President of Ghana

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President of the
Republic of Ghana
Seal Of The President Of The Republic Of Ghana.jpg
Presidential Seal of Ghana
Flag of the President of Ghana.jpg
John Dramani Mahama at Chatham House.jpg
Incumbent
John Dramani Mahama

since 24 July 2012
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Flagstaff House
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Kwame Nkrumah
Republic established
Jerry John Rawlings
Current Constitution
Formation Republic Day
1 July 1960
1992 Constitution
15 May 1992
Salary 144,000 Cedi annually
Website (English) Presidency.gov.gh
(English) Ghana.gov.gh
Coat of arms of Ghana.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ghana
Constitution

The President of Ghana is the elected head of state and head of government of Ghana. Officially styled President of the Republic of Ghana and Supreme Commander-in-Chief. The current President of Ghana is John Dramani Mahama, who leads the executive branch of the Government of Ghana since succeeding to the presidency of the Republic of Ghana on 24 July 2012 and inaugurated on 7 January 2013.[1]

Eligibility[edit]

According to Chapter 8. Article 62 of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana, a person shall not be qualified for election as the President of Ghana unless -

  • (a) he/she is a citizen of Ghana by birth
  • (b) he/she has attained the age of thirty-five years; and
  • (c) he/she is a person who is otherwise qualified to be elected a Member of Parliament, except that the disqualifications set out in paragraphs (c), (d), and (e) of clause (2) of article 94 of this Constitution shall not be removed, in respect of any such person, by a presidential pardon or by the lapse of time as provided for in clause (5) of that article.[2]

Oath of office[edit]

The president of Ghana must be sworn in by the Chief Justice before the citizens of Ghana at the Independence square in Accra. The president-elect must repeat the following:

"I, _______________ having been elected to the high office of President of the Republic of Ghana do (in the name of the Almighty God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will be faithful and true to the Republic of Ghana; that I will at all times preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana; and that I dedicate myself to the service and well-being of the people of the Republic of Ghana and to do right to all manner of persons.

I further (solemnly swear) (solemnly affirm) that should I at any time break this oath of office; I shall submit myself to the laws of the Republic of Ghana and suffer the penalty for it. (So help me God)".[3]

Insignia[edit]

After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his/her office and are used on special occasions.

Powers and duties of the president[edit]

Presidential styles of
John Dramani Mahama
Seal Of The President Of The Republic Of Ghana.jpg
Reference style 'His Excellency the President of the 4th Republic" or "The Most Excellent Sir President of the 4th Republic"
Spoken style Your Excellency" or "Most Excellent Sir President of the 4th Republic"
Alternative style Sir President

Chapter 8 of the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana states the duties and the powers of the President. The president is required to:

  • uphold the Constitution
  • exercise executive authority of the Republic of Ghana
  • preserve the safety and homeland of the Republic of Ghana.[2]

Also, the president is given the powers:

The President may execute or cause to be executed treaties, agreements or conventions in the name of the Republic of Ghana.[2] The President shall take precedence over the populace of the Republic of Ghana and may refer important policy matters to a national referendum, declare war, conclude peace and other treaties, appoint senior public officials, and grant amnesty (with the concurrence of the Parliament of Ghana).[2] In times of serious internal or external turmoil or threat, or economic or financial crises, the president may assume emergency powers "for the maintenance of national security or public peace and order".[2]

The President shall be removed from office if he/she is found, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana Chapter 8 section 69 (ii) - prejudicial or inimical to the economy or the security of the Republic of Ghana.[2] The President shall cease to hold office as the President of the Republic of Ghana on the date the Parliament of Ghana decides that he/she be removed from office.[2]

List of Presidents of Ghana (1960–present)[edit]

      Convention People's Party       National Democratic Congress       New Patriotic Party       Progress Party       People's National Party       Military

