President of Guatemala

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President of Guatemala
Flag of the President of Guatemala.svg
Presidential Flag of Guatemala
Otto Perez Molina at World Economic Forum 2013-cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Otto Pérez Molina

since 14 January 2012
Style His Exellency
Residence Guatemalan National Palace
Inaugural holder Mariano Rivera Paz
Formation 3 December 1839

The President of Guatemala (Spanish: Presidente de Guatemala), is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala. The title of "President of Guatemala" has been the usual title of the leader of Guatemala since 1839, when that title was assumed by Mariano Rivera Paz. Earlier, Guatemala had been a state within the United Provinces of Central America since 1823, before that part of the First Mexican Empire under Agustín de Iturbide, and before 1821 ruled by the Captain General of Guatemala, a Spanish colonial official owing allegiance to the Viceroy of New Spain and the King of Spain, back to the Spanish conquest of the region in the early 16th century.

The title of "President" has been used by democratically elected leaders and appointed heads of state, as well as by dictators who took power by military coup.

Chiefs of State of Guatemala within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1839)[edit]

Presidents of the independent Republic of Guatemala (1839 – present)[edit]

President Took office Left office Party
Mariano Rivera Paz Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg 3 December 1839 25 February 1842 Liberal
José Venancio López Requena (acting) Jlrequenaguatemalapresd.jpg 25 February 1842 14 May 1842 Liberal
Mariano Rivera Paz Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg 14 May 1842 14 December 1844 Liberal
Rafael Carrera Carrerap02.jpg 14 December 1844 16 August 1848 Conservative
Juan Antonio Martínez (interim) Juan Antonio Martinez presidente interino Guatemala.jpg 16 August 1848 28 November 1848 Conservative
José Bernardo Escobar (interim) Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 28 November 1848 1 January 1849 Conservative
Mariano Peredes (interim) ParedesGuatemala.jpg 1 January 1849 6 November 1851 Liberal
Rafael Carrera Carrerap02.jpg 6 November 1851 14 April 1865 Conservative
Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol (acting) PedroAycinena.jpg 14 April 1865 24 May 1865 Conservative
Vicente Cerna Sandoval VicenteCerna.jpg 24 May 1865 29 June 1871 Conservative
Miguel García Granados MiguelGarcia.jpg 29 June 1871 4 June 1873 Liberal
Justo Rufino Barrios Justo Rufino Barrios.jpg 4 June 1873 2 April 1885 Liberal
Alejandro M. Sinibaldi (acting) Alejandrosinibaldi.jpg 2 April 1885 5 April 1885 Liberal
Manuel Barillas Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 6 April 1885 15 March 1892 Liberal
José María Reina Barrios José María Reyna Barrios.JPG 15 March 1892 8 February 1898 Liberal
Manuel Estrada Cabrera Manuel Estrada Cabrera 01.jpg 8 February 1898 15 April 1920 Liberal
Carlos Herrera Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 15 April 1920 10 December 1921 Unionist Party
José María Orellana Jose maria orellana.jpg 10 December 1921 26 September 1926 Liberal
Lázaro Chacón González Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 26 September 1926 2 January 1931 Unionist Party
José María Reina Andrade (acting) Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 2 January 1931 14 February 1931 Liberal
Jorge Ubico Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 14 February 1931 4 July 1944 Liberal
Juan Federico Ponce Vaides (acting) Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 4 July 1944 20 October 1944 Liberal
Revolutionary Government Junta Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 20 October 1944 15 March 1945 Military
Juan José Arévalo Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 15 March 1945 15 March 1951 Revolutionary Action Party
Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 15 March 1951 27 June 1954 Revolutionary Action Party/Party of the Guatemalan Revolution
Carlos Enrique Díaz de León (provisional) Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 27 June 1954 28 June 1954 Military
Elfego Hernán Monzón Aguirre (Chairman of Military Junta) Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 29 June 1954 8 July 1954 Military
Carlos Castillo Armas Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 8 July 1954 26 July 1957 Military
Luis Arturo González López (acting) Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 27 July 1957 24 October 1957 National Progress Party
Óscar Mendoza Azurdia (Chairman of Military Junta) Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 24 October 1957 26 October 1957 Military
Guillermo Flores Avendaño (acting) Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 26 October 1957 2 March 1958 Military
Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 2 March 1958 31 March 1963 Military/National Democratic Reconciliation Party
Enrique Peralta Azurdia Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 31 March 1963 1 July 1966 Military/Institutional Democratic Party
Julio César Méndez Montenegro Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1966 1 July 1970 Revolutionary Party
Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1970 1 July 1974 Military/National Liberation Movement
Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1974 1 July 1978 Military/National Liberation Movement/Institutional Democratic Party
Fernando Romeo Lucas García Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1978 23 March 1982 Military/Institutional Democratic Party/Revolutionary Party
Efraín Ríos Montt Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 23 March 1982 8 August 1983 Military
Óscar Humberto Mejía Victores Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 8 August 1983 14 January 1986 Military
Vinicio Cerezo Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo DN-SN-86-05174.JPEG 14 January 1986 14 January 1991 Guatemalan Christian Democracy
Jorge Serrano Elías Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 14 January 1991 1 June 1993 Solidarity Action Movement
Gustavo Adolfo Espina Salguero Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 June 1993 5 June 1993 Solidarity Action Movement
Ramiro de León Carpio León Carpio 1993.jpg 6 June 1993 14 January 1996 None
Álvaro Arzú Alvaro arzu irigoyen.jpg 14 January 1996 14 January 2000 National Advancement Party/Unionist Party
Alfonso Portillo Alfonso Portillo 2001.jpg 14 January 2000 14 January 2004 Guatemalan Republican Front
Óscar Berger Óscar Berger Perdomo 2005.jpg 14 January 2004 14 January 2008 National Solidarity Party/Grand National Alliance
Álvaro Colom Alvaro Colom Caballeros.jpg 14 January 2008 14 January 2012 National Unity of Hope
Otto Pérez Molina Otto Perez Molina at World Economic Forum 2013-cropped.jpg 14 January 2012 Incumbent Patriotic Party/Grand National Alliance

