President of Bolivia

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President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia
Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg
Coat of arms of Bolivia
Morales 20060113 02.jpg
Incumbent
Evo Morales

since 22 January 2006
Residence Palacio Quemado
Appointer Direct Popular Election
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Simón Bolívar
Formation 11 August 1825
Website www.presidencia.gob.bo
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bolivia

The President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia) or President of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente de Bolivia), is head of state and head of government of Bolivia. According to the current Constitution, the president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term, renewable once.[1] Prior to the 2009 constitutional reforms, if no candidate received half the popular vote, the president was chosen by a vote in a joint legislative session from among the top two candidates (prior to 1995, the top three candidates were eligible). The 2009 constitution introduced a second-round runoff election.

The current President of Bolivia is Evo Morales, since 22 January 2006. He was elected in 2005, and reelected in 2009 under a new Constitution.

History[edit]

During its more than 180 years of independence, Bolivia has been ruled by the military leaders who fought for independence, the leaders of the War of the Pacific, representatives of the aristocracy, and democratically-elected leaders. Also, the history of the presidency has involved civil wars, coups and violence.

Different titles have been used, such as "Liberator of Bolivia" (used by Simón Bolívar and Antonio José de Sucre), and "Supreme Protector" (by Andrés de Santa Cruz).

The following table contains a list of the individuals who have served as President of Bolivia.

List of Presidents of Bolivia[edit]