# Name
(Born–Died)
Picture Took office Left office Elected
(Parliament)
Political Party
Presidents of the Republic of Ghana (First Republic: 1960–1966)
1 Dr.h.c. Kwame Nkrumah
(1909–1972)
Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah..jpg 1 July 1960 24 February 1966
(Deposed in a coup d'état)
1960 (1st) Convention People's Party
State Presidents as Head of State (Second Republic: 1966–1972)
1 Major-General Joseph Arthur Ankrah
(1915–1992)
(Chairman of the National Liberation Council)
24 February 1966 2 April 1969 National Liberation Council
2 Brigadier Akwasi Amankwa Afrifa
(1936–1979)
(Chairman of the National Liberation Council until 3 September 1969, thereafter Chairman of the Presidential Commission)
2 April 1969 7 August 1970 National Liberation Council
3 Nii Amaa Ollennu
(1906–1986)
(Acting President)
Coat of arms of Ghana.svg 7 August 1970 31 August 1970
4 Edward Akufo-Addo
(1906–1979)
31 August 1970 13 January 1972
(Deposed in a coup d'état)
Independent
5 Colonel Ignatius Kutu Acheampong
(1931–1979)
(Chairman of the National Redemption Council utnil 9 October 1975, thereafter Chairman of the Supreme Military Council)
Coat of arms of Ghana.svg 13 January 1972 5 July 1978
(Deposed in a palace coup d'état)
Supreme Military Council
6 Lieutenant-General Frederick Fred William Kwasi Akuffo
(1937–1979)
(Chairman of the Supreme Military Council)
5 July 1978 4 June 1979
(Deposed in a coup d'état)
Supreme Military Council
State Presidents as Head of State (Third Republic: 1979–1981)
1 Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings
(1947–)
(Chairman of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council)
Jerry Rawlings 2.jpg 4 June 1979 24 September 1979
(1st Term)
Armed Forces Revolutionary Council
2 Dr. Hilla Limann
(1934 – 1998)
Hilla Limann.jpg 24 September 1979 31 December 1981
(Deposed in a coup d'état)
1979 (1st) People's National Party
3 Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings
(1947–)
(Chairman of the Provisional National Defence Council)
Jerry Rawlings 2.jpg 31 December 1981 7 January 1993
(2nd Term)
Provisional National Defence Council
Presidents of the Republic of Ghana (Fourth Republic: since 1993)
1 Jerry John Rawlings
(1947–)
Jerry Rawlings 2.jpg 7 January 1993 7 January 2001
(2nd Term)
1992 (1st)
1996 (2nd)
National Democratic Congress
2 John Agyekum Kufuor
(1938–)
John Kufuor.jpg 7 January 2001 7 January 2009[4] 2000 (3rd)
2004 (4th)
New Patriotic Party
3 John Evans Atta Mills
(1944–2012)
John Atta-Mills election poster.jpg 7 January 2009[4] 24 July 2012[5]
(Died in office)
2008 (5th) National Democratic Congress
4 John Dramani Mahama
(1958–)
John Dramani Mahama 24 July 2012[6] Incumbent[1] 2012 (6th) National Democratic Congress

Residence[edit]

Flagstaff House
Golden Jubilee House.jpg
General information
Location Accra, Ghana
Current tenants John Dramani Mahama

The President of Ghana's official residence was Osu Castle (also known as Fort Christiansborg or Christiansborg Castle) in Accra. In 2007, The opposition MPs in Ghana stormed out of a parliamentary debate on whether to take out a $50m loan to build a new presidential palace. MPs from President John Kufuor's New Patriotic Party voted unanimously in favour of taking the loan from India.[7]

They argued that the President should not be based in Osu Castle, where slaves used to be kept. The opposition National Democratic Congress said the money would be better spent elsewhere.[7] The old flagstaff house used by Ghana's first president as a residence is being renovated into a museum, while the grounds on which it stands is being built up as an ultra modern office complex and residence for the president and vice-president of Ghana as well as their staff.[7] The new presidential palace was expected to be completed by August 2008 but was finally completed in November 2008. At the inauguration of the new presidential palace, President John Kufuor revealed to the press that the new name of the palace would be Golden Jubilee House. The name was chosen in reference to the 50th anniversary of Ghana's Independence.[7]

Part of the office space has been given to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs when it had to be relocated because of a fire that guttered its offices. The NDC government refused to move to the venue after it assumed office in 2009 noting that some of the work in the residency is not completed. The government of President Atta Mills also noted that the National Security establishment Bureau of National Investigations (BNI) wanted to ensure that security at the venue was improved before the government moved in. The name has been changed to Flagstaff House. On 7 February 2013, the office of the Presidency was finally moved to the flagstaff house.[8]

Transport[edit]

National transport services for the Ghanaian President are:[9]

Air transport services for the Ghanaian President are:[10]

The presidential aircraft uses the colour scheme as the flag of Ghana in stripes, except for the use of the Ghanaian coat of arms on the empennage instead of the flag of Ghana.

Dassault Falcon 900 EX of the Republic of Ghana (President of Ghana).jpg
Dassault Falcon 900 EX of the President of Ghana


In the autumn of 2012 a jet aircraft was acquired in the Golden Jubilee House. According to the Chief of the Golden Jubilee House Property Agency acquisition of a Embraer 190 jet aircraft for the President costed 105 million cedis (about $55 mln). The jet aircraft planned location is in the Ghanaian Presidential Retreat's Peduase Lodge.[11]

Timeline since 1960[edit]

John Dramani Mahama John Atta Mills John Kufuor Jerry Rawlings Hilla Limann Jerry Rawlings Fred Akuffo Ignatius Acheampong Edward Akufo-Addo Nii Amaa Ollennu Akwasi Afrifa Joseph Arthur Ankrah Kwame Nkrumah

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
John Dramani Mahama National Democratic Congress 5,574,761 50.70
 
Nana Akufo-Addo New Patriotic Party 5,248,898 47.74
 
Paa Kwesi Nduom Progressive People's Party 64,362 0.59
 
Henry Herbert Lartey Great Consolidated Popular Party 38,223 0.35
 
Ayariga Hassan People's National Convention 24,617 0.22
 
Michael Abu Sakara Foster Convention People's Party 20,323 0.18
 
Jacob Osei Yeboah Independent 15,201 0.14
 
Akwasi Addai Odike United Front Party 8,877 0.08
 
Invalid/blank votes 251,720
Total 11,246,982 100
Registered voters/turnout 14,158,890 79.43
Source: Electoral Commission of Ghana

See also[edit]

References[edit]