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 11 September and 6 November 2011 Guatemalan presidential election result
Candidates — Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Otto Pérez MolinaPatriotic Party (PP) 1,611,493 36.01% 2,300,979 53.74%
Manuel BaldizónRenewed Democratic Liberty (LIDER) 1,038,287 23.20% 1,981,003 46.26%
Eduardo SugerCommitment, Renovation and Order (CREO) 732,842 16.38%
Mario EstradaNationalist Change Union (UCN) 383,643 8.57%
Harold CaballerosVision with Values (VIVA) & Encounter for Guatemala (EG) 275,475 6.16%
Rigoberta MenchúBroad Left FrontWinaq,
Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG-MAIZ) & New Nation Alternative (ANN)
146,353 3.27%
Juan GutiérrezNational Advancement Party (PAN) 123,648 2.76%
Patricia de ArzúUnionist Party (PU) 97,381 2.18%
Alejandro GiammatteiSocial Action Centre (CASA) 46,395 1.04%
Adela Camacho de TorrebiarteAction of National Development (ADN) 19,038 0.43%
Valid votes 4,474,555 100.00% 4,281,982 100.00%
Blank votes 398,962 58,202
Invalid votes 219,713 124,934
Total votes (voter turnout: 69.38% / 60.83%) 5,093,230 4,465,118
Source: Tribunal Supremo Electoral[1]

Second round[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tribunal Supremo Electoral (27-09-2011) Acuerdo No. 1319-2011 - Resultados oficiales. Consulted: 2011-09-29.
  2. ^ Tribunal Supremo Electoral. (01/12/2011) Segunda Elección Presidencial. Resultados preliminares. Consulted: 2011-12-01