# Picture Name Began office Left office Title(s)
1 Simón Bolívar 2.jpg Simón Bolívar 11 August 1825 29 December 1825 Liberator of Bolivia
2 Gran marical de ayacucho.jpg Antonio José de Sucre 29 December 1825 18 April 1828 Liberator of Bolivia (29 December 1825 – 19 June 1826)
President (19 June 1826 – 18 April 1828)
3 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg José María Pérez de Urdininea 18 April 1828 2 August 1828 President
4 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco 2 August 1828 18 December 1828 Acting President
5 Pedro Blanco Soto.jpg Pedro Blanco Soto 18 December 1828 1 January 1829 Provisional President
6 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco 1 January 1829 24 May 1829 Acting President
7 Andréssantacruz2.jpg Andrés de Santa Cruz 24 May 1829 20 February 1839 Provisional President (29 May 1829 – 15 August 1831)
President (15 August 1831 – 20 February 1839)
Supreme Protector of the Peru–Bolivian Confederation (28 October 1836 – 20 February 1839)
8 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco 20 February 1839 10 June 1841 Provisional Supreme Chief (20 February 1839 – 16 June 1839)
Provisional President (16 June 1839 – 15 August 1840)
President (15 August 1840 – 10 June 1841)
9 Sebastián Ágreda - bolivianischer Präsident.jpg Sebastián Ágreda 10 June 1841 9 July 1841 Provisional Chief
10 Mariano Calvo.jpg Mariano Calvo 9 July 1841 22 September 1841 Acting President
11 José Ballivián.jpg José Ballivián 22 September 1841 23 December 1847 Provisional President (22 September 1841 – 15 August 1844)
President (15 August 1844 – 23 December 1847)
12 Eusebio Guilarte Vera - bolivianischer Präsident.jpg Eusebio Guilarte Vera 23 December 1847 2 January 1848 Interim President
13 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco 18 January 1848 6 December 1848 Provisional President
14 ManuelIsidoroBelzu.jpg Manuel Isidoro Belzu 6 December 1848 15 August 1855 Provisional President (6 December 1848 – 15 August 1850)
President (15 August 1850 – 15 August 1855)
15 Jorge-cordova.jpg Jorge Córdova 15 August 1855 21 October 1857 President
16 José María Linares.jpg José María Linares 21 October 1857 14 January 1861 Provisional President (21 October 1857 – 1858)
Dictator for Life (1858 – 14 January 1861)
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Government Junta 14 January 1861 4 May 1861 Members:
Ruperto Fernández
José María Achá
Manuel Antonio Sánchez (to 9 April 1861)
17 JoseMariaAcha.jpg José María Achá 4 May 1861 28 December 1864 Provisional President (4 May 1861 – 15 August 1862)
President (15 August 1862 – 28 December 1864)
18 MarianoMelgarejo.jpg Mariano Melgarejo 28 December 1864 15 January 1871 Provisional President (28 December 1864 – 15 August 1870)
President (15 August 1870 – 15 January 1871)
19 AGUST N MORALES HERN NDEZ.jpg Agustín Morales 15 January 1871 27 November 1872 Supreme Chief of the Revolution (15 January 1871 – 21 January 1871)
Provisional President (21 January 1871 – 25 August 1872)
President (25 August 1872 – 27 November 1872)
20 TOMÁS FRÍAS AMETLLER.jpg Tomás Frías Ametller 28 November 1872 9 May 1873 President
21 ADOLFO BALLIVI N COLL.jpg Adolfo Ballivián 9 May 1873 14 February 1874 President
22 TOMÁS FRÍAS AMETLLER.jpg Tomás Frías Ametller 14 February 1874 4 May 1876 President
23 HILARIÓN DAZA GROSELLE.jpg Hilarión Daza 4 May 1876 28 December 1879 President
24 NARCISO CAMPERO LEYES.jpg Narciso Campero 19 January 1880 3 September 1884 President
25 GREGORIO PACHECO LEYES.jpg Gregorio Pacheco 3 September 1884 15 August 1888 President
26 Aniceto Arce.jpg Aniceto Arce 15 August 1888 11 August 1892 President
27 Mariano Baptista Caserta.jpg Mariano Baptista 11 August 1892 19 August 1896 President
28 SEVERO FERNÁNDEZ ALONSO CABALLERO.jpg Severo Fernández 19 August 1896 12 April 1899 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Government Junta 12 April 1899 25 October 1899 Members:
José Manuel Pando
Serapio Reyes Ortiz
Macario Pinilla Vargas
29 J M PANDO.jpg José Manuel Pando 25 October 1899 14 August 1904 President
30 Ismael Montes 1914.jpg Ismael Montes 14 August 1904 12 October 1909 President
31 Eliodoro Villazón.jpg Eliodoro Villazón 12 October 1909 14 October 1913 President
32 Ismael Montes 1914.jpg Ismael Montes 14 October 1913 15 October 1917 President
33 Jose Gutierrez Guerra.jpg José Gutiérrez 15 October 1917 12 July 1920 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Government Junta 13 July 1920 28 January 1921 Members:
Bautista Saavedra
José María Escalier
José Manuel Ramírez
34 SAAVEDRA B.jpg Bautista Saavedra 28 January 1921 3 September 1925 President
35 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Felipe S. Guzmán 3 September 1925 10 January 1926 Provisional President
36 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Hernando Siles Reyes 10 January 1926 28 May 1930 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Council of Ministers 28 May 1930 25 June 1930 Members:
Alberto Díez de Medina
Germán Antelo Arauz (to 17 June 1930)
Franklin Mercado
David Toro
José Aguirre Achá
Fidel Vega
Carlos Banzer
Ezequiel Romecín Calderón (from 17 June 1930)
37 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Carlos Blanco Galindo 28 June 1930 5 March 1931 Chairman of the Military Government Junta

Members:
José L. Lanza
Filiberto Osorio
Bernardino Bilbao Rioja
Emilio González Quint
José Ayoroa

