heydar Aliyev Center

National transport services for the Azerbaijan President are provided by the Special Purpose Garage (SPG).[6] The SPG is a unit within the Special State Protection Service.[7]

The presidential aircraft uses the same colour scheme as standard AZAL aircraft, except for the use of the Azerbaijan coat of arms or the Presidential Standard on the empennage instead of the flag of Azerbaijan.

Presidents of the Republic of Azerbaijan (1991–present)[edit]

For leaders before independence, see List of leaders of Azerbaijan
President Term of office Political Party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Ayaz Mutalibov 1992.jpg Ayaz Mutallibov
Ayaz Mütallibov
30 August 1991 6 March 1992 189 None 1. Mütallibov II 1991
Nagorno-Karabakh War; Khojaly Massacre; Capture of Shusha. Forced to submit his resignation after pressure from Azerbaijan Popular Front.
Yagub Mammadov (Acting)
Yaqub Məmmədov
6 March 1992 14 May 1992 69 None Mütallibov II
Ousted by the armed revolt led by Azerbaijan Popular Front.
Ayaz Mutalibov 1992.jpg Ayaz Mutallibov
Ayaz Mütallibov
14 May 1992 18 May 1992 4 None 1. Mütallibov II
Deposed from his duty after takeover by Azerbaijan Popular Front.
Isa Gambar (1).jpg Isa Gambar (Acting)
İsa Qəmbər
19 May 1992 16 June 1992 28 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
Qəmbər I
Took temporary duties of president until the national elections in 1992.
2 Abulfaz Elchibey.jpg Abulfaz Elchibey
Əbülfəz Elçibəy
16 June 1992 1 September 1993 442 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
2. Elçibəy I 1992 [8]
Re-established Azerbaijani Armed Forces; Battle of Kalbajar; Operation Goranboy.
3 Heydar Aliyev 1997.jpg Heydar Aliyev
Heydər Əliyev
3 October 1993 31 October 2003 3680 New Azerbaijan Party
3. Əliyev II 1993 [9]
Founded the YAP; Heydar Aliyev's cult of personality; Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline; South Caucasus Pipeline; 1994 Baku Metro bombings. Survived coup attempt in 1995.
4 Munich Security Conference 2010 - dett aliyew 0014.jpg Ilham Aliyev
İlham Aliyev
31 October 2003 Present New Azerbaijan Party
6. Əliyev I 2003
Azerbaijan was elected as a non-permanent member to United Nations Security Council; 2010 Mardakert skirmishes; Gulargate; Forced evictions in Baku; 2011 Azerbaijani protests; Eurovision Song Contest 2012; 2013 Baku protests; 2015 European Games. He was criticised for restricting the freedom of media and accused of violating human rights.

Last election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Ilham Aliyev New Azerbaijan Party 3,126,113 84.54
Jamil Hasanli National Council of Democratic Forces 204,642 5.53
Igbal Aghazade Party of Hope 88,723 2.40
Gudrat Hasanguliyev Whole Azerbaijan Popular Front Party 73,702 1.99
Zahid Oruj Independent 53,839 1.45
Ilyas Ismayılov Justice Party 39,722 1.07
Araz Alizade Social Democratic Party 32,069 0.87
Faraj Guliyev National Revival Movement Party 31,926 0.86
Hafiz Hajiyev Modern Equality Party 24,461 0.66
Sardar Mammadov Azerbaijan Democratic Party 22,773 0.62
Invalid/blank votes 36,622
Total 3,734,592 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,214,787 71.62
Source: CEC


External links[edit]