President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
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The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), founded in 1848, is the world's largest general scientific society. It serves 262 affiliated societies and academies of science and engineering, representing 10 million individuals worldwide. It is publisher of the journal Science, which has the largest paid circulation of any peer-reviewed general science journal in the world and an estimated total readership of 1 million. AAAS fulfills its mission to "advance science and serve society" through initiatives in science policy; international programs; science education; communication; and more. It is a non-profit organization, with membership open to everyone.
AAAS presidents serve a one-year term, beginning in mid-February at the close of the AAAS Annual Meeting. In accordance with the convention used by the AAAS, presidents are referenced based on the year in which they left office. The presidential term is followed by a one-year term as chair of the AAAS Board of Directors.
The 2008 president of AAAS was David Baltimore, a biologist who shared in the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Baltimore served as president of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) for nine years before stepping down in 2006. He currently is the Robert A. Millikan Professor of Biology at Caltech. His term as AAAS president ended on 18 February 2008 at the close of the AAAS Annual Meeting in Boston.
The 2009 president was James J. McCarthy, the Alexander Agassiz Professor of Biological Oceanography at Harvard University. McCarthy served as co-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group II, which assessed impacts of and vulnerabilities to global climate change for the Third IPCC Assessment (2001). He began his term as AAAS president on 18 February 2008, after the close of the AAAS Annual Meeting in Boston.