38 Daniel Salamanca Urey.jpg Daniel Salamanca Urey 5 March 1931 27 November 1934 President
39 Tejada s-6d1d4-ea69a-33ed0.jpg José Luis Tejada Sorzano 28 November 1934 17 May 1936 President
40 Busch german.jpg Germán Busch 17 May 1936 20 May 1936 Chairman of the Government Junta
41 DAVID TORO RUILOVA.jpg David Toro 20 May 1936 13 July 1937 Chairman of the Government Junta
42 Busch german.jpg Germán Busch 13 July 1937 23 August 1939 Chairman of the Government Junta (13 July 1937 – 28 May 1938)
President (28 May 1938 – 23 August 1939)
43 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Carlos Quintanilla 23 August 1939 15 April 1940 Provisional President
44 Penaranda.jpg Enrique Peñaranda 15 April 1940 20 December 1943 President
45 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Gualberto Villarroel 20 December 1943 21 July 1946 Chairman of the Government Junta (20 December 1943 – 5 April 1944)
Provisional President (5 April 1944 – 6 August 1944)
President (6 August 1944 – 21 July 1946)
46 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Néstor Guillén 21 July 1946 15 August 1946 Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta
47 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Tomás Monje 15 August 1946 10 March 1947 Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta
48 Enr herz.jpg Enrique Hertzog 10 March 1947 22 October 1949 President
49 Mamer-urriol.jpg Mamerto Urriolagoitía 22 October 1949 16 May 1951 Acting President (22 October 1949 – 24 October 1949)
President (24 October 1949 – 16 May 1951)
50 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Hugo Ballivián 16 May 1951 11 April 1952 Chairman of the Military Junta
Members:
Antonió Seleme Vargas
Humberto Torres Ortiz
51 Hernán Siles Zuazo.jpg Hernán Siles Zuazo 11 April 1952 16 April 1952 Provisional President
52 Victor Paz Estenssoro (1955).jpg Víctor Paz Estenssoro 16 April 1952 6 August 1956 President
53 Hernán Siles Zuazo.jpg Hernán Siles Zuazo 6 August 1956 6 August 1960 President
54 Victor Paz Estenssoro (1955).jpg Víctor Paz Estenssoro 6 August 1960 4 November 1964 President
55 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg René Barrientos 5 November 1964 26 May 1965 Chairman of the Military Junta
56 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg René Barrientos + Alfredo Ovando Candía 26 May 1965 2 January 1966 Co-Chairmen of the Military Junta
57 Alfredo Ovando.jpg Alfredo Ovando Candía 2 January 1966 6 August 1966 Chairman of the Military Junta
58 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg René Barrientos 6 August 1966 27 April 1969 President
59 Siles Salinas.jpg Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas 27 April 1969 26 September 1969 President
60 Alfredo Ovando.jpg Alfredo Ovando Candía 26 September 1969 6 October 1970 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1970 6 October 1970 7 October 1970 Members:
Efraín Guachalla Ibáñez
Fernando Sattori Ribera
Alberto Albarracín Crespo
61 Juan José Torres.JPG Juan José Torres 7 October 1970 21 August 1971 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1971 21 August 1971 22 August 1971 Members:
Andrés Selich Chop (Chairmen)
Hugo Banzer
Jaime Florentino Mendieta
62 Hugo Banzer.jpg Hugo Banzer 22 August 1971 21 July 1978 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Víctor González Fuentes 21 July 1978 21 July 1978 Chairman of the Military Junta
63 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Juan Pereda 21 July 1978 24 November 1978 President
64 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg David Padilla 24 November 1978 8 August 1979 Chairman of the Military Junta
65 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Wálter Guevara 8 August 1979 1 November 1979 Acting President
66 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Alberto Natusch 1 November 1979 16 November 1979 President
67 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Lidia Gueiler Tejada 17 November 1979 18 July 1980 Acting President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1980 18 July 1980 18 July 1980 Members:
Luis García Meza Tejada
Waldo Bernal Pereira
Ramiro Terrazas Rodríguez
68 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Luis García Meza Tejada 18 July 1980 4 August 1981 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1981 4 August 1981 4 September 1981 Members:
Waldo Bernal Pereira
Celso Torrelio
Óscar Jaime Pammo
69 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Celso Torrelio 4 September 1981 19 July 1982 President
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1982 19 July 1982 21 July 1982 Members:
Natalio Morales Mosquera
Óscar Jaime Pammo
Ángel Mariscal Gómez
70 Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg Guido Vildoso 21 July 1982 10 October 1982 President
71 Hernán Siles Zuazo.jpg Hernán Siles Zuazo 10 October 1982 6 August 1985 President
72 Victor Paz Estenssoro (1955).jpg Víctor Paz Estenssoro 6 August 1985 6 August 1989 President
73 Jaime Paz Zamora.jpg Jaime Paz Zamora 6 August 1989 6 August 1993 President
74 Gonzálo Sánchez de Lozada-Agencia BrasilAntonio Cruz.jpg Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada 6 August 1993 6 August 1997 President
75 Hugo Banzer.jpg Hugo Banzer 6 August 1997 7 August 2001 President
76 Jorge Quiroga-1.jpg Jorge Quiroga 7 August 2001 6 August 2002 President
77 Gonzálo Sánchez de Lozada-Agencia BrasilAntonio Cruz.jpg Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada 6 August 2002 17 October 2003 President
78 Carlos Mesa.jpg Carlos Mesa 17 October 2003 9 June 2005 President
79 Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé en la XV Cumbre Iberoamericana.jpg Eduardo Rodríguez 9 June 2005 22 January 2006 President
80 Morales 20060113 02.jpg Evo Morales 22 January 2006 Incumbent President

