List of Presidents of Zimbabwe

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President of the
Republic of Zimbabwe
Presidential Standard of Zimbabwe.svg
Presidential Flag
Robert Mugabe, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-417.jpg
Robert Mugabe

since 31 December 1987
Term length 5 years (renewable once)[1]
Inaugural holder Canaan Banana
Formation 18 April 1980
Deputy Vice-President of Zimbabwe
Salary US$ 4,000 (2014)[2]
Coat of arms of Zimbabwe.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
See also

The President of Zimbabwe is the head of state of Zimbabwe. The office was first held by Canaan Banana following its independence in 1980. From 31 December 1987 to 11 February 2009 the President was also the head of government, as the position of Prime Minister was abolished by Banana's successor, Robert Mugabe. Following political negotiations in 2008 and 2009, the position of Prime Minister was restored, and the President again became solely the head of state.

Following the Zimbabwean constitutional referendum, 2013, the president serves a maximum of two five-year terms (this does not have retrospective effect).[1]

History of the office[edit]

See also: President of Rhodesia, President of Zimbabwe Rhodesia

The office of the President of Zimbabwe was established in 1980, when the country gained independence from the United Kingdom. A Methodist minister, Canaan Banana, became the first President and he served until 1987, in a mostly ceremonial role. The real power was vested in the Prime Minister, Robert Mugabe. In 1987, Mugabe succeeded Banana as President after he revised the Constitution to make himself Executive President.

Presidents of Zimbabwe (1980–present)[edit]


      Zimbabwe African National Union / Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front

# Picture Name
Took office Left office Political Party
1 CS Banana.jpg Canaan Banana
18 April 1980 31 December 1987 Zimbabwe African National Union
2 Robert Mugabe, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-417.jpg Robert Mugabe
(b. 1924)[3]
31 December 1987 Incumbent Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front

Rank by time in office[edit]

Rank President Time in office
1 Robert Mugabe (Incumbent) 27 years, 58 days
2 Canaan Banana 7 years, 257 days

Latest election[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "BBC News - Zimbabweans hope for democratic rebirth". 2013-03-20. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  2. ^ Gumbo, Lloyd (2014-04-22). "President reveals monthly salary". The Herald (Zimbabwe). Retrieved 2014-04-22. 
  3. ^ Currently serving his fifth term. Elected by contested presidential elections in 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008 and 2013