Lieutenant governor of Georgia
Georgia State Seal
|Residence||No official residence|
|Appointer||Elected by popular vote|
|Term length||4-year term|
|Inaugural holder||Melvin E. Thompson|
The Lieutenant Governor of Georgia is a constitutional officer of the state, elected to a 4-year term by popular vote. Unlike in some states, the Lieutenant Governor is elected on a separate ticket from the state Governor.
Constitutionally, the Lieutenant Governor's primary job is to serve as President of the Senate. In the case of incapacity of the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor assumes the powers (but not the title) of the Governor. Should the Governor die or otherwise leave office, the Lieutenant Governor becomes Governor for the remainder of the term of office.
The office of Lieutenant Governor was created by a state constitutional revision in 1945. Prior to that time, Georgia did not have such an office. Elected in 1946 (for a term to begin in 1947) to be Georgia's first Lieutenant Governor, Melvin Thompson became involved in the infamous Three Governors Controversy.
The current Lieutenant Governor of Georgia is Casey Cagle.
Article V, Paragraph IV of the Georgia State Constitution details the qualifications for the office of Georgia's Lieutenant Governor. In order to be eligible for the office a person must have lived in the United States for 15 years and in Georgia for six years and be at least 30 years old. The Lieutenant Governor of Georgia has no restrictions on the number of times he or she can hold the office.
Role of the Lieutenant Governor
The Lieutenant Governor's formal duties are limited by the Georgia State Constitution to being President of the Senate and the successor of the Governor whenever the chief executive becomes disabled or dies. Other, informal duties, were initiated by Lieutenant Governor Marvin Griffin during his tenure and include naming chairmen to senate committees and "taking an active role in the leadership of the senate." He also began the custom of asking the Governor's approval of these appointments. These powers lasted until 2003, when Governor Sonny Perdue, a Republican, stripped the Lieutenant Governor at the time, Democrat Mark Taylor of those powers, giving them to the president pro tempore of the Senate. In November 2010, the Republican majority voted to change the senate rules, stripping the Lieutenant Governor's ability to appoint the membership of senate committees.
President of the Senate
As President of the Senate the Lieutenant Governor presides over debate in the Senate and casts a tie-breaking vote in that body if necessary. However, the Lieutenant Governor is barred from sponsoring legislation. The Rules of the Georgia State Senate assign the President of the Senate to appoint two senators to the Committee on Assignments and to serve as the Chair of the committee, but the Chair may only vote in case of a tie. Additionally, the President is a member of and appoints three other members to the Committee on Administrative Affairs. Under the supervision of the State Senate, the President "shall as a matter of course and without debate, report the reference of bills to the proper committee." Senate pages are supervised by the President who "shall establish a program of familiarization with state government, its procedures and those duties and responsibilities which will be required of pages."
Lieutenant Governors of Georgia
- Melvin E. Thompson, Democratic Party, January 14, 1947-November 17, 1948
- Marvin Griffin, Democratic Party, November 17, 1948–January 11, 1955
- S. Ernest Vandiver, Democratic Party, January 11, 1955–January 13, 1959
- Garland T. Byrd, Democratic Party, January 13, 1959–January 15, 1963
- Peter Zack Geer, Democratic Party, January 15, 1963–January 11, 1967
- George T. Smith, Democratic Party, January 11, 1967–January 12, 1971
- Lester Maddox, Democratic Party, January 12, 1971–January 14, 1975
- Zell Miller, Democratic Party, January 14, 1975–January 13, 1991
- Pierre Howard, Democratic Party, January 13, 1991–January 11, 1999
- Mark Taylor, Democratic Party, January 11, 1999–January 8, 2007
- Casey Cagle, Republican Party, January 8, 2007-
Living former lieutenant governors
As of August 2014[update], there are three living former lieutenant governors, the oldest being Zell Miller (1975-1991, born 1932). The most recent death of a former lieutenant governor was that of George T. Smith (1967-1971), who died on August 23, 2010, the most recently serving lieutenant governor to die was S. Ernest Vandiver (1959-1963) on February 21, 2005.
|Lieutenant Governor||Term of office||Date of birth|
|Zell Miller||1975-1991||February 24, 1932|
|Pierre Howard||1991-1999||February 3, 1943|
|Mark Taylor||1999-2007||May 7, 1957|
- Article V - Georgia Constitution, Accessed July 16, 2008
- New Georgia Encyclopedia: Lieutenant Governor, Accessed July 16, 2008
- "PolitiFact Georgia | Georgia Senate leaders claim "power sharing" with lieutenant governor". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- County Snapshots: State of Georgia, Accessed July 17, 2008
- "Rules of the Georgia State Senate | 2013 - 2013 Term". Secretary of the Senate's Office. Retrieved 11 October 2013.