Historical reputation[edit]

In 1983, a poll was taken by the newspaper Última Hora to determine which seven historical presidents were regarded as most significant. The "winners" were Antonio José de Sucre, Andrés de Santa Cruz, Manuel Isidoro Belzu, Mariano Melgarejo, Aniceto Arce, Ismael Montes, and Víctor Paz Estenssoro.

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage Deputies Senators
  Evo Morales Ayma Movement for Socialism 2.943.209 64,22 88 26
  Manfred Reyes Villa Plan Progress for Bolivia – National Convergence 1.212.795 26,46 37 10
  Samuel Doria Medina National Unity Front 258.971 5,65 3
  René Joaquino Carlos Social Alliance 106.027 2,31 2
  Ana María Flores Social Patriotic Unity Movement 23.257 0,51
  Román Loayza People 15.627 0,34
  Alejo Véliz Peoples for Liberty and Sovereignty 12.995 0,28
  Rime Choquehuanca Social Democratic Bolivia 9.905 0,22
  Valid votes 4.582.786 94,31
  Blank votes 156.290 3,22
  Null votes 120,364 2,48
  Total votes 4.859.440 100 130 36
Source: Comisión Nacional Electoral

Presidential succession[edit]

In the event of the death or permanent incapacity of the President, the Vice President of Bolivia would assume the office. The President of the Senate and the President of the Chamber of Deputies are third and fourth in the line of succession. In the 2005 political crisis, with all of these positions exhausted, Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé, the Chief Justice of the Bolivian Supreme Court, assumed the presidency. Under the 2009 Constitution, however, the assumption of power by the President of the Chamber of Deputies automatically precipitates an election within 90 days.[2]

Acting President[edit]

In the case of temporary incapacity or absence from the country, the title of Acting President (Spanish: Presidente en ejercicio) is transferred to lower officials according to the order of presidential succession. In September 2012, Senate President Gabriela Montaño became the first woman to assume this office since the presidency of Lidia Gueiler Tejada.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bl.html
  2. ^ "Artículo 169: En caso de impedimento o ausencia definitiva de la Presidenta o del Presidente del Estado, será reemplazada o reemplazado en el cargo por la Vicepresidenta o el Vicepresidente y, a falta de ésta o éste, por la Presidenta o el Presidente del Senado, y a falta de ésta o éste por la Presidente o el Presidente de la Cámara de Diputados. En este último caso, se convocarán nuevas elecciones en el plazo máximo de noventa días." "Segunda Parte, Título II, Capítulo Primero" (PDF). Nueva Constitución Política del Estado. pp. 36–37. Retrieved 12 February 2009. 
  3. ^ Corz, Carlos (23 September 2012). "Montaño asume la Presidencia interina de Bolivia, Evo va a la ONU y hablará del mar". La Razón. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 

External links[edit]