List of heads of state of Libya

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Libya

This is a list of heads of state of Libya since independence in 1951.

The second section lists the Secretaries-General of the General People's Congress, who served as nominal heads of state of Libya from 1977 until 2011.

Heads of State of Libya (1951–Present)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Effective heads of state (1951–Present)[edit]

Kingdom of Libya (1951–1969)[edit]

# Name Born-Died Reign start Reign end
King of Libya (Senussi dynasty)
1 Idris I IdrisI3.jpg 1889–1983 24 December 1951 1 September 1969[1]

Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1977)[edit]

# Name Born-Died Took office Left office Political Party
Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council
2 Muammar Gaddafi Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg 1942–2011 1 September 1969 2 March 1977 Military /
Arab Socialist Union

Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)[edit]

Secretary-General of the General People's Congress
(2) Muammar Gaddafi Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg 1942–2011 2 March 1977 2 March 1979[2] Military /
Independent
Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution
Muammar Gaddafi Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg 1942–2011 2 March 1979 23 August 2011[3] Military /
Independent

Libya (2011–2013)[edit]

Chairman of the National Transitional Council
3 Mustafa Abdul Jalil Mustafa Abdul Jalil.jpg 1952– 5 March 2011[4] 8 August 2012 Independent
Presidents of the General National Congress
Mohammed Ali Salim
(acting)[5]
No image.svg 1935– 8 August 2012 9 August 2012 Independent
4 Mohammed Magariaf Megariaf cropped GNC.jpg 1940– 9 August 2012 9 January 2013 National Front Party

State of Libya (2013–Present)[edit]

Presidents of the General National Congress
(4) Mohammed Magariaf Megariaf cropped GNC.jpg 1940– 9 January 2013 28 May 2013[6] National Front Party
Giuma Ahmed Atigha
(acting)
No image.svg 1950– 28 May 2013 25 June 2013 Independent
5 Nouri Abusahmain Nouri Abusahmain.jpg 25 June 2013 Incumbent[7] Independent
Presidents of the Council of Deputies
Abu Bakr Baira
(acting)[8]
No image.svg 4 August 2014 5 August 2014 Independent
6 Aguila Saleh Issa No image.svg 1944– 5 August 2014 Incumbent Independent

Nominal heads of state (1977–2011)[edit]

The General People's Congress, chaired by the Secretary-General, was the primary legislature of Libya as well as the top executive authority. They had delegated most executive authority to the General People's Committee and its Secretary or Prime Minister. Beside chairing the General People's Congress, its Secretary-General was also de jure head of state of Libya.

Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)[edit]

# Name Born-Died Took office Left office Political Party
Secretaries-General of the General People's Congress
1 Muammar Gaddafi Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg 1942–2011 2 March 1977 2 March 1979[2] Military /
Independent
2 Abdul Ati al-Obeidi Abdul Ati al-Obeidi (cropped).jpg 1939– 2 March 1979 7 January 1981 Independent
3 Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab No image.svg 1940– 7 January 1981 15 February 1984 Independent
4 Mifta al-Usta Umar No image.svg 1935–2010 15 February 1984 7 October 1990 Independent
5 Abdul Razzaq as-Sawsa No image.svg 7 October 1990 18 November 1992 Independent
6 Muhammad az-Zanati Shikh azanati.JPG 1944– 18 November 1992 3 March 2008 Independent
7 Miftah Muhammed K'eba No image.svg 3 March 2008 5 March 2009 Independent
8 Imbarek Shamekh No image.svg 1952– 5 March 2009 26 January 2010 Independent
9 Mohamed Abu al-Qasim al-Zwai No image.svg 1952– 26 January 2010 23 August 2011[9] Independent

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Deposed in the 1969 coup d'état
  2. ^ a b Renounced all public functions
  3. ^ Deposed in the 2011 Civil War. Continued in rebellion until his murder on 20 October 2011
  4. ^ In rebellion to 23 August 2011
  5. ^ Symbolic head of state for the handover of power from the NTC
  6. ^ Resigned to comply with the Political Isolation Law passed by the GNC on 14 May 2013
  7. ^ De jure until 4 August 2014. De facto continues in rebellion during the 2014 Civil War, as the President of the New General National Congress
  8. ^ Symbolic head of state for the handover of power from the GNC
  9. ^ Deposed in the 2011 Civil War

External links[edit]